Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 34 n° 316

A Growing Conflict in Wall St. Buyouts

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 6 gennaio 2016

wall streetBy Andrew Ross Sorkin, The New York Times. It goes by a rather innocuous-sounding name, the sort of phrase you might breeze past in a loan document: “designated lender counsel.”But pay attention, because it’s the latest conflict-ridden practice on Wall Street.Over the last several years, a new, insidious relationship has quietly developed between the nation’s largest private equity firms, the banks that lend them billions to fund their buyouts and the law firms that advise on these deals.Historically, when a bank, like JPMorgan Chase, made a loan to a private equity firm planning a big acquisition, like the Blackstone Group, the bank would hire an outside law firm to scrutinize the loan and the transaction.
That made a lot of sense: Loans made to finance private equity deals are some of the riskiest because they typically involve a lot of debt. They are called “leveraged buyouts” for a reason. Having a team of lawyers review an often complex loan document could keep a bank from making a deal that might later come back to haunt it. The Federal Reserve, so worried about these kinds of loans, has since the financial crisis sought to make it tougher for big banks to make highly leveraged loans by issuing rules that determine the amount of money they can lend.But neither the Federal Reserve nor any other regulator has addressed this latest private equity maneuver.
Instead of allowing a bank to hire its own lawyers to vet a potential loan, many large private equity firms — Blackstone, Apollo Global Management, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Carlyle Group among them — now regularly require the banks to use a specific law firm that they designate, hence the term “designated lender counsel.” The private equity firms pay for the law firm’s services, too.Think about it this way: It is, in effect, the equivalent of your employer giving you an employment agreement and telling you that the only lawyer who can look it over is the one the company has retained.Bankers and their in-house lawyers privately complain that the private equity firms are assigning them law firms that have little allegiance to them and might not necessarily have their best interests at heart. But given the pressure to secure these big loan deals — which can be worth hundreds of millions of dollars in fees — few are willing to publicly criticize the practice.Indeed, when I called private equity firms — representatives from which all refused to speak on the record about this practice — they all said that if the banks were really that upset about it, the firms would have already heard complaints.
But that ignores the influence that private equity firms have over the banks, and the banks’ lack of incentive to speak up.“The borrower has a lot of muscle, a lot of leverage,” Robert Profusek, a partner at the law firm Jones Day and one of the few lawyers who would speak on the record about this issue, said of the private equity firms. “When you’re competing for business, you’re not going to turn it down because you can’t use law firm A rather than law firm B.” (Mr. Profusek’s firm does some work as designated lender counsel.) (abstract)


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