Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 344

Conference on multilateral diplomacy and future warfare

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 13 novembre 2019

Rome november 22-23 H15:00 Istituto Svizzero Villa Maraini Via Ludovisi 48 To commemorate the 70th anniversary of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the Istituto Svizzero and the Swiss Embassy in Italy invite, in collaboration with the University Roma Tre and The University of Geneva, the Roman public to a discussion about both the achievements and the challenges in current international humanitarian law (IHL). The DISPUTE series provides a platform for citizen engagement relating to the globalization and the future of contemporary societies. Proposing a new topic every year, the forum aims to strengthen civic participation and public debate.
This year’s edition puts the role and relevance of the IHL up for debate. Featuring politicians, scholars, representatives of states, armed forces, the Red Cross Movement and non-governmental activist groups, interested citizens have the chance to participate in an informed discussion with experienced specialists who can give a clear idea of what IHL is, what it does, and what its challenges for the future are. The conference will be accompanied by two commentators (already confirmed is Yves Daccord, general director, ICRC) whose role is to highlight important themes and arguments in wrap-up sessions following each panel.The conference will focus on three different fields of interest:Multilateral diplomacy and IHL: does it still work? During the last decades, multilateral diplomacy has not always been effective despite sustained efforts of the international community to develop new international instruments in order to face current and upcoming challenges in IHL. The trend in favor of unilateral solutions and the shifting of priority from international concerns to national interests is noticeable in a number of States.Inherent features of IHL render law-making in this domain particularly difficult. For instance, various actors are involved in contemporary armed conflicts, such as organized armed groups or international organizations and accommodating their perspectives in a State-centric international system remains a challenge.Against this backdrop, the DISPUTE series will offer the opportunity to panelists and the audience to reflect on possible venues to enhance and continuously ensure effective protection to victims of armed conflicts. Furthermore, the session will explore the continued relevance of the Geneva Conventions and other multilateral IHL treaties highlighting best practice examples from armed conflict situations.
Lights and shadows: how is IHL interpreted and applied?Two panels will focus on selected challenges that have arisen in recent armed conflicts. Particular attention will be paid to non-international armed conflicts and related issues pertaining to non-state actors as well as to the protection of cultural heritage in armed conflicts. Discussions will not only demonstrate the complexity of IHL application and humanitarian action in armed conflicts but also give a picture of the global community’s handling of these complexities.
The future of warfare: what set of rules do we need?The third session concerns new technologies and their potential impact on the future of warfare. The rapid development of technologies and artificial intelligence with potential military applications may radically change the face of armed conflicts. Drones are increasingly used, cyberspace has emerged as a new battlefield, and automated weapons systems such as combat robots may be defining future wars. At the same time, modern technologies can improve the application of IHL and the enforcement of such rules in case of violations. These changes have not only ethical implications but also pose legal and practical problems to IHL.The conference is free and is only upon registration. To sign up please send an email to prenotazioni@istitutosvizzero.it. A simultaneous translation in English-Italian will be provided.
H15:30 Multilateral Diplomacy (moderated by Gloria Gaggioli, University of Geneva) Fausto Pocar (Sanremo Institute), Academic Perspective, Valentin Zellweger (Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Switzerland to the UN), State Perspective
Steven Hill (Legal Adviser NATO), IO Perspective, Els Debuf (Deputy Head for Europe ICRC), ICRC Perspective, Noam Lubell (University of Essex), Developing New Guidelines for Investigating IHL Violations. H16:20 Moderated round-table discussion with panelists and Q&A for audience
H17:45 Best Practice in IHL Giulio Bartolini (Roma Tre), The Continued Relevance of the Geneva Conventions and other Multilateral IHL Treaties: Success Stories and the Application of IHL
H18:00 Wrap-up sessio
23.11.2019 – Day 2 H11:00 Non-State Actors (moderated by Emanuela-Chiara Gillard, University of Oxford)
Marco Sassoli, University of Geneva, The Law of Non-International Armed Conflicts Luisa Vierucci (University of Florence), Agreements regulating a non-international armed conflict: what impact on IHL? Sandra Krähenmann (Geneva Call), Engaging with Non-State-Actors H11:30 Moderated round-table discussion with panelists and Q&A for audience H12:30 Wrap-up session
H14:30 Cultural Heritage (moderated by Kristin Hausler, British Institute of International and Comparative Law) Roger O’Keefe (University Bocconi) Cultural Heritage and International Humanitarian Law: From Atrocity to Capacity Fabrizio Parulli (Carabinieri), The Blue Helmets for Culture Initiative Aparna Tandon (ICCROM), First Aid and Resilience for Cultural Heritage
H15:00 Moderated round-table discussion with panelists and Q&A for audience H16:00 Wrap-up session
H17:00 Future Warfare (moderated by Jean-Marc Rickli, GCSP) Marco Roscini (University of Westminster), Cyberwarfare Kaja Ciglic (Microsoft), The Role of New Technologies in Armed Conflicts, Neha Jain (European University Institute), Accountability for violations of international humanitarian law
H17:30 Moderated round-table discussion with panelists and Q&A for audience
H18:30 Wrap-up session
H19:00 Final debate

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