Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 32 n° 60

Posts Tagged ‘Asthma’

Rapid test to diagnose asthma

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 5 dicembre 2019

Asthma is one of the most common respiratory diseases worldwide, affecting more than 235 million patients. It is often more difficult to diagnose in children than in adults. An early diagnosis is especially important for children as to prevent severe attacks of the disease. A team of researchers at the Fraunhofer Research Institution for Marine Biotechnology and Cell Technology EMB has joined forces with some high-tech companies to develop a rapid test that requires only a drop of blood to diagnose asthma. To do this, the partners use machine learning.The transition to a new energy economy is imminent. However, representatives of small communities are often unable to envision exactly what is the best solution for them due to missing resources and know-how. Solar power, photovoltaics or geothermal? What is suitable for a community and to which percentage could each technology contribute to the community’s energy needs? Are there any funding opportunities available? Researchers of the Advanced System Technology Branch of the Fraunhofer Institute for Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation IOSB-AST have developed a software tool which analyzes the needs and opportunities for a special community. The optimization tool is one of the major outcomes of the project “Technological and Economic Energy Modeling – modTRAIL”. “With our project, mayors of smaller communities can learn about technical possibilities available for the transition into a new energy economy and corresponding opportunities for funding – and the information they receive is tailored specifically to their community,” says Liane Rublack, scientist at Fraunhofer IOBS-AST. “The tool uses a mixture of conventional and renewable energy sources to calculate the optimized solution for the heat and electricity generation of the community.” In four model municipalities located in the German federal state of Thuringia with fewer than ten thousand inhabitants – namely, Kahla, Werther, Neumark and Großobringen – the researchers are already testing the tool. The procedure for decision-makers in the communities is the following: At first they have to insert the name of their municipality, whereupon they receive details about the electricity and heating demand in their locality. Afterwards, they specify their preferences for future power and heating supply. What technologies would they like to use, and which ones would they prefer to rule out? There are numerous options to choose from, including solar and wind power, battery and thermal storage units, condensing oil and gas boilers, air heat pumps and geothermal heat pumps. The tool also elicits the decision-makers’ preferences regarding other factors. Is minimizing CO2 the top priority? Or are the costs of purchasing the energy more important? Based on this priorization, the software tool determines the mixture of energy and power plants. For example, this might be a combination of photovoltaic plants, battery and thermal storage systems, and combined heat and power plants. The output also includes the costs for installation and operation, the energy procurement costs, the amount of CO2 emissions, and the funding possibilities available.“With our optimization tool, we want to start the process and show the mayors of small communities the potential offered by renewable energy sources for their municipalities,” explains Rublack. The researchers from Fraunhofer IOSB-AST used standard load profiles for households as well as the time series for renewable energy sources recorded by the German Meteorological Service – in this case, by the Thuringia weather station at Erfurt-Weimar for their software tool. For communities in Thuringia with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, the necessary data is already stored in the system. Nevertheless, the tool can also be used in other German states with the corresponding data.The developed optimization model is an integral part of the online software of the “Transformation in Rural Areas” (TRAIL) joint research project. The specific goal of the project is to motivate a large number of smaller communities to engage fully with the questions of efficient energy supply by the help of the easy-to-use optimization tool. In particular, it lowers the barriers for the communities to start, which are due to limited human and financial resources. An online software tool was developed which generates initial statements about electricity and heating consumption of the community chiefly based on publicly available GIS data and census data and further existing data-bases. Furthermore, the optimization part generates recommendations for the energy transistion procedure of the specific community.

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Allergy and Asthma – double trouble

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 31 ottobre 2014

allergic reactionsZurich, Switzerland, Allergy is a public health problem of pandemic proportions that affects more than 150 million people in Europe. According to experts, 1 out of every 3 children has an allergy and they expect the disease to affect more than 50% of all Europeans in 10 years’ time.The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) has launched an awareness campaign (www.bewareofallergy.com) to help the society to better understand how allergy sufferers feel, how profound allergy impacts quality of life, how severe and costly the diseases can become and how important it is to diagnose early and better manage this disease. By focusing on education for allergy prevention, early diagnosis and correct management, EAACI hopes to help patients and their families to better control their allergy and improve their quality of life and to increase the resources allocated by the society to manage the allergy epidemic.The campaign will roll out through 2014-2015 and will highlight different types of allergies such as: asthma, food allergy and anaphylaxis, allergic rhinitis, allergen immunotherapy (AIT) and skin allergy. The first wave of the campaign focuses on asthma as a major allergic disease with the aim to increase awareness on how close allergy and asthma are linked.Asthma is one of the most common chronic disorders; it affects 300 million patients around the world of all ages and is a serious challenge to public health. It affects profoundly the school and work performance of the patients.Asthma prevalence and impact are particularly on the rise in urbanized regions, associated with environmental and lifestyle changes. With a projected surge in the world’s urban population by 2025 it is estimated that a further 100 million people will suffer from asthma, adding to the number of current sufferers. This will represent the most prevalent chronic childhood disease and result in one of the highest causes of health care costs.The reasons behind asthma are not well understood, however people with allergic rhinitis, atopic eczema, food allergy and those who have asthma running in the family are at risk of developing asthma. This position is also supported by the European Commission: “In many people, asthma appears to be an allergic reaction to substances commonly breathed in through the air, such as animal dander, pollen, or dust mite and cockroach waste products”.There are several other arguments to support the relation between allergy and asthma:
many patients are aware of allergic triggers for their asthma (house dust mites, animal dander, molds)
atopic eczema is often the first sign that the child has an atopic phenotype and may develop rhinitis and asthma when they grow up childhood wheeze often develops into asthma if an allergic background is present. 75% of adults with asthma have allergic rhinitis 50% of people with allergic rhinitis have asthma treating rhinitis may improve asthma symptoms, especially cough You may have asthma if you experience recurrent episodes of coughing, wheezing (noisy breathing), breathlessness and chest tightness. The complaints may be triggered by colds, exposure to cigarette smoke, air pollution and/or allergens such as house dust mites, grass pollens, animal dander, mold, etc. Because allergens are everywhere, it’s important that people with allergic asthma identify their triggers and learn how to prevent a crisis.Optimal asthma control is the goal of asthma management. Controlled asthma means no daily or nighttime symptoms, not missing school or work, good capacity to exercise and no asthma crisis leading you to the hospital. The important thing is to recognize and treat the disease.The majority of people with asthma can be controlled by environmental measures and asthma medications. Many good asthma treatments are available but the control of allergic triggers and associated allergic diseases, such as allergic rhinitis, is an essential step in gaining asthma control. Testing for allergies is thus recommended to get your asthma under better control. Given the strong relation between atopy and asthma tolerance, induction to indoor allergens is a promising strategy for asthma prevention.
The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is a non-profit organisation active in the field of allergic and immunologic diseases such as asthma, rhinitis, eczema, occupational allergy, food and drug allergy, and anaphylaxis. EAACI was founded in 1956 in Florence and has become the largest medical association in Europe in the field of allergy and clinical immunology. It includes over 8,000 members from 121 countries, as well as 47 National Allergy Societies. (www.eaaci.org)

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Breastfeeding reduces the risk of suffering allergy

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 13 ottobre 2011

Hives on DLdoubleE's back from an allergic rea...

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Barcelona/Zurich, Today, about one in four European children suffer from allergy, which makes this disease the non-infectious epidemic of the 21st century.Evidence suggests that lifestyle factors and nutritional patterns, such as breastfeeding, help to reduce the early symptoms of allergy. The detection and reduction of the early causes of childhood allergy is the major topic at the 2nd EAACI Pediatric Allergy and Asthma Meeting (PAAM 2011) that opens today in Barcelona.There is no doubt that the exposure to allergens, both in food and the environment, play a role though the exact significance of dose and timing is not yet fully defined. According to Prof. Halken,PAAM 2011 Chair “there are some hypotheses suggesting that specific lifestyle and nutritional patterns may lead to early symptoms of allergy. For example, breastfeeding for the first 4-6 months has been showed to reduce the risk for atopic eczema and cow’s milk protein allergy”. The development of allergy is a result of a complex interaction between genetic and many environmental factors that may protect against or promote its development. Factors such as pollution have also been linked to the increased prevalence of allergic diseases during childhood in developed countries.
The expression of allergic disease may vary with age, and some symptoms may disappear being replaced by other symptoms. As Prof. Halken says, “infants typically experience atopic dermatitis, gastrointestinal symptoms and recurrent wheezing, whereas bronchial asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis are the main allergic symptoms in childhood”. In that sense, allergic reactions to foods, mainly cow’s milk protein, are the commonest manifestation in the first years of life, whereas allergy to inhalant agents mostly occurs later in childhood.
EAACI – The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology is a non-profit organisation active in the field of allergic and immunologic diseases such as asthma, rhinitis, eczema, occupational allergy, food and drug allergy and anaphylaxis. EAACI was founded in 1956 in Florence and has become the largest medical association in Europe in the field of allergy and clinical immunology. It includes over 6’800 members from 107 countries, as well as 41 National Allergy Societies. Throughout 2011, EAACI will develop different activities to celebrate the 100th anniversary of immunotherapy in Allergy, which will aim at increasing the knowledge in this field among healthcare professionals, increase awareness in the general population, and finally, promote the availability of immunotherapy for allergic patients.

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