Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 29 n° 299

Posts Tagged ‘democracy’

Greater democracy through mathematics

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 27 giugno 2017

munichMunich (TUM). For democratic elections to be fair, voting districts must have similar sizes. When populations shift, districts need to be redistributed – a complex and, in many countries, controversial task when political parties attempt to influence redistricting. Mathematicians at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a method that allows the efficient calculation of optimally sized voting districts.When constituents cast their vote for a candidate, they assume it carries the same weight as that of the others. Voting districts should thus be sized equally according to population. When populations change, boundaries need to be redrawn.For example, 34 political districts were redrawn for the upcoming parliamentary election in Germany – a complex task. In other countries, this process often results in major controversy. Political parties often engage in gerrymandering, to create districts with a disproportionately large number of own constituents. In the United States, for example, state governments frequently exert questionable influence when redrawing the boundaries of congressional districts.“An effective and neutral method for political district zoning, which sounds like an administrative problem, is actually of great significance from the perspective of democratic theory,” emphasizes Stefan Wurster, Professor of Policy Analysis at the Bavarian School of Public Policy at TUM. “The acceptance of democratic elections is in danger whenever parties or individuals gain an advantage out of the gate. The problem becomes particularly relevant when the allocation of parliamentary seats is determined by the number of direct mandates won. This is the case in majority election systems like in USA, Great Britain and France.”
Prof. Peter Gritzmann, head of the Chair of Applied Geometry and Discrete Mathematics at TUM, in collaboration with his staff member Fabian Klemm and his colleague Andreas Brieden, professor of statistics at the University of the German Federal Armed Forces, has developed a methodology that allows the optimal distribution of electoral district boundaries to be calculated in an efficient and, of course, politically neutral manner.
The mathematicians tested their methodology using electoral districts of the German parliament. According to the German Federal Electoral Act, the number of constituents in a district should not deviate more than 15 percent from the average. In cases where the deviation exceeds 25 percent, electoral district borders must be redrawn. In this case, the relevant election commission must adhere to various provisions: For example, districts must be contiguous and not cross state, county or municipal boundaries. The electoral districts are subdivided into precincts with one polling station each.
“There are more ways to consolidate communities to electoral districts than there are atoms in the known universe,” says Peter Gritzmann. “But, using our model, we can still find efficient solutions in which all districts have roughly equal numbers of constituents – and that in a ‘minimally invasive’ manner that requires no voter to switch precincts.”
Deviations of 0.3 to 8.7 percent from the average size of electoral districts cannot be avoided based solely on the different number of voters in individual states. But the new methodology achieves this optimum. “Our process comes close to the theoretical limit in every state, and we end up far below the 15 percent deviation allowed by law,” says Gritzmann.The researchers used a mathematical model developed in the working group to calculate the electoral districts: “Geometric clustering” groups the communities to clusters, the optimized electoral districts. The target definition for calculations can be arbitrarily modified, making the methodology applicable to many countries with different election laws.The methodology is also applicable to other types of problems: for example, in voluntary lease and utilization exchanges in agriculture, to determine adequate tariff groups for insurers or to model hybrid materials. “However, drawing electoral district boundaries is a very special application, because here mathematics can help strengthen democracies,” sums up Gritzmann.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) is one of Europe’s leading research universities, with more than 500 professors, around 10,000 academic and non-academic staff, and 40,000 students. Its focus areas are the engineering sciences, natural sciences, life sciences and medicine, combined with economic and social sciences.

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Why Israel needs a Palestinian state

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 22 maggio 2017

israelTHE victory of Israel over the Arab armies that encircled it in 1967 was so swift and absolute that, many Jews thought, the divine hand must have tipped the scales. Before the six-day war Israel had feared another Holocaust; thereafter it became an empire of sorts. Awestruck, the Jews took the holy sites of Jerusalem and the places of their biblical stories. But the land came with many Palestinians whom Israel could neither expel nor absorb. Was Providence smiling on Israel, or testing it?For the past 50 years, Israel has tried to have it both ways: taking the land by planting Jewish settlements on it; and keeping the Palestinians unenfranchised under military occupation, denied either their own state or political equality within Israel (see our special report in this issue). Palestinians have damaged their cause through decades of indiscriminate violence. Yet their dispossession is a reproach to Israel, which is by far the stronger party and claims to be a model democracy.
Israel’s “temporary” occupation has endured for half a century. The peace process that created “interim” Palestinian autonomy, due to last just five years before a final deal, has dragged on for more than 20. A Palestinian state is long overdue. Rather than resist it, Israel should be the foremost champion of the future Palestine that will be its neighbour. This is not because the intractable conflict is the worst in the Middle East or, as many once thought, the central cause of regional instability: the carnage of the civil wars in Syria, Iraq and elsewhere disproves such notions. The reason Israel must let the Palestinian people go is to preserve its own democracy.
Unexpectedly, there may be a new opportunity to make peace: Donald Trump wants to secure “the ultimate deal” and is due to visit the Holy Land on May 22nd, during his first foreign trip. The Israeli prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, appears as nervous as the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, seems upbeat. Mr Trump has, rightly, urged Israel to curb settlement-building. Israel wants him to keep his promise to move the American embassy to Jerusalem. He should hold off until he is ready to go really big: recognise Palestine at the same time and open a second embassy in Jerusalem to talk to it.The outlines of peace are well known. Palestinians would accept the Jewish state born from the war of 1947-48 (made up of about three-quarters of the British mandate of Palestine). In return, Israel would allow the creation of a Palestinian state in the remaining lands it occupied in 1967 (about one-quarter). Parcels could be swapped to take in the main settlements, and Jerusalem would have to be shared. Palestinian refugees would return mostly to their new state, not Israel.The fact that such a deal is familiar does not make it likely. Mr Netanyahu and Mr Abbas will probably string out the process—and try to ensure the other gets blamed for failure. Distracted by scandals, Mr Trump may lose interest; Mr Netanyahu may lose power (he faces several police investigations); and Mr Abbas may die (he is 82 and a smoker). The limbo of semi-war and semi-peace is, sadly, a tolerable option for both.Nevertheless, the creation of a Palestinian state is the second half of the world’s promise, still unredeemed, to split British-era Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state. Since the six-day war, Israel has been willing to swap land for peace, notably when it returned Sinai to Egypt in 1982. But the conquests of East Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip were different. They lie at the heart of Israelis’ and Palestinians’ rival histories, and add the intransigence of religion to a nationalist conflict. Early Zionist leaders accepted partition grudgingly; Arab ones tragically rejected it outright. In 1988 the gerusalemmePalestine Liberation Organisation accepted a state on part of the land, but Israeli leaders resisted the idea until 2000. Mr Netanyahu himself spoke of a (limited) Palestinian state only in 2009.Another reason for the failure to get two states is violence. Extremists on both sides set out to destroy the Oslo accords of 1993, the first step to a deal. The Palestinian uprising in 2000-05 was searing. Wars after Israel’s unilateral withdrawal from Lebanon in 2000 and Gaza in 2005 made everything worse. As blood flowed, the vital ingredient of peace—trust—died.Most Israelis are in no rush to try offering land for peace again. Their security has improved, the economy is booming and Arab states are courting Israel for intelligence on terrorists and an alliance against Iran. The Palestinians are weak and divided, and might not be able to make a deal. Mr Abbas, though moderate, is unpopular; and he lost Gaza to his Islamist rivals, Hamas. What if Hamas also takes over the West Bank?All this makes for a dangerous complacency: that, although the conflict cannot be solved, it can be managed indefinitely. Yet the never-ending subjugation of Palestinians will erode Israel’s standing abroad and damage its democracy at home. Its politics are turning towards ethno-religious chauvinism, seeking to marginalise Arabs and Jewish leftists, including human-rights groups. The government objected even to a novel about a Jewish-Arab love affair. As Israel grows wealthier, the immiseration of Palestinians becomes more disturbing. Its predicament grows more acute as the number of Palestinians between the Jordan river and the Mediterranean catches up with that of Jews. Israel cannot hold on to all of the “Land of Israel”, keep its predominantly Jewish identity and remain a proper democracy. To save democracy, and prevent a slide to racism or even apartheid, it has to give up the occupied lands.Thus, if Mr Abbas’s Palestinian Authority (PA) is weak, then Israel needs to build it up, not undermine it. Without progress to a state, the PA cannot maintain security co-operation with Israel for ever; nor can it regain its credibility. Israel should let Palestinians move more freely and remove all barriers to their goods (a freer market would make Israel richer, too). It should let the PA expand beyond its ink-spots. Israel should voluntarily halt all settlements, at least beyond its security barrier.Israel is too strong for a Palestinian state to threaten its existence. In fact, such a state is vital to its future. Only when Palestine is born will Israel complete the victory of 1967. (font: The Economist)

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

A genuine European Union to ensure welfare, security and democracy

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 21 marzo 2017

European UnionRoma Venerdì 24 Marzo 2017, ore 14:30 Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche, Aula Magna Via G. Chiabrera, 199. Convention: “A genuine European Union to ensure welfare, security and democracy” Following a Manifesto of more than 300 European intellectuals and academics, the Convention aims to frankly and openly discuss the perspectives to concretely and urgently relaunch the European integration process, trying also to share a common strategy with institutional actors, in view of binding commitments that should be taken during the celebrations of the 60th Anniversary of the Rome Treaties, on March 25.
https://scienzepolitiche.uniroma3.it/fmasini

Posted in Roma/about Rome, Università/University | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

MEPs call for EU democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights watchdog

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 26 ottobre 2016

European UnionTo end the current “crisis-driven” approach to perceived breaches of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights in EU member states, the EU Commission should set up a binding EU mechanism to monitor and report annually on their records in these fields, say MEPs in a resolution passed on Tuesday. This mechanism should include objective benchmarks and lay down a gradual approach to remedying breaches, they add.“We have provided the European Union with the instruments to enforce all the other policy areas – competition policies, police and justice cooperation, foreign policies (…), but our core values are not protected by instruments that are sufficiently strong to make sure that the values are upheld throughout the European Union”, said lead MEP Sophie in’t Veld (ALDE, NL), in the debate ahead of the vote. Her legislative initiative was passed by 505 votes to 171, with 39 abstentions.The new EU mechanism should ensure that all EU member states respect the values enshrined in the EU treaties and set clear, evidence-based and non-political criteria for assessing their records on democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF) in a systematic way and on an equal footing, says the resolution text.Parliament’s proposal for an EU mechanism on DRF aims to incorporate existing DRF tools in a single instrument and ensure that they are used to the full. It also aims to bridge the apparent gap between DRF monitoring in EU candidate countries and the lack of effective tools vis-à-vis those that are already EU member states. Finally, it provides for regular DRF debates in the EU institutions and national parliaments.Parliament asks the Commission to present a proposal by September 2017 for a Union Pact for Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental Rights in the form of an inter-institutional agreement aligning and complementing existing mechanisms. The Commission will have to give a reasoned reply to Parliament’s request.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics, Uncategorized | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Civil liberties MEPs call for better monitoring of democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights in the EU

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 5 ottobre 2016

giustizia europeaA binding EU mechanism, based on objective, evidence based and non-political criteria, should be set up to monitor the state of democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights in EU member states on an annual basis said Civil Liberties MEPs in a report voted on Monday night. They call on the European Commission to submit a proposal by September 2017.The new mechanism would be designed to ensure that the values enshrined in the EU Treaties are respected throughout the Union. “Recent cases in different member states have shown there is a need for stronger and more objective tools for the enforcement of agreed rules and standards”, says lead MEP Sophie In’t Veld (ALDE, NL).“Instead of responding to incidents, we need to put in place a systematic mechanism to ensure the respect for democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights in all member states and EU institutions, fostering a culture of democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights”, she adds.
Whereas “failure of a candidate country to meet the required standards, values and democratic principles” results in a delay in accession to the Union, the failure of a member state to meet these same standards “has little consequence in practice”, the draft report says.
To remedy this shortcoming, the new mechanism would establish a policy cycle and a monitoring mechanism, similar to the model known from the Economic Semester.The European Commission should on an annual basis, and in consultation of a panel of experts, draw up an assessment report which also looks at possible risks, breaches and violations and gives country specific recommendations.This report would be made public and serve as a basis for an inter-parliamentary debate. If a member state falls short of fulfilling one or more of the benchmarks set, the Commission should immediately start a dialogue with the country and may also decide to launch a “systemic infringement” action under article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union and Article 258 TFEU, explains the text. The mechanism will also set clear benchmarks on when article 7 should be invoked.
The legislative initiative report on the establishment of an EU mechanism on democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights is scheduled for a plenary vote in Strasbourg at the end of October. The European Commission will have to give a reasoned response to the proposal once approved by the European Parliament.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

The right of every American to have a voice at the ballot box is fundamental to our democracy

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 9 agosto 2016

But, before President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into law 51 years ago today, practices such as literacy tests, poll taxes, and threats of physical violence were commonly used to disenfranchise minority voters in states all over the country.
In the decades since President Johnson’s actions, which were brought on by the tireless advocacy of thousands of freedom fighters like congresso stati uniti, Jr., John Lewis, and so many others who stood up for what was right, our country has taken many steps forward. And until the Supreme Court gutted the VRA in 2013, the concept of making our voting process more accessible and inclusive was considered a bipartisan effort — supported by Democratic and Republican presidents all the way up to President George W. Bush.
But now (as we’ve seen in states like Ohio, Kansas, North Carolina, and Wisconsin), today’s Republican Party has become more vested in making it harder to vote than they should be in protecting that right.Whether it’s by cutting early vote hours, getting rid of same-day registration, or requiring photo ID cards to vote, Republican-led statehouses have used the Supreme Court’s decision as justification to rush through these sorts of laws — sometimes in the dead of night — which disproportionately impact women, communities of color, working families, students, veterans, and the elderly. In recent weeks, state and federal courts have begun to catch on to the Republicans’ ultimate plan — to make it more difficult for Americans to vote — and in many cases have ruled these state voting restrictions unconstitutional. But the simple truth is that these ridiculously discriminatory laws should never have been on the books in the first place.

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | 1 Comment »

Mini-hearing on Monitoring Democracy

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 9 dicembre 2015

european commissionThis mini-hearing is organised in the framework of the preparatory process for the Civil Liberties Committee own-initiative legislative report (under Article 225 TFEU) on “the establishment of an EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights” as a follow-up to the Parliament’s resolution of 10 June 2015 on the situation in Hungary, in which the EP mandated the Civil Liberties Committee to “contribute to the development and elaboration” of a future Commission proposal on such a mechanism.The mini-hearing will be opened by the Chair of the Civil Liberties Committee, Claude Moraes (S&D, UK), and by the rapporteur on the legislative own-initiative report on a mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights, Sophie in’t Veld (ALDE, NL). Under Article 225 TFEU, “(t)he European Parliament may, acting by a majority of its component Members, request the Commission to submit any appropriate proposal on matters on which it considers that a Union act is required for the purpose of implementing the Treaties. (…)”

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: | Leave a Comment »

Free press and the flourishing of democracy: Joint WACC Europe-CEC statement on World Press Freedom Day

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 5 maggio 2015

World Press Freedom DayFor a generation, World Press Freedom Day has been celebrated around the world on 3 May as an opportunity to honour journalists who have died in the line of work, and also defend and work for press freedom. On this occasion, the Conference of European Churches (CEC) and the World Association for Christian Communication (Europe) (WACC Europe) join in these celebrations and express their commitment to a free press in Europe and beyond.Independent media representing a diversity of perspectives is essential for the flourishing of democracy. Transparency and flow of information provided by the press contributes to good governance, just electoral processes, and empowerment of people represented by democratic governments.Journalism also encourages essential debate across an increasing number of platforms. Social media and citizen journalism now join traditional outlets in investigating and analysing all facets of life. Many issues undertaken by journalists serve the upholding of human rights in both local and global contexts.The current situation in Europe is diverse and precarious. Some countries consistently demonstrate a high degree of press freedom, while others struggle with government interference in the media, the conglomeration of media outlets, and the manipulation of regulatory bodies. Some countries experience significant mergers, newsroom closures, and loss of media independence.On this day CEC and WACC Europe call for renewed commitment and action toward:Ensuring the personal safety of journalists working in areas of conflict and unres Promoting cultural and legislative environments where free and pluralistic press may flourish Encouraging press in Europe to use their freedom courageously and judiciously “The churches of Europe have a vital role to play in creating and sustaining democratic societies,” remarks CEC General Secretary Guy Liagre, “this includes promoting and protecting a free, independent, and pluralistic press.”Stephen Brown, president of WACC Europe, said, “Media pluralism and diversity are essential elements of press freedom and of democratic and representative societies, and we look to the European institutions to uphold and preserve such pluralism and diversity. “Freedom of expression and the right to information and communication are human rights and need to be recognized as such.” CEC and WACC Europe will continue to hold in prayer journalists in prison and facing challenges to their personal safety wherever they are for their commitment to the free exercise of their profession.

Posted in Cronaca/News, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Local and Regional Governments from all corners of the globe celebrate International Day of Democracy with view to Rabat

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 19 settembre 2013

Barcelona. United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) will celebrate, along with the international community, the International day of Democracy taking place just two weeks before the World Summit of Local and Regional Leaders. As representative body of self-governing and democratic local and regional governments, UCLG seeks to increase the role of these institutions situated closest to citizens in the construction of Democracy. In the framework of today’s celebration to “Reinforce the voices of Democracy”, UCLG is inviting the international community and its members and partners to “Imagine Society, Build Democracy” during the Second World Summit of Local and Regional Leaders and 4th UCLG Congress that will address this topic in Rabat, Morocco, from the 1st to the 4th of October.After one hundred years of the International Municipal Movement, this Summit will be a turning point in re-affirming the agenda of cities in the 21st century, building and reinforcing Democracy with the involvement of local and regional authorities in the work that has been initiated on the future of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) post 2015 and on the definition of the new global urban agenda in the framework of Habitat III, in 2016. Local Democracy is vital for democratic development. In the words of Roger B. Myerson, winner of the Nobel prize for Economy: “It is not enough to concentrate exclusively on national leaders; local leadership is essential. The economic Investments depend on local security and other public services depend on local government agents.” Myerson will participate in the Summit, together with other renowned speakers and over 3,000 local, regional, national and international political figures from over 100 countries as well as the international organizations, civil society partners and the public and private sectors.The Summit will feature debates on how to foster wellbeing, managing diversity, new governance and the dynamics of change and solidarity among territories. The conclusions from the debates and plenaries in Rabat will be decisive in defining the shared position of local and regional level governments before their citizens and the rest of the international community.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Greece: Termination of Democracy

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 14 febbraio 2012

(Press release World without wars in Greece) We were present in one of the biggest demonstrations of the last 30 years. Thousands of people gathered early in the afternoon at Sintagma square and spread around covering the city center. Our members were present in Athens and also in several big cities. Concerning Athens,
we condemn the police operation aiming at keeping the crowd as far away as possible from Sintagma square and the Parliament building using chemicals with no reason at all,
we condemn all violent actions provoked by riot groups and the police response to them. This is their war, not ours,
we condemn the wounded majority inside the Parliament who, regardless of what was happening outside the Parliament, kept on voting the second Agreement (Mnimonio 2),
we condemn the reality’s distortion by the traditional Mass media, that were talking about 20.000-30.000 of people on the streets, wereas we witnessed a huge peaceful crowd resisting police attacks only by remaining in it’s place. The most conservative estimations talk about 700.000 people.
It’s obvious that everybody who is involved in this galloping wave of violence that runs through Greece (the police, the riot groups and members of the parliament) will finally have to face the healthy part of the society. It’s also obvious that the members of the state, who keep on breaking institutions, don’t even seem to care how history will treat them. However we will not contempt our own lives. We seek different ways of resistance, as massive as this demonstration was, but more effective ones and with no sign of violence at all. We will definitely find them.

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

“Democracy and Development”

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 20 agosto 2011

Flight over Manhattan, New York City

Image by meironke via Flickr

New York The New York Office of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research and the United Nations Democracy Fund are pleased to announce the launch of a panel on “Democracy and Development”, on Thursday, 1 September, from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., at United Nations Headquarters in New York. This panel, intended for members of Permanent Missions to the United Nations in New York, will explore the links between democracy and development and ask whether democracy is a necessary element for economic development. This is a vast and complex issue where political rhetoric often supplants rational analysis. The objective of the panel is to eschew the rhetoric and concentrate on the analysis. In his guidance note on democracy, the Secretary-General makes the point that “development is more likely to take hold if people are given a genuine say in their own governance and a chance to share in the fruits of progress”. The issue will be investigated from both theoretical and case study approaches. There are in fact two massive ongoing case studies, which are the differing paths to development adopted by China and India. Both have enjoyed success, and it will be important to draw the lessons from these cases. The panel has distinguished commentators who will no doubt spark a lively debate. The panellists are Zhang Dan, Counsellor at the Permanent Mission China to the United Nations; Morton H. Halperin, a former United States diplomat and senior adviser to the Open Society Foundations, who co-wrote a book entitled The Democracy Advantage: How Democracies Promote Prosperity and Peace; and Roland Rich, a former Australian diplomat and current Executive Head of the United Nations Democracy Fund, whose most recent publication is Pacific Asia in Quest of Democracy. Yvonne Lodico, Head of the New York Office of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and former Special Adviser in Timor-Leste for democratic governance, will co-chair the panel discussion. The event should lead to understanding among the participants of the linkages between democracy and development and enable them to analyse the possible effects of different governance systems on economic development. http://www.un.org/democracyfund.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Will Egypt become a democracy?

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 5 febbraio 2011

The Economist yesterday launches an online debate about Egypt’s future with the motion “This house believes that Egypt will become a democracy within a year.” The debate will run from February 4th until February 10th 2011 at http://www.economist.com/debate.  As the protests that have rocked Egypt for over a week continue, it is unclear what the future holds for the Arabs’ mightiest country. Will the regime crack down fiercely on its opponents to keep Egypt’s president, Hosni Mubarak, and his cadre in power? Will Mr Mubarak listen to the demands of the protesters and step down immediately? Even if he does, what will that mean for Egypt?  A debate is raging not just in Arab countries but all over the world about whether democracy in Egypt is possible or even desirable. Will Egypt embrace democracy in the next year? Will autocracy prevail? Or will Egypt descend into chaos? Defending the proposition is Anoush Eheshami, professor of international relations, Durham University and joint director, ESRC-Centre for the Advanced Study of the Arab World.  Contesting the motion is Daniel Pipes, director, Middle East Forum and Taube distinguished visiting fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University. The debate will be moderated by Josie Delap, Middle East and Africa editor, The Economist online. The Economist Debate Series is an open community forum – no paid subscription is necessary and anyone can participate.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

For Democracy and Conflict Resolution

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 17 ottobre 2010

World-renowned architect Daniel Libeskind has been chosen to design a landmark building in the UK to house a new international institute working towards democracy and conflict resolution around the globe. The new Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution (IDCR) at the University of Essex will build on the University’s 40 years of practical and academic expertise in the field of human rights, justice and governance, and become an international beacon for democracy.
It will be the largest purpose-built institute for independent research and policy analysis in these areas, drawing on Essex’s experience as the top ranked University in the UK for social science research.
Daniel Libeskind, who won the competition to design the master plan for the new World Trade Center site in New York, has designed the Jewish Museum in Berlin, the Imperial War Museum North in Manchester, and the Danish Jewish Museum in Copenhagen. He received a Master’s degree in the history and theory of architecture at the University of Essex in the 1970s.
Daniel and his wife Nina Libeskind have a passionate interest in work which promotes democracy and conflict resolution, and have pledged their support to the University’s fundraising campaign for the Institute. Professor Todd Landman, Director of the IDCR, said: “The focus of this newly-formed Institute will be unique in combining rigorous social scientific research and policy analysis with practical experience and attention to democracy, human rights and justice. “We are delighted that Daniel Libeskind has been chosen to design the iconic building we need to expand and develop our embryonic work. The building will evoke a powerful reaction from visitors, while conveying the seriousness and purpose of an international institute.”
Experts from the University of Essex have held a number of key positions in the United Nations including the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health, senior adviser to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, and member of the UN Human Rights Committee. The University’s legal experts have conducted cases in Strasbourg, establishing far-reaching precedents that have shaped the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights. The University’s Human Rights Centre, which was awarded the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2010 for its work in advancing human rights, has trained more than 1,500 students from more than 100 countries. They too work for international organisations including the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and non-governmental organisations including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. Essex graduates also work in the field in conflict-torn countries including Bosnia, Kosovo, Nepal and Sudan. http://www.essex.ac.uk

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Municipal Elections in Vienna

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 10 ottobre 2010

In Vienna, Austria, 20,7 % of the population are not entitled to vote for the city council, because they are not Austrian citizens. In some districts of Vienna, almost 70% of the population cannot even vote for their district council, because they are not EU citizens. This massive exclusion from the polls has become a major problem for democracy. This deficit in Austrian democracy became a European problem in February 2000 when the extreme right Freedom party became part of the government. Since then, Austria has been setting the pace for the shift to the right throughout Europe. It is high time to repair democracy.
For the local elections on Sunday, 10 October, ENARA — the European Network Against Racism Austria — has launched a vote exchange campaign: the Wahlwexel (www.wahlwexel.at). The Wahlwexel gives the possibility to actually vote to people who are excluded from the polls. The principle is simple, easy, and legal. One person, who is entitled to enter the polling booth, passes the decision for whom to vote to a person who is not entitled to vote. This simple concept and campaign created quite a turbulence in Austria, where the right for immigrants to vote is stricty denied by the majority. The nationalist voices were helpless because Wahlwexel cannot be prohibited. The effect of the campaign was to raise awareness for the significant lack of democracy in the heart of Europe. A debate about democracy has been set in motion.
Next, the Wahlwexel campaign will be promoted on the European level with our partners in the European Network Against Racism. The age of the nation-state is over. We live in a globalised world. Therefore political institutions have to adapt to modern times or see the demise of no democracy. The right to vote cannot be restricted only to citizens any more, but has to become a right of all residents throughout Europe. The EU has already promoted the right to vote for residents on a local and regional level. This process of democratisation has to go on and reach national and supranational levels, because most important decisions are taken there. If the EU allows undemocratic systems excluding major parts of the population from political participation, it will fail in its attempt to bring peace, democracy and wealth to its members. Instead, racist hatred will prevail as can be seen in Austria and other European countries today. A movement by civil society against racism in Austria plays a crucial role for Europe.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Democracy of Europe

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 25 maggio 2010

The EU should increase the transparency and accountability of politicians and civil servants. This could be done through the development of a common code of conduct for public servants,  requiring the disclosure of personal assets and the criminal record of those who work in European and national institutions, reducing the legal immunity of policy makers and introducing  legislation on lobbying at national and European level. A Commissioner for Ethics or a European Integrity Ombudsman could be responsible for these actions. The EU administration should be made more efficient and less bureaucratic for instance by  increasing teleworking within EU institutions and using new technology for preparative work and  for meetings. It should decide on a single location for the European Parliament with fewer  Members of Parliament, an extended period of rotation of the EU Council Presidency and measures such as the reduction of travel costs by 50% or a reduction of Parliamentarians’ per  diem if their presence in the Parliament is below 75%. The EU should reduce the number of regulations and simplify all documents, for example by  rewriting the Lisbon Treaty as a single, self-contained and stand-alone summary document. The EU should work to make its political decisions more transparent and understandable to its  citizens. It should strengthen and widen the principle of public access to official records. It  should improve the information flow between citizens and the EU administration (media,  debates), initiate a comprehensive multimedia campaign to publicise ‘Europe Direct’ as an easy-access information portal about the EU. Websites, publications, booklets etc should deliver information on the EU. An interactive webpage where a panel of journalists selects and communicate subjects appealing broadly to people should be introduced.  The role of the European Parliament should be strengthened and it should be given the right to propose laws. The EU should mandate to member states the introduction of an obligatory European identity card. It would include a photo, personal data and country of citizenship, and would include in  electronic format medical data (optional) and fingerprints. The aim would be to thus provide greater security, certainty of identity and a tangible sign of belonging to the European community.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Conferenza di Sudipta Kaviraj

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 19 maggio 2010

Pavia 19 maggio alle 9,45 presso l’Aula Grande della Facoltà di Scienze Politiche dell’Università degli Studi di Pavia la “Bonacossa lecture 2010”, dedicata quest’anno al tema Democracy in India. Identity and Modern Politics il Prof. Sudipta Kaviraj tra i maggiori esperti politica asiatica, del colonialismo e post colonialismo, professore alla Columbia University  di New York, terrà una conferenza.
Sudipta Kaviraj (nato nel 1945) è uno studioso di politica sud Asiatica e storia del pensiero umano, associata al postcolonialismo e al post-imperialismo. Attualmente insegna alla Columbia University ed è direttore del dipartimento di lingue e culture asiatiche e mediorientali .   Sudipta Kaviraj si è laureato in Scienze Politiche presso il Presidency College dell’Università di Calcutta e ha conseguito il dottorato di ricerca alla Jawaharlal Nehru University di Nuova Delhi.  Prima di entrare alla Columbia University, ha insegnato Politica presso la Scuola di Studi Orientali e Africani all’Università di Londra ed è stato professore associato presso la  facoltà  di Scienze Politiche a JNU, New Delhi. Ha inoltre tenuto un Visiting Fellowship presso il St. Antony’s College, Oxford ed è stato membro fondatore del gruppo di  studiosi interessati al postcolonialismo e post- imperialismo del paesi sud-asiatici  in particolare e dei paesi in via di sviluppo in generale.

Posted in Cronaca/News, Università/University | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Letter from Barack Obama

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 17 giugno 2009

Dear Riccardo, Last year, millions of Americans came together for a great purpose. Folks like you assembled a grassroots movement that shocked the political establishment and changed the course of our nation. When Washington insiders counted us out, we put it all on the line and changed our democracy from the bottom up. But that’s not why we did it. The pundits told us it was impossible — that the donations working people could afford and the hours volunteers could give would never loosen the vise grip of big money and powerful special interests. We proved them wrong. But as important as that was, that’s not why we did it. Today, spiraling health care costs are pushing our families and businesses to the brink of ruin, while millions of Americans go without the care they desperately need. Fixing this broken system will be enormously difficult. But we can succeed. The chance to make fundamental change like this in people’s daily lives — that is why we did it. The campaign to pass real health care reform in 2009 is the biggest test of our movement since the election. Once again, victory is far from certain. Our opposition will be fierce, and they have been down this road before. To prevail, we must once more build a coast-to-coast operation ready to knock on doors, deploy volunteers, get out the facts, and show the world how real change happens in America. And just like before, I cannot do it without your support. So I’m asking you to remember all that you gave over the last two years to get us here — all the time, resources, and faith you invested as a down payment to earn us our place at this crossroads in history. All that you’ve done has led up to this — and whether or not our country takes the next crucial step depends on what you do right now. Sincerely, (President Barack Obama)

Posted in Estero/world news, Lettere al direttore/Letters to the publisher | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »