Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 34 n° 316

Posts Tagged ‘face’

The Economist this week: In a 3°C world, there is no safe place

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 25 luglio 2021

The ground under the German town of Erftstadt is torn apart like tissue paper by flood waters; Lytton in British Columbia is burned from the map just a day after setting a freakishly high temperature record; cars float like dead fish through the streets-turned-canals in the Chinese city of Zhengzhou. All the world feels at risk, and most of it is. Six years ago, in Paris, the countries of the world committed themselves to avoiding the worst of climate change by eliminating net greenhouse-gas emissions quickly enough to hold the temperature rise below 2°C. Their progress towards that end remains woefully inadequate. But even if their efforts increased dramatically enough to meet the 2°C goal, it would not stop forests from burning today; prairies would still dry out tomorrow, rivers break their banks and mountain glaciers disappear. And even if everyone manages to honour their pledges, there is still a risk that temperatures could eventually rise by 3°C above pre-industrial levels. Our cover this week explores what that means for the climate and for climate policy. Zanny Minton Beddoes Editor-In-Chief The economist

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Help small-scale farmers adapt to climate change or face increased hunger and migration, warns IFAD President

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 25 gennaio 2021

Rome. If investments to help rural small-scale farmers adapt to climate change do not substantially increase, we risk widespread hunger and global instability, warned Gilbert F. Houngbo, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), ahead of next week’s Climate Adaptation Summit. This follows a recent United Nations’ announcement that 2020 was one of the warmest years on record, with catastrophic temperature rises expected this century.“It is unacceptable that small-scale farmers who grow much of the world’s food are left at the mercy of unpredictable weather patterns, with such low investment to help them to adapt,” said Houngbo. “They do little to cause climate change, but suffer the most from its impacts. Their increasingly common crop failures and livestock deaths put our entire food system at risk. It is imperative that we ensure they remain on their land and sustainably produce nutritious food. If not, then hunger, poverty and migration will become even more widespread in the years to come.” In response, Houngbo will announce the launch of IFAD’s Enhanced Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP+) at the Climate Adaptation Summit on 26 January, alongside IFAD’s Goodwill Ambassadors Idris and Sabrina Elba who will discuss the topic with Alexander de Croo, Prime Minister of Belgium, and Dag Inge Ulstei, Norway’s Minister of International Development. Only 1.7 percent of global climate finance – a fraction of what is needed – goes to small-scale farmers in developing countries despite their disproportionate vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, according to a report released by IFAD at the end of 2020. ASAP+ intends to change this. It is envisioned to be the largest fund dedicated to channelling climate finance to small-scale producers. It aims to mobilise US$500 million to reduce climate change threats to food security, lower greenhouse gases and help more than 10 million people adapt to weather changes. Austria, Germany, Ireland and Qatar have already pledged commitments. ASAP+ will focus on low income countries that depend the most on agriculture and face the greatest challenges in terms of food insecurity, rural poverty and exposure to climate change. It aims to bring 4 million hectares of degraded land under climate resilient practices, and sequester around 110 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent over 20 years. It will also help countries achieve their nationally determined contributions set under the Paris agreement. Small-scale farming systems currently produce half of the world’s food calories, but are often entirely reliant on natural resources, including rain. As a result, they are at significant risk from increasing temperatures, erratic rainfall, pest infestations, rising sea levels, and extreme events such as floods, droughts, landslides, typhoons and heat waves.

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Metropolitan Regions: centres for countries’ economic growth which contribute to the objectives of cohesion policy but face key challenges

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 9 dicembre 2019

During the 137th European Committee of the Regions (CoR) Plenary, that took place on 4-5 December in Brussels, regional and local leaders delivered their recommendations for the preparation of the next generation of cohesion programmes, which set the basis for cohesion policy implementation for the 2021-2027 period. In the opinion on “The challenges of metropolitan regions and their position in the future Cohesion Policy post 2020”, drafted by Juraj Droba (SK/ECR), Chairman of Bratislava Self-Governing Region, the CoR called for increased recognition of the contribution of metropolitan regions (MRs) to the objectives of cohesion policy. The CoR also stresses that although MRS are seen as engines of Member States’ economies, they have to address economic, fiscal and territorial challenges, while at the same coping with an expanding demand for quality public services and limited financial resources.Metropolitan regions are seen as the engines of the Member States’ economies and centres of economic growth, however they are also a hub of research, innovation and creative potential. According to Eurostat, MRs are defined as NUTS3 regions or combinations of NUTS3 regions where at least half of the population lives in a functional urban area that has no fewer than 250 000 inhabitants. NUTS, Nomenclature of territorial units for statistic, is a hierarchical system of division of territory into regions. The OECD defines MRs in terms of function, whereby an urban centre with high population density and job opportunities is connected to the rest of the area by heavy daily commuting into it.This opinion drafted by the Rapporteur Juraj Droba (SK/ECR), points out that although metropolitan regions (MRs) are seen as engines of Member States’ economies as well as hubs of research and innovation, MRs have to face great and diverse challenges such as the protection of the environment and adaptation to climate change, urban poverty, social inclusion, integration of migrants, youth unemployment, criminality or economic transition. MRs play a central role in adapting to the consequences of climate change.
At the same time, MRs have to grapple with an expanding demand for quality public services, putting a huge pressure on MR budgets. This has a marked effect on the population’s overall quality of life. Budget revenues in some MRs bear only the slightest relation to their economic success and high GDP, therefore the CoR recommends to go beyond the mere GDP per capita indicator and take account of social, demographic and environmental aspects.“The aim of the opinion is to draw the EU’s attention to the issue of metropolitan regions. These are regions which, in several cases, are statistically the most common; but the reality in their territory is often different. Because of increasing urbanisation, they have to face challenges such as increasing demand for quality public services and infrastructure, problems associated with housing and the environment, and social exclusion, while lacking adequate resources from their own budgets. Still, these are regions with great potential, where suitably set support could lead to the development not just of metropolitan areas, but could also contribute to a fair distribution of benefits to outlying regions and to stronger rural-urban linkages, and thereby significantly help to overcome regional disparities. This is a crucial period for preparatory work on the new cohesion policy and for deciding on the size of EU funds after 2020, and I think that this was the right time to initiate this opinion. I am happy to have received the support of the members of the Committee and I believe this is a step in the right direction”, said Mr. Juraj Droba.The Rapporteur points out that the ongoing process of drawing up cohesion policy post 2020 is an opportunity to take on board the need for a specific approach to MRs in the framing of future partnership agreements and the operational programmes for cohesion policy funds. The European Committee of the Regions calls for:
The direct involvement of MRs in the framing of cohesion policy and the implementation and evaluation of operational programmes and EU projects;
The attention of the EC to start looking into the potential added value of support to MRs as a way of reducing regional disparities;
The establishment of conditions and support mechanisms, by the EC, for knowledge transfer, exchange of experience and best practice in the area of metropolitan governance between MRs;
All partnerships in the new EU Urban Agenda to address the ongoing metropolitanisation of areas or for a new partnership for the metropolitan dimension of the Urban Agenda.The increasing urbanization as a global trend creates lots of opportunities but also forces us to address new challenges, requiring the collaboration between institutions and players in the MRs. These proposals aim to guarantee a better performance of MRs and intend to meet the cohesion objectives.
Metropolitan regions currently include three fifths of the EU population – a proportion that is expected to increase in the future. These regions constitute important poles of innovation, research and economic growth, while also offering a wide variety of educational, cultural and professional opportunities to their inhabitants. For an overview of Metropolitan regions in EU cohesion policy, please read this briefing.

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Bilan de la politique énergétique allemande dans un contexte européen

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 26 settembre 2014

Ucraina-graFace à la crise ukrainienne, la sécurité d’approvisionnement en gaz naturel est devenue une question de premier plan dans le débat sur la politique énergétique européenne. Au point de faire perdre de vue d’autres importants défis auxquels l’UE est confrontée en matière de politique énergétique. Pour l’Allemagne, en raison de sa transition énergétique, il y a trois problèmes qui ne peuvent être résolus qu’au niveau européen :
1. En dépit de la transition énergétique, les émissions de CO2 en Allemagne augmentent.
C’est le résultat d’un excédent de certificats d’émissions dans le cadre du Système communautaire d’échange de quotas d’émissions (SCEQE) qui s’explique principalement par une chute de la production industrielle après la crise économique de 2009. Ainsi, le prix du CO2 a baissé et la production d’électricité à partir du charbon et du lignite a augmenté, alors que les centrales au gaz respectueuses du climat en Allemagne ont généré de moins en moins d’électricité, voire ont été démantelées. Les émissions de CO2 en Allemagne ne pourront être réduites que par une approche européenne, par le biais d’une modification du SCEQE.
2. Malgré l’augmentation de la génération d’électricité à partir du charbon, les coûts de l’électricité en Allemagne sont élevés.
Cela tient notamment à la répartition prévue dans la Loi sur les énergies renouvelables qui a augmenté à 6,24 cents par kilowatt heure en 2014. Alors que l’industrie et les ménages privés en Allemagne font face à d’importants coûts visant à réduire les émissions de CO2 ; celles qui ne le sont pas en Allemagne le sont dans le reste de l’UE en raison du faible coût des certificats d’émissions. Le Groupe intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) indique qu’idéalement, les émissions ne devraient être limitées que par l’échange de droits d’émissions. Des mécanismes supplémentaires de promotion des énergies renouvelables au niveau national ne feraient qu’augmenter les coûts, sans atténuer les effets sur les changements climatiques. Cette proposition n’est pas injustifiée mais a peu de chances d’être mise en œuvre. Une autre solution, meilleure en termes de coût-efficacité, pourrait être l’harmonisation européenne des mécanismes de soutien.
3. L’Allemagne est confrontée au risque de pénurie d’approvisionnement en électricité lors des périodes de pointe, lorsque le soleil et le vent ne peuvent fournir suffisamment d’électricité.
Parallèlement, combler ces pénuries par la mise en marche de centrales au gaz naturel n’est pas faisable économiquement pour les fournisseurs d’énergie. Des pénuries d’approvisionnement pourraient être prévenues par l’importation d’électricité des pays européens voisins, ce qui impliquerait de créer un réseau de distribution transnational. Les fournisseurs allemands préfèrent la création d’un marché d’approvisionnement pan-Européen dans lequel l’État paie les opérateurs des centrales pour la mise à disposition des capacités de génération d’électricité, même si celles-ci ne sont pas utilisées.

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Russian Italian Salon

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 5 marzo 2010

Toronto Sunday, March 7, 2010 – 2:00 pmGlenn Gould Studio, 250 Front St. West, Watch out – these are trick questions! 1) As you stroll down canals lined with the ornate buildings of  Rastrelli, what city are you in? St. Petersburg or Venice? 2) Which of these composers studied at the  St. Petersburg Conservatory? Prokofiev or Respighi? 3) Which of these wildly different composers  wrote an opera while living in Florence? Tchaikovsky or Peri? Well, if you’ve correctly answered  “BOTH” to two of the three questions above, then you are likely a Russian Italian. Or an Italian  Russian. Or both! Join mezzo Emilia Boteva, sopranos Lucia Cesaroni and Ilana Zarankin, violinist Marie Bérard,  cellist Winona Zelenka, music directors and pianists Inna Perkis and Boris Zarankin, as they face  more of these “tough” questions.

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