Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 259

Archive for 13 giugno 2014

Europe needs to develop a common strategy against bullying: key message of the 1st Conference of the European Anti-bullying Network

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 giugno 2014

eventAthens – More than 500 people across Europe took part in the 1st Conference of the European Anti-bullying Network hosted by the Greek NGO “The Smile of the Child” during a high-level event that was held under the auspices of the Hellenic Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The conference allowed academia, civil society organizations and national and international governmental organizations to discuss on the serious problem of bullying, exchange good practices in the area and present interesting data and studies on this serious problem. The official establishment of the Network will be announced on 13 June, 2014in an effort to promote a common strategy against bullying and coordinate anti-bullying actions and initiatives.More specifically, thehigh-level Conference was organized in the framework of the European Anti-bullying Network project that was coordinated by “The Smile of the Child” and was implemented in cooperation with 16 organizations across 12 EU Member States under the funding of the Daphne III Programme of the European Commission. Highlight of this conference was the speech by Dan Olweus, Professor of Psychology, and world leading researcher in the area of bullying, who provided some interestingfactson the phenomenon and some myths andintervention programs to address bullying in schools. He underlined the importance of analyzing cyber bullying in the right context and revealed that most cases of cyber bullying originate in the school setting. According to him,most students are bullied or bully other children in traditional ways, while he provided evidence showing that there has been no systematic increase in cyber bullying despite the common belief.”Bullying among children and youth is a serious problem in most countries but by no means an intractable problem. With knowledge and research-based counter-efforts, it is possible to considerably reduce bullying problems, eliminate much personal suffering and make society save large amounts of money” he highlighted.
In his opening address, “The Smile of the Child” Chairperson Costas Yannopoulos presented the continuous work of the Greek organization in the area of bullying prevention and framed the importance of the initiative of the Greek NGO to establish the European Anti-bullying Networkin cooperation with 16 organizations from 12 EU countries. A plenary panel discussion co-organized by “The Smile of the Child” and ILGA-Europe focused on the European policies against bullying. Vaso Artinopoulou, Professor of Criminology at Panteion University in Greece presented the European strategy against bullying developed in the framework of the EU-funded project “European Anti-bullying Network” and highlighted the need of a European approach and response on a European level. Special Rapporteur on Child Protection in Ireland Shannon Geoffrey contributed his expert input analyzing the human rights standards related to school bullying, while the Head of the LGBT Unit in the Council of Europe Eleni Tsetsekou focused on what the Council of Europe can do towards ensuring a violence-free education in Europe. Frank Pierobon, Head of Equal Opportunities in schools from DG Education and Culture, framed the importance of human rights education as a prerequisite for equality, while Joe Koswic from GLSEN (Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network) presented how a global knowledge base on homophobic and transphobic bullying is promoted in the United States. During the conference, interesting data was also presented showing that Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Greece are the countries with the higher percentage of students being involved in bullying either as victims, bullies and bully-victims among 41 countries across the globe. According to the same study, Sweden is the country with the lowest percentage. A new poll conducted and presented by BeatBullying shows that more than half (55%) of children in Europe who have been bullied said they became depressed as a result, with over a third saying they harmed themselves (35%) or thought about suicide (38%). The poll of more than 2,000 adults and children from across Europe found that worryingly, 34% of adults thought that bullying is regarded as a ‘normal part of growing up’, and one in six adults (16%) said it is regarded as “character building” by most people in their country. Studies conducted in Greece show that 6.3% of teenagers have been cyber bullied more than once over the last 4 months, while 40% of teachers believe that the incidents of school violence remain hushed up and 84% of parents that school bullying and violence is on the rise. Equally alarming, professional assistance in Greece is provided to less than 1 in 10 children who experience some sort of violence and victimization. The conference offered dynamic small group sessions covering wide-range areas in the bullying phenomenon such as cyber-bullying, teen relationships and bullying, prevention projects in schools, teachers’ and students’ perspectives, victimization of children and risk factors for bullying. During the conference participants had the opportunity to attend experiential workshops provided by field workers and professionals, highlighting good practices and educational tools in tackling bullying. These sessions were based on different schools of psychotherapy and techniques such as role playing, expression of feelings and drama therapy and aimed to empower teachers and professionals dealing with bullying incidents.

 

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UN World food programme responds to urgent needs of displaced people in Iraq

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 giugno 2014

Onu palaceERBIL, IRAQ ­ The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is launching an initial emergency operation to provide food assistance to 42,000 of the most vulnerable people displaced by conflict this week in Iraq. WFP has deployed emergency and logistics staff to Erbil in the Kurdistan region to determine further food needs on the ground following the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people from Mosul to Erbil and neighbouring areas over the past two days. In its initial response, WFP will deliver approximately 550 metric tons of food a month support the operation, at a cost of $1.5 million. An airlift of emergency food and other supplies is planned from the WFP-run UN Humanitarian Response Depot (UNHRD) in Dubai and another flight with non-food assistance is planned from Brindisi, in Italy. The crisis in Iraq is escalating quickly. In some areas on the borders between Iraq and Kurdistan where newly displaced people are arriving, there are reports of unavailability of food in the shops. Meeting the food needs of the most vulnerable groups is a crucial step for WFP¹s mission in the country, said WFP Representative and Country Director in Iraq, Jane Pearce. WFP will be sending its food assistance into Iraq through Turkey to families displaced by the Mosul conflict. Along with the newly displaced, WFP is already assisting about 240,000 people displaced by conflict in Iraq¹s al-Anbar region, as well as more than 100,000 refugees from the conflict in Syria, who are sheltering in Iraq.WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food in emergencies and working with communities to build resilience. In 2013, WFP assisted more than 80 million people in 75 countries.

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Lotta alla lebbra

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 giugno 2014

lebbraLa Fondazione Novartis per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile e Netherlands Leprosy Relief (NLR) annunciano la loro collaborazione per interrompere la trasmissione della lebbra, con un progetto innovativo che sposta l’attenzione su come interrompere la trasmissione della malattia. Nei centri pilota di numerosi paesi di Asia, Africa e America Latina, verranno introdotte misure di profilassi per le persone a contatto con pazienti di nuova diagnosi, per ridurre il rischio che sviluppino la lebbra (progetto LPEP – Profilassi lebbra post-esposizione).
Le ricerche mostrano come una singola dose preventiva dell’antibiotico rifampicina può dimezzare il rischio di sviluppare la lebbra, nelle persone a contatto con pazienti che ne sono affetti.La Fondazione Novartis per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile è attiva nella lotta alla lebbra da oltre 25 anni. Accanto all’implementazione della nuova strategia per interrompere la trasmissione della malattia, la Fondazione agevola inoltre la donazione di terapie multi-farmaco (MDT) da parte di Novartis, che dal 2000 ha contribuito al trattamento di oltre 5 milioni di pazienti affetti da lebbra. “Per ridurre ulteriormente il numero di nuovi casi, dobbiamo considerare ogni nuovo paziente come un evento unico” ha dichiarato Anne Aerts, Direttore della Fondazione Novartis per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile. “Possiamo sperare di ridurre la trasmissione della lebbra grazie ad un approccio maggiormente proattivo e ad un esame più attento delle persone con cui è in contatto ogni paziente di nuova diagnosi, unitamente ad una terapia preventiva”. (nella cartina in rosso sono segnate le località dove zono presenti casi di lebbra e in giallo dove sono stati segnalati solo casi sporadici)

 

 

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Internazionalizzazione come strada obbligata per crescere

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 giugno 2014

mercato globaleE per crescere anche dimensionalmente, aumentando il personale in Italia e acquisendo cioè la grandezza che permette di affrontare adeguatamente il mercato globale, quello su cui si affaccia oggi ogni nuova impresa che nasce. L’impulso arriva dal professor Fabio Sdogati ordinario di Economia internazionale al Politecnico di Milano, intervenuto stamattina al Friuli Future Forum assieme a Roberto Calugi, Coordinatore del Consorzio camerale per il credito e la finanza, e Gian Carlo Bertoni, presidente Assocorce (International Trade Development Association), per un incontro sull’internazionalizzazione ideato da Fff in sinergia con Confapi Fvg.
La provocazione di Sdogati è stata forte. «Hanno passato anni a insegnarci che “piccolo è bello” ed è necessario che le imprese siano radicate sul territorio, ma si tratta di due assunti da rigettare». Motivo? «Il mondo non è più eurocentrico e lo sarà sempre di meno. Inoltre, la mappa dei Paesi è ormai sfumata sui confini. Cioè: il made in Italy non esiste. Tranne per pochissimi prodotti che non possono prescindere dal territorio, ormai nessun prodotto è fatto completamente in Italia, ma è frutto di una compartecipazione di lavoro internazionale». Pertanto la strada è quella dell’estero, come export o investimenti, e verso i mercati che saranno più produttivi nei prossimi anni. Dunque non tanto e non solo l’Ue, ma mercati emergenti o con crescita stimata di gran lunga superiore alla nostra. Tre esempi, stando ai dati Ocse? Se gli Usa sono stimati in crescita del 3,5 % nel 2015, la Cina supera il 7%. Noi siamo attorno all’1%. «Possiamo perciò valutare – ha ricordato Sdogati – che se negli States gli stipendi attuali raddoppieranno in una trentina d’anni, in Cina il tempo si ridurrà a 12 anni. Da noi? Ci metteranno 90 anni a raddoppiare». Il rischio è quello di una stagnazione permanente, se non sapremo aprirci all’internazionalizzazione, e continueremo a perdere giovani, forze lavoro e forze creative. «L’anno scorso – ha evidenziato il professore – abbiamo perso 100 mila giovani: il servizio sanitario inglese ha rilasciato 44 mila accessi a giovani italiani, tutti sotto i 35 anni». «Si è diffusa troppa paura, in questi anni, sull’apertura all’estero delle imprese – gli ha fatto eco Calugi –. Si diceva che avrebbe causato una contrazione degli occupati in Italia. Invece i dati dicono che chi è andato all’estero, soprattutto esportando ma anche investendo, ha accresciuto il personale in Italia». Richiamando elaborazioni di dati Istat, con riferimento al comparto industriale, le imprese esportartici evidenziano un grado di efficienza tecnica superiore rispetto alle imprese rivolte al solo mercato domestico. E sebbene stia lentamente diminuendo la quota di export italiano (e anche Fvg) verso l’Ue e di converso crescendo quella verso Paesi extra-Ue, Calugi ha citato un’analisi sui certificati d’origine richiesti dalle imprese milanesi a fronte di esportazioni verso i principali Paesi extra Ue. Sono stati considerati gli anni 2011 e 2012 per oltre 62.000 certificati richiesti da circa 3.250 imprese per ogni anno e i dati sono stati integrati con quelli provenienti dal registro delle imprese italiane. Solo l’1,1% delle imprese attive a Milano esporta in un Paese che richiede questi certificati. Solo 213 esportano per più del 30% del loro fatturato.

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The European Commission stands zero chance of success in delivering all the support Ukraine needs to achieve its political and economic reforms

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 giugno 2014

Ukraine1That is the view of Ukraine expert Professor Stefan Hedlund who is Research Director at the Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Uppsala University, and author for intelligence consultancy Geopolitical Information Service. The European Commission said in May that it is ‘determined to make sure that Ukraine has all the support it needs to undertake the political and economic reforms necessary to consolidate a democratic, independent, united and prosperous Ukraine’. But it stands zero chance of success, of delivering that writes Professor Stefan Hedlund, Ukraine had US$8 billion in forex reserves at the end of April 2014 and a recognised total debt service for the second half of the year of US$9 billion. Ratings agencies downgraded the country’s sovereign debt to default imminent. ‘Matters appeared to change following the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) decision, April 30, to approve a US$17 billion package of support. With the EU and others jointly contributing US$11 billion, it looked as though Ukraine had a new lease on life. This is a grand illusion,’ says Professor Hedlund.‘First, Ukraine has a major debt to Russia the size of which is under debate. Nobody doubts that Moscow will succeed in squeezing several billion dollars out of the support package,’ he says.‘Second, there is substantial debt service for 2015 as well, which further erodes what little support is made available.’Third, and most important, the support is staggered over several years and conditional on Ukraine implementing successful reforms. ‘This not only reduces the value of the outside commitment to a ‘democratic, independent, united and prosperous Ukraine’ but also puts in focus the ability of Ukraine’s government to stay on track with its commitments to the IMF, and to even survive,’ he adds.
A political threat conveniently ignored in technocratic discussion of the support package is that Ukrainian households have been dealt a triple whammy over future heating bills. Russia has hiked the export price of gas, a major devaluation of the hryvna, Ukraine’s national currency, has raised the import price of gas, and the IMF has called for gas subsidies to be revoked. ‘The final price for household gas is difficult to predict, but a hike of 50 per cent or more is likely. Households unable to pay their gas bills will be freezing come October and November,’ says Professor Hedlund.‘Ukraine is heading for a train crash while Western officials are busily involved in activities reminiscent of rearranging the deckchairs on the Titanic.’

 

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