Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 321

Posts Tagged ‘Air pollution’

Air pollution and child health: prescribing clean air

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 5 novembre 2018

This report summarizes the latest scientific knowledge on the links between exposure to air pollution and adverse health effects in children. It is intended to inform and motivate individual and collective action by health care professionals to prevent damage to children’s health from exposure to air pollution. Air pollution is a major environmental health threat. Exposure to fine particles in both the ambient environment and in the household causes about seven million premature deaths each year. Ambient air pollution (AAP) alone imposes enormous costs on the global economy, amounting to more than US$ 5 trillion in total welfare losses in 2013.This public health crisis is receiving more attention, but one critical aspect is often overlooked: how air pollution affects children in uniquely damaging ways. Recent data released by the World Health Organization (WHO) show that air pollution has a vast and terrible impact on child health and survival. Globally, 93% of all children live in environments with air pollution levels above the WHO guidelines. More than one in every four deaths of children under 5 years is directly or indirectly related to environmental risks. Both AAP and household air pollution (HAP) contribute to respiratory tract infections that resulted in 543 000 deaths in children under 5 years in 2016.Although air pollution is a global problem, the burden of disease attributable to particulate matter in air is heaviest in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), particularly in the WHO African, South-East Asia, Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific regions. LMICs in these regions – especially the African Region – have the highest levels of exposure to HAP due to the widespread use of polluting fuels and technologies for basic daily needs, such as cooking, heating and lighting (6). Poverty is correlated with high exposure to environmental health risks. Poverty can also compound the damaging health effects of air pollution, by limiting access to information, treatment and other health care resources.
Children are society’s future. But they are also its most vulnerable members. The immense threat posed to their health by air pollution demands that health professionals respond with focused, urgent action. Although more rigorous research into how air pollution affects children’s health will continue to be valuable, there is already ample evidence to justify strong, swift action to prevent the damage it clearly produces. Health professionals must come together to address this threat as a priority, through collective, coordinated efforts. For the millions of children exposed to polluted air every day, there is little time to waste and so much to be gained.

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A historic step forward for clean air

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 22 dicembre 2011

Overview of main health effects on humans from...

Image via Wikipedia

Today, President Obama announced a once-in-a-generation step forward for the environment and public health — the first-ever national standards for mercury, arsenic, and other toxic air pollution from power plants. This new rule has been 20 years in the making, but couldn’t have come a moment sooner. For far too long, out-of-date power plants have polluted our air with toxins like mercury and arsenic: nasty stuff that causes everything from cancer, heart attacks, and neurological damage. There’s a reason it took us so long to get here. The other side, including those running for president right now, has been fighting us tooth and nail to block new environmental protections like this one, while their industry allies have poured millions into rolling back time-tested safeguards already in place. That’s why this is so huge — and just one example of what’s at stake in 2012. Say you stand with President Obama in his fight to make our air safer.It’s pretty hard to understand their opposition, considering these updated standards will literally save thousands of lives. In fact, thanks to the President’s action, when fully implemented, every single year we’ll prevent:
— Up to 11,000 premature deaths,
— 4,700 heart attacks, and
— 130,000 cases of asthma.
These numbers exist because power plants are the largest remaining source of this dangerous toxic air pollution — responsible for half of the mercury and over 75 percent of the acid gas pollution in our country. And children, in particular, have paid the price: More than 300,000 are born every year after being exposed to unsafe levels of mercury while in the womb, increasing their risk of having learning disabilities later on.We know that when Americans are healthier, and more kids can grow up without developmental problems, we’re stronger as a whole. That’s why for every dollar spent to reduce pollution from power plants, we’ll see up to $9 in health benefits, for a total of $90 billion annually — meaning that more people will be able to stay at work and school instead of the hospital, and spend less of their money on medical bills.This rule also paves the way for tens of thousands of new jobs as power plants get up to speed with today’s technology: an estimated 46,000 short-term construction and 8,000 long-term utility jobs in the next few years. And it goes without saying, the standards will also go a long way towards cleaning up our nation’s lakes and streams — great news for fish and other wildlife, and those of us who’d like to enjoy our waterways without the threat of mercury making us sick.Here’s why this is so important to me: I got my start in public service many years ago at the EPA, and saw up close just how hard the other side fights against any significant steps forward like this one to protect our air. But, after 20 years of delays in protecting our kids and our environment from the largest polluters of these toxins, President Obama got it done. But we should also remember that in historic moments like this, those fighting to protect the status quo often end up being heard the loudest. That’s why we need to be even louder in our support for the President and his decision to give our children the healthier future they deserve.

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