Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 33 n° 335

Posts Tagged ‘arms’

MEPs adopt a report on the implementation of EU arms export rules

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 17 luglio 2020

MEPs condemn the increasing arms race evolving across the world, calling on the EU to play an active role in the areas of non-proliferation of arms and global disarmament.In the “Arms export: implementation of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP” report, adopted by the European Parliament´s Committee on Foreign Affairs on Monday evening, MEPs looked into how the member states were implementing the EU’s common rules governing the control of exports of military technology and equipment.The latest SIPRI figures show that arms exports from the EU-28 amounted to some 26 % of the global total in 2015-2019, collectively making the EU-28 the second largest arms supplier in the world after the USA (36 %) and followed by Russia (21 %), point out MEPs.In light of the EU’s growing importance in arms production, they support the Council´s commitment to strengthen the control of arms exports. Its recent decisions reflect a growing awareness among member states of the need for greater transparency in this area, MEPs say.The ambition to make the European defence sector more competitive must not undermine the application of the Common Position’s eight criteria as they take precedence over any national economic, social, commercial or industrial interests, warn MEPs.The rapporteur Hannah Neumann (Greens/EFA, DE) said: “Arms exports need parliamentary and public scrutiny. With increasing EU cooperation and EU funding in arms production, EU oversight and regulations are needed more and more. The report demands clear advances in this regard and should guide member states and the Commission in the coming years.”MEPs recall that the EU has been implementing a number of arms embargoes on several countries, ensuring that the EU does not contribute to humanitarian crises, human rights abuses and atrocities. Welcoming Operation IRINI´s objectives to strictly implement the UN arms embargo, they call on all member states to halt any transfer of weapons, surveillance and intelligence equipment to all the parties involved in the Libyan conflict.MEPs also welcome the decisions of some member states to restrict their arms exports to countries who are members of the Saudi-led coalition involved in the war in Yemen and call again on the High Representative to launch a process that would lead to an EU arms embargo against Saudi ArabiaThey welcome the EU´s efforts to make the Arms Trade Treaty universal, to which all EU member states are party, and call the major arms-exporting countries, such as the USA, China and Russia, to sign and ratify the Treaty.MEPs also stress the need to strengthen public oversight in this domain as well as the importance of regularly consulting the European Parliament, national parliaments, arms export control authorities, industry associations and civil society to establish a meaningful level of transparency.The report was adopted by 33 votes for, 11 against and 26 abstentions.

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AFET adopts recommendation on EU stance on a key nuclear arms control regime

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 21 febbraio 2020

MEPs call for effective multilateralism and rules-based international order in the run-up to the 2020 Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty review process.The Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET) adopted on Wednesday a recommendation to the Council and the EU Foreign Policy chief Josep Borrell on what stance to take on preparing the 2020 Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT) review process, nuclear arms control and nuclear disarmament options.In a report adopted with 61 votes for, 1 against and 5 abstentions, AFET MEPs recommend that the Council and the EU foreign policy chief should reaffirm the EU’s and member states’ full support to the NPT and its three mutually reinforcing pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament and peaceful use of nuclear energy They should also reiterate that effective multilateralism and rules-based international order are a pre-condition for countering the proliferation of nuclear weapons, say MEPs They warn that exacerbating the situations in which nuclear weapons could be used could seriously jeopardise global strategic stability, urging the state parties to the NPT to ensure that the trend of reducing nuclear arsenal, since the number of nuclear weapons peaked in 1986, is not reversed.With the collapse of the INF treaty last summer in mind, MEPs recommend that EU representatives call on the US and Russia to resume a dialogue and find a way to put in place a new legally binding instrument for short- and medium-range missiles.They should also stress that a clear commitment from Russia and the US to extend the new START Treaty before it expires in February 2021 would contribute significantly to the NPT review conference.MEPs also recommend that the EU’s continuing commitment to the Iran nuclear deal (JCPOA) should be reaffirmed as the best possible means for obtaining assurances of an exclusively peaceful use of nuclear energy by Iran. However, MEPs also point out that the EU regrets that Iran stopped limiting its production of enriched uranium, which led to all European signatories to the JCPOA triggering a dispute mechanism. Regarding North Korea, MEPs recommend urging the country to abandon its nuclear weapons programme and return to the NPT and IAEA safeguards. They also recall that the DPRK continues to represent a regional and international nuclear and ballistic threat.Rapporteur Sven Mikser (S&D, ET) said: The European Union needs to continue to work hard to make the upcoming NPT Review Conference a success. For half a century, the NPT has provided a crucial framework to reduce the nuclear threat, and it continues to be the best instrument available to the international community to pursue a path towards a world free of nuclear weapons.”

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