Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 33 n° 335

Hyperloop is a Refreshingly New Direction for Future of Mobility

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 16 agosto 2013

By Frost & Sullivan Analyst Shyam Raman “On August Elon Musk, chief executive of Tesla Motors and SpaceX, finally revealed details of the superfast mode of transportation that he first introduced almost a year ago. Behold the Hyperloop. This new mode aims to be safer, faster, and operable at a lower cost. It also aims to be self powering, resistant to seismic events and immune to the weather.The Hyperloop is envisioned to ideally serve cities that are less than 1,500 km or 900 miles apart. It is expected that hypersonic air travel using scramjet engines will better serve cities that are further placed from each other. The Hyperloop works by transporting high-speed transport capsules in a dedicated tube, which is partially evacuated. Previous ideas of high-speed rail involved evacuated tubes (vacuum) to reduce the detrimental effects of friction, induced and form drag. As objects travel faster in air, a high-pressure zone is created in front of the object. The object then has to spend more energy to trounce this high pressure energy created in front of its direction of motion. The Hyperloop aims to overcome this challenge by using a high pressure centrifugal compressor mounted in the front of the vehicle that would actively transfer high pressure from the front to the rear of the vehicle. By redirecting some portion of the intake air and ejecting it to the periphery of the vehicle, an “air cushion” can be created. Acceleration and deceleration is provided by a linear induction motor that is in development. They will be used to provide a “re-boost” every 70 miles. Using a linear motor lowers material cost, weight and simplifies in balancing of the vehicle. The Hyperloop also features energy storage using lithium ion batteries. Using batteries reduces the energy drawn for the linear motors to a theoretical value of 6 MW. The additional power requirements are met from energy generated from solar arrays.Yet the Hyperloop is not the only radical transport solution currently in the works, the Canadian firm Magnovate aims to commercialize Magline, its proprietary magnetic levitation solution. Magnetic levitation trains are propelled by linear electric motors float on a magnetic cushion and have no direct contact with the track. Maglines maximum design speed will be 300 miles (500 km) per hour on intercity connections and up to 90 miles (150km) per hour in the urban environment. Magline vehicles are smaller and are similar to personal rapid transit vehicles. Magline further improves on system economics by utilizing a “packet switching” model that enables offline stops without slowing traffic on the mainline. This enables more vehicles that are not connected to one another to run more often on the network. A project is being developed to connect the cities of Edmonton and Calgary with a Magline track. The planned length will be just over 180 miles (300km) and is expected to cost $3.60 billion USD. The current travel time of three hours by road and 1.5 hours by air will be reduced to less than 45 minutes by Magline – small vehicle on a small guideway with high speed magnetic levitation achieved by using a revolutionary technology called stabilized permanent magnate suspension.
The high speed rail research group at Frost & Sullivan recently published a global research titled “Rail Outlook Study 2013–2022” The study found that the global high speed rail has enormous interest levels with a total expected investment funding of over $770.23 billion USD by 2022 in high speed rail infrastructure with over $60 billion expected in North America through California high speed rail. The integration of mobility is driving growth in all rail segments globally. Demand for improved efficiency in the rail industry will drive the market for advanced asset and fleet management tools, including remote diagnostics (or prognostics), passenger information and asset planning. Recent research has shown that intelligent solutions such as rail automation that help increase efficiency without compromising on safety are seeing dramatically high interest levels. (The radio-based communication-based train control (CBTC) network in Western Europe is expected to grow at a CAGR of 22.8 percent over the next 10 years according to another recent Frost & Sullivan study “Strategic Analysis Of Western European Urban Rail Signalling: Communication Based Train Control Systems” (http://www.frost.com/sublib/display-report.do?id=M92D-01-00-00-00)).Although the Hyperloop is still conceptual and there is enormous amounts of work pending to prove the physics of its working, it can still be considered as a significant breakthrough in high-speed mass transportation for two main reasons. First, the technology and intellectual property has been floated to the public as an open source transportation solution. Secondly, the approach to Hyperloop has been from the ground up. It is so refreshing to see a concept where every element from tracks, vehicles, stations etc. has been visualized from a 2020 perspective; it does not involve iterations of technologies from the past.Based on recent research conducted by Frost & Sullivan, we strongly believe that there is a gradual transition in the way that information technology is being integrated in transportation systems. It is not only being implemented and enabling new technologies and applications in transportation; it is also becoming inherent and an integral element. It is expected that transit systems of the future will be sentient, self sustaining and cognitive in nature.”

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