Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 301

Posts Tagged ‘criminal’

Fighting crime: faster EU-wide exchange of non-EU nationals’ criminal records

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 17 marzo 2019

The new centralised database will improve the exchange of information in regard to criminal records of non-EU nationals, throughout the EU, contributing to the EU’s fight against cross-border crime and terrorism.The new ECRIS Third Country National (ECRIS-TCN) system will:Enable national authorities to quickly establish whether any EU member state holds criminal records on a non-EU citizen,Include data on dual nationals, who possess the nationality of a third country and of an EU country to ensure that individuals cannot hide past convictions simply by virtue of having two passports. The Parliament and Council negotiators have agreed that Europol, Eurojust and the future European Public Prosecutor’s Office will also have access to ECRIS and the Third Country National system, in addition to judges and prosecutors in EU countries.
The new rules have already been agreed upon by the Parliament and Council negotiators in December, but still require the formal approval of the Council. ECRIS was put in place in 2012 to exchange information on criminal convictions in the EU. However, using the current system to check the criminal records of a non-EU citizen is inefficient. According to the European Commission, in 2014 national authorities used less than five percent of information available in other countries’ criminal records in the conviction cases of third country nationals.

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Deal on faster exchange of non-EU nationals’ criminal records

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 13 dicembre 2018

Plans to create an EU database to enable EU countries to exchange non-EU citizens’ criminal records faster, were informally agreed with Council negotiators on Tuesday.Currently, national authorities often rely solely on data on non-EU nationals’ convictions available from their own national criminal record systems. The new centralised database on third country nationals will improve the exchange of information on non-EU nationals’ criminal records throughout the EU and contribute to the EU-wide fight against cross-border crime and terrorismThe database will complement the European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS), which EU countries already use to exchange information on EU citizens’ previous convictions.The new ECRIS Third Country National (ECRIS-TCN) system, will:
enable national authorities to establish quickly whether any EU member state holds criminal records on a non-EU citizen,
contain data such as names, addresses, fingerprints and facial images (which, however, may only be used to confirm the identity of a non-EU national who has been identified based on other data), and
Parliament and Council negotiators agreed that in addition to judges and prosecutors in EU countries, Europol, Eurojust and the future European Public Prosecutor’s Office will also have access to ECRIS and the Third Country National system.
The ECRIS-TCN system will also include data on dual nationals who possess the nationality of a third country and of an EU country to ensure that the system is completely reliable and that individuals cannot deliberately hide past convictions simply by having two passports. The fingerprints of dual nationals can only be included in the system if they have been collected in accordance with national law during a criminal proceeding. Furthermore, MEPs managed to ensure that the benefits of including dual nationals’ information in the ECRIS-TCN will be assessed in the near future.

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Fight against terror: Planning terrorist acts must be criminalised, Civil Liberties MEPs say

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 6 luglio 2016

terroristiTravelling abroad for terrorist purposes, training or being trained, incitement to terrorism or financing of terrorist activities must be criminalised in all EU member states. In a vote on Monday night, ahead of upcoming talks with the Council on the proposal for a new counter-terrorism directive, MEPs also stressed the need to protect and assist victims, especially across borders.
The amendments, prepared by lead MEP Monika Hohlmeier (EPP, DE), were passed by the Civil Liberties Committee with 41 votes to 10, with 4 abstentions.Rapporteur Hohlmeier will give a press conference on Tuesday morning at 9.30am in Parliament’s press briefing room in Strasbourg on the outcome of the vote. The proposal for the Counter-terrorism directive was presented by the Commission on 2 December 2015 in the wake of the November Paris attacks and is considered a key tool in the joint fight to prevent terrorism.

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Fighting terrorism: share criminal records of non-EU nationals, too, urge MEPs

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 31 Mag 2016

europolThe European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS), which EU countries use to exchange information on the criminal convictions of EU citizens, should be extended to include non-EU nationals, Civil Liberties Committee MEPs said on Monday. MEPs also want the system to be used to check the criminal records of people seeking to work with children.The committee backed an EU Commission proposal to expand the ECRIS system to include information, of non-EU citizens by 45 votes to 2, with 4 abstentions. The new directive is a key measure under the European Agenda on Security and an important tool for fighting cross-border crime and terrorism.
“We need to restore public confidence that we are able to monitor who comes into the EU, and to find people who could represent a threat. Checking people against our existing criminal records databases, and making exchanging that information much easier, will go a long way towards showing that we can find those people who mean us harm, amongst the vast majority who do not”, said Parliament’s lead MEP on the file Timothy Kirkhope (ECR, UK), following the vote.MEPs also stress that member states should be able to use the ECRIS system to pass on information relating to terrorist offences or serious crime received bilaterally from a third country. Furthermore, they want the EU’s police cooperation agency Europol and border agency Frontex to be able to access the database, upon request and case by case, to perform their tasks.
Employers should also be able to request information about a person’s criminal convictions or any disqualifications arising from those convictions when recruiting him or her to a role involving “direct and regular contacts with children”, MEPs say. They add that member states should endeavour to provide similar safeguards with regard to persons who intend to work with disabled or elderly persons.
After the vote on the draft report, the committee gave the rapporteur a mandate to start three-way talks with member states and Commission.

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Refugees: MEPs call for humanitarian response and overhaul of asylum rules

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 8 ottobre 2015

turchia-ist3The new scheme to relocate asylum seekers from Greece and Italy to other EU member states, dialogue with Turkey on cooperation to stem and manage migration flows, and budget measures to respond to the unprecedented refugee crisis, were among the topics tackled in Tuesday morning’s debate with European Council President Donald Tusk and Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker on the outcome of the 23 September informal EU summit.
MEPs regretted the European Council’s apparent lack of ambition to tackle the most serious refugee crisis since World War II. Some advocated reforming the Dublin rules (for determining which member state is responsible for handling asylum applications), opening legal migration channels and fighting smugglers criminal networks. Measures such as strengthening controls at the EU’s external borders and identifying, registering and fingerprinting migrants at the “hotspots” were also addressed in the debate.
Humanitarian concern for refugees as winter draws nigh
The humanitarian situation of refugees within the EU and neighbouring countries was the focus of a second debate with Commission First Vice-President Frans Timmermans and Luxembourg’s minister for relations with the European Parliament during the Presidency of the Council of the EU, Nicolas Schmit.
“The tough period is now, we can expect to see an increase in refugee flows before we are fully into the winter months. This is also a time when difficult decisions have to be taken to ensure the ‘hotspots’ are fully implemented and the budget is made available for the very EU responses the Council has committed to”, said the Chair of the European Parliament’s Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee, responsible for migration and asylum, Claude Moraes (S&D, UK). (full statement)
Migration will also be high on the agenda of the Justice and Home Affairs Council on 8-9 October and of the next European summit on 15-16 October.
Parliament and Council to co-decide on migration and asylum rulesThe European Commission’s current proposals under the co-decision procedure, on which Parliament and Council legislate on an equal footing, are for:a permanent relocation mechanism for asylum seekers within the EU – rapporteur: Timothy Kirkhope (ECR, UK),an EU common list of safe countries of origin – rapporteur: Sylvie Guillaume (S&D, FR),changes to the Dublin rules for determining which member state is responsible for processing applications for international protection of unaccompanied minors – rapporteur: Cecilia Wikström (ALDE, SE),a review of the EU Visa Code, including provisions on humanitarian visas – rapporteur: Juan Fernando López Aguilar (S&D, ES),a legal migration measure on entry and living conditions for non-EU students and researchers – rapporteur: Cecilia Wikström (ALDE, SE), andthe “smart borders” package, including a proposal for an “entry-exit system” to prevent overstaying in the EU, and thus irregular migration – rapporteurs: Agustín Díaz de Mera (EPP, ES), for the entry-exit system, and Tanja Fajon (S&D, SL), for the registered traveller programme (the Commission is expected to present a new “smart borders” package in late 2015/early 2016).

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Hacking IT systems to become a criminal offence

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 28 marzo 2012

Cyber attacks on IT systems would become a criminal offence punishable by at least two years in prison throughout the EU under a draft law backed by the Civil Liberties Committee on Tuesday. Possessing or distributing hacking software and tools would also be an offence, and companies would be liable for cyber attacks committed for their benefit.The proposal, which would update existing EU legislation on cyber attacks, was approved with by 50 votes in favour, 1 against and 3 abstentions.
The proposal would establish harmonised penal sanctions against perpetrators of cyber attacks against an information system – for instance a network, database or website. Illegal access, interference or interception of data should be treated as a criminal offence, MEPs say.The maximum penalty to be imposed by Member States for these offences would be at least two years’ imprisonment, and at least five years where there are aggravating circumstances such as the use of a tool specifically designed to for large-scale (e.g. “botnet”) attacks, or attacks cause considerable damage (e.g. by disrupting system service), financial costs or loss of financial data.
Using another person’s electronic identity (e.g. by “spoofing” their IP address), to commit an attack, and causing prejudice to the rightful identity owner would also be an aggravating circumstance – for which MEPs say Member States must set a maximum penalty of at least three years.MEPs also propose tougher penalties if the attack is committed by a criminal organisation and/or if it targets critical infrastructure such as the IT systems of power plants or transport networks.
The proposal also targets tools used to commit offences: the production or sale of devices such as computer programs designed for cyber-attacks, or which find a computer password by which an information system can be accessed, would constitute criminal offences.
Legal persons would be liable for offences committed for their benefit (e.g. a company would be liable for hiring a hacker to get access to a competitor’s database), whether deliberately or through a lack of supervision. They would also face penalties such as exclusion for entitlement to public benefits or judicial winding-up.
To resist cross-border cyber-attacks, Member States need to ensure that their networks of national contact points are available round the clock, and can respond to urgent requests within a maximum of eight hours, says the text.
Large-scale cyber-attacks took place in Estonia in 2007 and Lithuania in 2008. In March 2009, public and private sector IT systems in more than 103 countries were attacked using a “zombie” network of compromised, infected computers.The Rapporteur aims for a political agreement between Parliament and Council on this Directive by the summer.In the Chair: Juan Fernando López Aguilar (S&D, ES)

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Criminal profiling

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 27 febbraio 2012

Come si costruisce un profilo psicologico Massimo Centini Collana Pensieri Felici 14×19 cm – 224 pagine – € 15,00 ISBN 978-88-7273-739-2 In libreria È proprio l’aspirazione al bello e al sacro della vita che ci spinge a cercare di capire che cosa possa indurre alcuni individui a compiere, contro altri esseri viventi, atti di ferocia ed efferata violenza, che in noi destano solo incredulità e orrore. Trovare il colpevole di un delitto per punirlo e per fermarlo prima che ne possa compiere altri, è lo scopo dell’indagine investigativa, che negli ultimi due secoli, grazie anche allo sviluppo di altre scienze e al non secondario contributo della letteratura poliziesca, è andata sempre più evolvendosi. Se ne ripercorrono qui le principali tappe, con particolare riferimento a uno dei suoi aspetti più significativi, quello psicologico: dai primi esordi con la fisiognomica e gli studi antropologici di Lombroso, alla fotografi a, alle impronte digitali, alle analisi del Dna, alle più sofisticate tecniche odierne, per riuscire a ricostruire il profilo psicologico del criminale a partire dal suo comportamento, dal modus operandi, che emerge dalle tracce sulla scena del crimine, dai reperti, dai dettagli. Alla fine di questo percorso di chiarificazione, si passa a prendere in esame i casi più importanti di delitti e omicidi avvenuti in Italia, che tanto hanno scosso l’opinione pubblica, lasciando anche spesso numerosi dubbi e misteri ancora irrisolti.
Massimo Centini, laureato in Antropologia Culturale presso la Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofi a dell’Università di Torino, ha lavorato a contratto con Università e Musei italiani e stranieri. Ha insegnato “Storia dell’Antropologia Criminale” ai master di Criminologia organizzati dal “Santo Spirito” di Roma e ai corsi organizzati da MUA – Movimento Universitario Altoatesino – di Bolzano. È autore di numerosi volumi editi da Xenia, tra i quali ricordiamo I serial killer e La criminologia. Comportamenti criminali e tecniche d’indagine.

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