Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 32 n° 289

Posts Tagged ‘france’

I.M.A.gination Charity Sale to Benefit the Claude and France Lemand I.M.A. Fund

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 20 giugno 2020

Paris – Claude and France Lemand, Parisian collectors and gallery owners, who presented Middle Eastern Art in the capital as early as 1988, have decided to donate 44 works by Middle Eastern, Japanese and French artists from their personal collection to be sold by Christie’s Paris to help young artists who are in great need due to the Covid 19 crisis and to benefit the Claude & France Lemand-IMA Fund at the Institut du Monde Arabe. The fund aims to secure future acquisitions, organise exhibitions, undertake research work, publish exhibition catalogues.The format of the sale will be an online auction, starting on 24 June and closing on 16 July. Some selected highlights will be on view at Christie’s Paris from 26 and to 30 June, during the Post-War and Contemporary Art Paris sales, then from 4 to 10 July again, during the exhibition of Christie’s new concept Evening sale ‘ONE’ taking place in 4 cities. Estimates range from €1,000 to €40,000 and works by each artist are already present in the collections of the Institut du Monde Arabe and many of the 26 artists are also represented in permanent collections of other international institutions.
In October 2018, Claude and France Lemand have generously donated more than 1300 works by Middle Eastern artists to the Institut du Monde Arabe museum, the largest donation in the history of the institution, founded in 1980 by 18 Arab countries in Paris. One year later, the number of works donated reached 1500. The 44 works are spanning 60 years of artistic development throughout the Middle East, starting with the top lot of the sale Shafic Abboud’s 1959 work entitled Saison, and estimated at €40,000-60,000 and finishes with a series of 9 works produced in 2019-2020 as tributes to the Notre-Dame fire in April 2019. Claude Lemand initiated this project as the Institut du Monde Arabe directly oversees Notre-Dame and hence was a first-hand witness on the destruction of the historical monument.Jack Lang, Former French Minister of Culture and President of the Institut du Monde Arabe comments: “Claude and France Lemand were among the first to believe in the creativity of contemporary artists in the Arab world. They are also known for their generosity. A donation is always a human adventure. It continues and grows, since the benefactors of the IMA Museum are now also becoming benefactors of artists from the Arab world. I am pleased to bring my patronage to this charity sale”.
Valérie Didier, Christie’s Impressionist and Modern Art Specialist: “What a pleasure and honour to organize a sale in Paris to benefit the Claude and France Lemand – IMA Fund. I personally have immense admiration for the couple, in particular for their unprecedented generosity, as Claude and France have devoted their whole life to defend these artists. I am convinced collectors will be present to support their latest great cause and to reinvigorate the Institut du Monde Arabe’s activity.”

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«France» se positionne à la 1ère place en Europe pour les investissements étrangers à vocation industrielle et de R&D

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 15 giugno 2020

En 2019, la France a attiré 1 468 nouvelles décisions d’investissements étrangers, soit une progression de 11 % par rapport à 2018 (1 323 décisions). En moyenne, 28 décisions d’investissements ont été prises chaque semaine en France l’année dernière contre 25 en 2018. Les emplois créés ou maintenus en France grâce aux investissements des groupes étrangers ont également connu un bond de 30 % : 39 542 emplois en 2019 contre 30 302 emplois en 2018.Cette dynamique des investissements s’inscrit dans un contexte de confiance réaffirmée par les décideurs économiques. Selon le Baromètre Kantar – Business France (janvier 2020), près de neuf cadres dirigeants sur dix (87 %) estiment que la France est une destination attractive pour les investissements étrangers.Les investissements étrangers en France en 2019 proviennent de 58 pays différents avec une prédominance des projets générés par les pays européens (64 % du total). Dans l’ordre nous trouvons : 1- Etats Unis (16,2 % des projets totaux), 2- Allemagne (15,5 %), 3- Grande Bretagne (12 %) et 4- Italie (8 %)
En 2019, 52 % des projets identifiés ont concerné un nouveau site en France (+3 % par rapport à 2018). Le reste concerne des extensions et des acquisitions.Les investissements concernant les activités de production et de R&D et d’ingénierie enregistrent la croissance la plus forte et contribuent respectivement à 26 % (+19 % par rapport à 2018) et à 11 % (+22 % par rapport à 2018) des projets d’investissements internationaux en France.Parmi les secteurs les plus dynamiques, objets d’investissements étrangers : les logiciels et les services informatiques (21 %), l’ingénierie et le conseil (10 %), les services financiers (9 %), la filière automobile (6 %), les transports et la logistique (5 %), la mécanique (5 %), la chimie et la plasturgie (5 %). En 2019, des décisions d’investissement liées au Brexit se sont concrétisées et en particulier en faveur de la place financière de Paris.Une importante présence italienne en France. Plus de 1 700 entreprises ont des actionnaires majoritaires italiens et elles emploient près de 63 000 personnes sur tout le territoire national.Le bilan de Business France souligne le dynamisme des investisseurs italiens en France avec une progression de 26 % du nombre de nouveaux projets d’investissement en 2019 (118 en 2019 / 94 en 2018). Ces projets permettront de créer ou maintenir près de 2 200 emplois (50 % en plus par rapport à l’année précédente) d’ici 2021. La France se confirme comme le premier pays de destination des projets d’investissements italiens en Europe (43 % des projets italiens : ils représentaient 37 % en 2018), suivis par l’Espagne (9 %) et l’Allemagne (8 %).
Destinations. En 2019, les projets italiens en France ont concerné tout le territoire français (12 régions sur 13). Deux régions accueillent près de 50 % des projets d’investissement : la Région Île-de-France, avec 32 % des projets et Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (14 %). Suivent les régions Pays de la Loire (11%), Hauts-de-France (8 %) et Région Sud (6 %).
Origine géographique. En 2019, les projets d’investissement italiens en France proviennent principalement de : 31 % de la Lombardie, 20 % de l’Emilie-Romagne, 15 % de la Vénétie, 14 % du Piémont, 7,5 % du Frioul-Vénétie-Julienne.
Nature et typologie des investissements. En 2019, les nouveaux sites représentent près de 26 % des projets italiens en France. À noter que 53 % des projets italiens concernent des extensions d’activités déjà existantes en France. Cette tendance peut être interprétée comme un signal de confiance par rapport au marché français. Les acquisitions d’entreprises françaises par des sociétés italiennes représentent quant à elles, 21 % des projets totaux.
Les entreprises italiennes ont investi principalement dans la création et l’extension de centres de décision (26 % des projets) et dans les activités de production (25 % des projets). Ce résultat confirme la présence historique des industries traditionnelles italiennes sur le territoire français. On peut souligner également la forte augmentation de l’activité de Recherche & Développement, d’Ingénierie et de Design, synonymes d’investissements à forte valeur ajoutée, qui a doublé en 2019 (17 % des projets italiens) par rapport à 2018. Suivent les points de vente (11 %), la logistique (8 %), les services aux entreprises (7 %) et les services au public (6 %).
L’Italie est à l’origine de 13 % des investissements étrangers dans le domaine de la R&D, ce qui la positionne à la seconde place au niveau mondial après les Etats-Unis et devant l’Allemagne (10 %).
Répartition sectorielle des investissements. En 2019, les sociétés italiennes ont investi en priorité dans les secteurs du textile et de la mode (13 % des projets, 16 % des emplois), de l’énergie (10 % des projets, 17 % des emplois), des logiciels et des services informatiques (10 % des projets, 5 % des emplois) et dans le secteur de la mécanique et de la métallurgie (8 % des projets, 6 % des emplois). Dans le secteur textile et de la mode, comme dans celui de l’énergie, les entreprises italiennes ont été à l’origine de près d’un cinquième du total des investissements étrangers réalisés en France.

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“France Clostridium Vaccine Market: Prospects, Trends Analysis, Market Size and Forecasts up to 2024”

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 5 dicembre 2019

The country research report on France clostridium vaccine market is a customer intelligence and competitive study of the France market. Moreover, the report provides deep insights into demand forecasts, market trends, and, micro and macro indicators in the France market. Also, factors that are driving and restraining the clostridium vaccine market are highlighted in the study. This is an in-depth business intelligence report based on qualitative and quantitative parameters of the market. Additionally, this report provides readers with market insights and detailed analysis of market segments to possible micro levels. The companies and dealers/distributors profiled in the report include manufacturers & suppliers of clostridium vaccine market in France.

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Campus France Launches a New International Communication Campaign

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 15 ottobre 2019

Campus France is launching an unprecedented communication campaign to promote the excellence of French educational institutions and their courses around the world.Following the new national strategy of attractiveness «Bienvenue en France/Choose France», Campus France, an agency for the promotion of French higher education wishes to strengthen the position of France as a privileged destination of higher studies for high school students and international students. The goal set by the Prime Minister at the Rencontres Universitaires de la Francophonie in November 2018, is to attract 500,000 students from around the world by 2027, against 340,000 students today. This new campaign is supported by the Ministries of Europe and Foreign Affairs and Higher Education, Research and Innovation. It promotes an open, and enterprising France at the center of Europe, which attracts talents from all over the world to its various excellent courses and wants to make it known.“In an increasingly competitive world of higher education, France wants to maintain its status as a major host country and its aptitude to attract the best students in its institutions, whether they come from Africa, Asia or America”, Béatrice Khaiat, Managing Director of Campus France.“Living in France made me realize that I could take risks, find what suits me. I think everything is possible when you meet the right people, the right opportunities.”
Sandra Omo states, a young Nigerian who has followed a career in international management in France and is today committed to education rights.Campus France challenges students from all over the world, including its alumni, with the following invitation “What if studying in France allowed you to achieve your dreams?”.

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Germany and France Invest in European Battery Production

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 25 marzo 2019

Blackstone Resources AG (SWX: BLS; STU: 4BR, FRA: 4BR, BEB: 4BR) (“Blackstone”) is pleased to announce that it has formally submitted a detailed business plan to the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) to join its battery production subsidy programme. Germany and France have both respectively set up their own 1 billion and 700 million-euro subsidy programmes to facilitate battery production in Europe. This demonstrates that these countries fully support expanding the capacity for battery production in Europe with the aim of making Europe a global leader. Since the European car industry is now strongly committed to rolling out their own lines of fully electric vehicles, this represents an important strategic move.Blackstone along with a number of prominent battery technology firms where invited to summarise their plans and submit their applications for financing to the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). Blackstone’s 100% owned subsidiary based in Erfurt has applied for this particular programme, where one billion euros has been pledged to support Germany’s ambitions to become the world leader in battery technology and production.Blackstone has ambitious goals for the German market. It plans to take full advantage of Germany’s manufacturing prowess and strong innovative culture. Germany’s motivated workforce and additional support from governmental departments and the EU was the decisive factor for Blackstone’s participation.Blackstone will cooperate with additional German partners, which will provide an important platform for further research. This will allow Blackstone to establish a substantial battery-production project in Germany. The aim is to use these new technologies to manufacture the next generation of electric-vehicle batteries, close to where German auto manufacturers are based. EUR 200 million will be invested into this new project, initially from Blackstone’s own funds with the aim to garner further support from Germany’s subsidy programme and similar programmes being launched elsewhere in Europe, such as France.Blackstone’s management team has laid out a number of significant goals and milestone that it wishes to achieve in the German market.The first is to create battery manufacturing facilities in close proximity to major German auto makers. Its aim it to offer an initial capacity of 100 million battery cells per annum or approximately 1 gigawatt per annum (which is the equivalent of 25,000 to 100,000 electric-vehicle batteries) at lower costs than what is presently produced by China. Once successfully achieved, plans will be drawn up to increase production substantially.The second is to create an incubator fund and accelerator fund for numerous start-ups and academic research projects across Europe. In addition, Blackstone will cooperate with prominent universities from various cities. Blackstone has already conducted detailed due diligence on a number of highly promising projects and has started the evaluation process.

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The recent street riots in France make us reflect

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 20 dicembre 2018

The French have for some years discovered the true face of their president. A man who is arid and only worried about ingratiating himself with the powerful of the world. It is the birth of a political class, and not only French, which wants to preserve its primacy at the expense of the poorer classes. But can you govern regardless?
From this, the rulers of the various countries should be aware of this when they prepare the techniques for managing the present without looking out of the window to look beyond.
This is a serious mistake that makes us escape from reality and digs a furrow between the real country and its rulers. It is a flaw that can be paid at a high price because we make possible another conviction, in my opinion very deviant as fascinating as it is possible to do without the politics represented by the parties.
It is an idea, I must admit, that fascinates me and on which I have reflected for a long time, even though I reject it because I consider it an extremely dangerous logic capable of causing, in the long run, more damage than advantages.
On the contrary, I am inclined to believe that there may be an alternative, especially in those countries with “unfinished democracy” such as Italy, and France seems, in this sense, to want to take a parallel path, where it would impose a ” dictatorship “in time to put back those reforms that are systematically blocked by the vetoes crossed by the opposing and corporate interests between the parties involved. A dictatorship not only short-lived but bound by the presence of some institutional guarantors.
First of all, to unblock the bonds that keep some subjects close to keeping their “privileges”. On the other hand, when politicians talk about broad understandings we are not very far from a solution capable of obtaining effective results for a more correct management of public affairs without having to take into account the various types of consortia that point to the dominant thinking of those who have he wants more and more. At the same time I ask myself: but to do all this is not enough strong popular consensus and political movements well rooted in the territory but also determined not to be affected by the lobbying? In theory it is possible but in practice voters suffer too many restrictions and are distracted by the machine of misinformation that does not scruple in spreading untruthful news and such as to arouse feelings of existential distress that lead to the same degeneration of the system. In short, we have been too long accustomed to thinking with our stomachs that we can not quite manage to do so with our heads, so much so that we find ourselves in the presence of a sick democracy capable of developing anarchic feelings. (Riccardo Alfonso)

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Two 17th Century Bronze Masterpieces from ‘The Court of the Sun King’ Louis XIV of France

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 20 aprile 2018

London – From the Court of King Louis XIV of France, the ‘Sun King’, Christie’s announces two of the most significant sculptures to come to the market in recent years. A unique rediscovered masterpiece by Louis XIV’s Royal sculptor François Girardon, Louis XIV on Horseback, Paris, circa 1690-1699, is believed to be the lost sculpture from the artist’s own collection, depicted in the famous engraving of the Galerie de Girardon (estimate: £7-10 million, illustrated right). Hercules Overcoming Acheloüs, circa 1640-50 by Florentine sculptor Ferdinando Tacca (1619-1686), was a gift from Louis XIV to his son, the Grand Dauphin, in 1681, remaining in the Royal collection until the Revolution (estimate on request: in the region of £5 million, illustrated left). Both works attest to the significance of Louis XIV as a connoisseur collector, celebrating the very best art from France and beyond. The works will go on view at Christie’s New York in April (the Girardon now until 20 April and both works together from 28 April to 9 May); Hong Kong (24 to 28 May) and London (30 June to 4 July), ahead of being sold in the London Exceptional Sale on 5 July during Classic Week, in July 2018.

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Rennes, France Virtually Experiences its Sustainable Future with Dassault Systèmes

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 24 novembre 2017

RennesDassault Systèmes (Euronext Paris: 13065, DSY.PA Paris:DSY) announced that the city of Rennes, France is the latest metropolitan area to embark on a digitalized approach to urban planning by using the 3DEXPERIENCity digital environment to optimize future projects, products and services for its residents.
Rennes will use 3DEXPERIENCity to develop a digital model of the city, “Virtual Rennes,” which embraces, through systemic modeling, different data sources in a single referential that is constantly updated as new data becomes available. With this accurate and reliable virtual equivalent of the real city, Rennes’ officials, residents, businesses, development partners, service providers and others can simulate, virtually experience and visualize a holistic view of the city’s evolution, and collaborate on sustainable urban solutions that will tackle new societal and urban challenges.
Rennes is the capital of the Brittany region and the second-fastest-growing metropolitan area in France, with an estimated population of 450,000. Such significant development in an urban agglomeration, whose specialized domains constantly evolve in depth and complexity, makes coordinating the renewal and planning of buildings, utility networks, mobility systems and other infrastructure a challenging task.
“Smart city initiatives offer the potential to anticipate and plan for more livable, resilient urban areas yet require the successful interpretation of tremendous amounts of data,” said Olivier Ribet, Vice President, High-Tech Industry, Dassault Systèmes. “3DEXPERIENCity brings urban planning and management to life in an intuitive way. Rennes’ city stakeholders can connect and interact across social, economic, political and disciplinary boundaries to experience and understand the possibilities and choices that will improve the quality of life in their city.” (photo. rennes)

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The spotlight shifts from Germany to France

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 30 settembre 2017

macron1WHO leads Europe? At the start of this year, the answer was obvious. Angela Merkel was trundling unstoppably towards a fourth election win, while Britain was out, Italy down and stagnating France gripped by the fear that Marine Le Pen might become the Gallic Donald Trump. This week, it all looks very different. Mrs Merkel won her election on September 24th, but with such a reduced tally of votes and seats that she is a diminished figure (see article). Germany faces months of tricky three-way coalition talks. Some 6m voters backed a xenophobic right-wing party, many of them in protest at Mrs Merkel’s refugee policies. Having had no seats, Alternative for Germany, a disruptive and polarising force, is now the Bundestag’s third largest party.Yet west of the Rhine, with a parliament dominated by his own new-minted and devoted party, France’s President Emmanuel Macron is bursting with ambition (see our special report in this issue). This week he used a speech about the European Union to stake his claim to the limelight. Whether Mr Macron can restore France to centre-stage in the EU after a decade in the chorus depends not just on his plans for Europe, but also on his success at home, reforming a country long seen as unreformable.
This week’s speech was brimming over with ideas, including a shared military budget and an agency for “radical innovation”, as well as the desire to strengthen the euro zone. At one level, Mr Macron’s bid for the role of intellectual innovator in Europe fits a long French tradition. Moreover, elements of his speech—a new carbon-tax on the EU’s frontiers, a proposal to tax foreign tech firms where they make money rather than where they are registered, a crusade against “social dumping” with harmonised corporate tax rates—were in keeping with long-standing French attempts to stop member states competing “disloyally” against each other.Yet Mr Macron has a more subtle and radical goal than old-style dirigisme; as if to prove it, he agreed this week that Alstom, which makes high-speed trains, could drift from state influence by merging with its private-sector German rival. His aim is to see off populism by striking a balance between providing job security for citizens, on the one hand, and encouraging them to embrace innovation, which many fear will cost them their jobs, on the other (see Charlemagne). In his speech Mr Macron also made the case for digital disruption and the completion of the digital single market. Euro-zone reform would make Europe less vulnerable to the next financial crisis.
The merit of these ideas depends on whether they lead to a more enterprising, open and confident Europe or to a protectionist fortress. But they may not be tried out at all unless Mr Macron can make a success of his policies at home. For, if France remains a threat to the EU’s economic stability rather than a source of its strength, its president can never be more than a bit player next to Germany’s chancellor.
Mr Macron’s domestic policy might seem to have made a poor start. He has grabbed headlines thanks to the size of his make-up bill, the collapse of his popularity and the whiff of arrogance about his “Jupiterian” approach to power. Predictably, the grouchy French are already contesting the legitimacy of the plans they elected Mr Macron to carry out. Reform in France, it seems, follows a pattern. The street objects; the government backs down; immobilisme sets in.
Yet take a closer look, and Mr Macron may be about to break the pattern. Something extraordinary, if little-noticed, took place this summer. While most of the French were on the beach, Mr Macron negotiated and agreed with unions a far-reaching, liberalising labour reform which he signed into law on September 22nd—all with minimal fuss. Neither France’s militant unions, nor its fiery far left, have so far drawn the mass support they had hoped for onto the streets. Fully 59% of the French say that they back labour reform. More protests will follow. Harder battles, over pensions, taxation, public spending and education, lie ahead. Mr Macron needs to keep his nerve, but, astonishingly, he has already passed his first big test.In many ways, the 39-year-old Mr Macron is not yet well understood. Behind the haughty exterior, a leader is emerging who seems to be at once brave, disciplined and thoughtful. Brave, because labour reforms, as Germany and Spain know, take time to translate into job creation, and usually hand political rewards to the successors of those who do the thankless work of getting them through. Disciplined, because he laid out clearly before his election what he planned to do, and has stuck to his word. The unions were fully consulted, and two of the three biggest accepted the reform. Compare that with his predecessor, François Hollande, who tried reform by stealth and encountered only accusations of bad faith. Last, thoughtful: Mr Macron does not approach policy as an à la carte menu. He has grasped how digital technology is dislocating the world of work. His governing philosophy is to adapt France’s outdated system of rules and protections accordingly.
Over the past few years, an enfeebled France has been a chronically weak partner for Germany, pushing Mrs Merkel into a solo role that she neither sought nor relished. If he is to change that dynamic, Mr Macron needs to move swiftly to match his labour law with an overhaul of France’s inefficient training budget, increase the number of apprenticeships and renovate the state’s sleepy employment services. He also needs to explain with a less contemptuous tone why his plans for tax cuts, including to France’s wealth tax and corporate tax, are not designed simply to benefit business and the better-off. In Europe he needs to reassure the northern, more open economies that he is not trying to put up walls.Of course, Mr Macron’s first steps in the spotlight may falter. The odds on any leader reforming France are never high. He will struggle to convince Germany to embrace his vision of euro-zone reform. But, if this year has shown anything, it is that it is a mistake to bet against the formidable Mr Macron.This article appeared in the Leaders section of the print edition under the headline “Europe’s new order” (by The Economist)

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Europe, Allemagne, France: évolution des opinions publiques

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 16 settembre 2017

Paris-antenne-vue-eiffel-tourParis. L’observation des sondages montre que l’Europe retrouve les faveurs des opinions publiques, avec l’appui notable des Français et des Allemands, qui continuent toutefois à diverger nettement dans leurs appréciations de l’économie et dans leurs approches de la mondialisation. Ce papier a été réalisé par Pascal Lamy, président emeritus de l’Institut Jacques Delors, Sébastien Maillard, directeur de l’Institut Jacques Delors, Henrik Enderlein, directeur du Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin et Daniel Debomy, directeur d’OPTEM, et ce dans le cadre des 26e Rencontres franco-allemandes d’Evian qui se sont déroulées le 8 septembre 2017.

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Fashion Television International announces new TV network FASHION in France

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 13 settembre 2017

londonLONDON/PRNewswire/Fashion Television International, a global broadcasting company, unveils the brand new FASHION|un channel, featuring 24/7 access to the world of fashion for French viewers. Launching in October 2017, FASHION|un will be distributed in France and will feature hundreds of hours of global content as well as completely new programming developed in-house for French viewers by the stylish and creative minds that are the driving force behind the network’s international success.
“Fashion Television is the distinctive voice in the realm of fashion and lifestyle broadcasting coverage,” says Ali Gursoy, President of Fashion Television International. “This new channel in France represents a strategic move for the future of our expanding portfolio.”The release of the dedicated French channel (which is also available throughout Europe) coincides with FASHION|un’s global roll-out of networks in all French-speaking territories including Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Monaco. The channel will also be available to viewers in North African countries such as Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, and the Sub-Saharan countries Congo, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Senegal as well as the Overseas French Territories Martinique, Guadeloupe, Mauritius, Reunion, Saint-Barthelemy and New Caledonia.
FASHION|un will launch with a full slate of primetime shows, including the fifth season of reality competition Design Genius, travel series Weekend Tour, designer spotlight specials Masters of Style, fashion docu-series FASH-BACK, front row and behind-the-scenes coverage of Fashion Week, and many, many more.The release of FASHION|un is another step in the network’s global expansion and reflects a continued growth in quality content focused on fashion — including, but not limited to, beauty, travel, culture, health and fitness, international events and award shows, celebrity news, collection launches, models, designers, and the latest runway shows — across the world. http://www.fashiontelevision.com.

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France and Germany: Spearheading a European Security and Defence Union?

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 2 settembre 2017

france germanyThe Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has become one of the most dynamic fields of European integration. The destabilisation of the EU’s neighbourhood, Brexit, and uncertainty in the transatlantic security partnership were important drivers behind this revitalisation. France and Germany reacted by jointly propagating the vision of a European Security and Defence Union. However, the CSDP is a policy area that has often been characterised by a gap between vision and action.
This paper, by Nicole Koenig, Senior research fellow at the Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin, and Marie Walter-Franke, Research associate at the Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin, offers a cautious assessment of the current window of opportunity, based on two questions:
First, is the necessary condition for deeper defence integration, a unified Franco-German leadership, really met? Second, is it a sufficient condition for the development of an ambitious Security and Defence Union? The review of new drivers and old constraints offers a mixed picture. Despite a degree of strategic convergence between France and Germany, long-standing differences in terms of political culture and public perception persist. Not all EU member states are keen to follow the Franco-German lead. This mixed assessment explains why the EU has so far only taken cautious steps towards a European Security and Defence Union. In light of the mix between drivers and constraints, this paper advocates incremental steps towards a more ambitious European Security and Defence Union. (photo: france germany)

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L’Institut Jacques Delors sur l’élection présidentielle

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 6 maggio 2017

enrico letta

À quelques jours du deuxième tour de l’élection présidentielle, l’Institut Jacques Delors (IJD), le think-tank pro-européen fondé par l’ancien Président de la Commission européenne et présidé aujourd’hui par Enrico Letta, ancien Premier Ministre italien et Doyen de l’école de l’École des affaires internationales de Sciences Po (PSIA), publie un texte dans lequel la victoire d’Emmanuel Macron est qualifiée de « souhaitable ». Le candidat, dont l’arrivée en tête au premier tour « contredit utilement les prophéties annonçant que la victoire de Trump et le vote en faveur du Brexit entraîneraient une vague irrésistible de votes nationaux de repli », est considéré comme étant le plus à même « de réaffirmer l’ancrage et l’influence de la France en Europe et de mieux défendre ses intérêts et ses valeurs au sein de l’UE ». Les auteurs du texte, parmi lesquels figure l’ancien Directeur-Général de l’OMC, Pascal Lamy, et le directeur de l’IJD, Yves Bertoncini, assurent que l’Europe, désignée par le plus grand nombre d’analystes politiques comme le principal point de clivage de la campagne, n’a pas eu un poids dominant dans le choix des Français au premier tour qui « ont d’abord voté sur la base de considérations domestiques (renouvellement des pratiques politiques, éducation et formation contre le chômage, fiscalité, protection sociale…). Certains électeurs ont même pu voter en dépit de leurs réserves quant aux positions sur l’Europe du candidat qu’ils soutenaient, confirmant ainsi que l’Europe n’était pas au cœur de leurs préoccupations ».Les trois têtes d’affiches de l’institut, qui depuis sa création est engagé dans un travail d’analyse et de proposition pour parachever l’union économique et monétaire, mettent en garde contre la sortie de l’euro prônée par la candidate soutenue par le Front National : « Sortir de l’euro, ce serait se priver d’une protection solide face à la spéculation financière internationale et jouer l’épargne des Français à la roulette russe. Ce serait s’exposer à nouveau aux dévaluations compétitives destructrices du passé : le nationalisme monétaire, c’est la guerre monétaire ! ».L’Europe n’est plus le centre du monde, assurent les trois auteurs du texte pour qui les défis à relever à l’international devraient pousser les Européens à s’unir davantage « face à des défis aussi nombreux et divers que le chaos en Syrie et en Libye, l’agressivité russe, le terrorisme islamiste, le changement climatique, la dérégulation financière internationale, les vagues migratoires incontrôlées, la montée en puissance de la Chine, l’imprévisibilité de Donald Trump ou la gestion du divorce UE-Royaume Uni ».En conclusion les trois signataires du texte exhortent à « Poursuivre et à approfondir le dialogue exigeant sur lequel a toujours reposé la construction européenne, afin de l’adapter pleinement au XXIe siècle ».

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France’s presidential election is tearing its left apart

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 10 aprile 2017

poll.pngBACK in 2002, the French Socialists suffered such a stinging defeat at a presidential election that it gave birth to a new noun. Un 21 avril, referring to the date that their candidate, Lionel Jospin, was evicted in the first round, became a term used for any shock political elimination. Today, ahead of the first round of this year’s presidential election on April 23rd, the Socialists are bracing themselves not just for elimination from the run-off, but for a far greater humiliation, one which could call into question the party’s very survival. Current polls put Benoît Hamon, the Socialist candidate, in a dismal fifth place. He trails not only the nationalist Marine Le Pen, the liberal Emmanuel Macron, and the traditional right’s François Fillon. In the past fortnight, Mr Hamon has also been overtaken by a far-left firebrand, Jean-Luc Mélenchon (pictured), who promises a “citizens’ revolution”. A one-time Socialist now backed by the Communist Party, the fist-clenching 65-year-old has surged to 15%, against just 10% for Mr Hamon. This puts him only a couple of points behind Mr Fillon, and in a position—just possibly—to overtake the Gaullist candidate too.In the campaign’s second televised debate on April 4th, it was the wisecracking Mr Mélenchon who delivered the memorable lines. When Mr Fillon argued that industrial relations should be decentralised to firms, Mr Mélenchon snapped: “I am not in favour of one labour code per firm, just as I am not in favour of one highway code per road.” It was a difficult debate at which to shine. All 11 official candidates took part: the five front-runners plus six others, including a Ford factory worker, a Trotskyist high-school teacher, and a former shepherd. Each had a total of 17 minutes to speak, spread over three hours. In a poll, voters judged Mr Mélenchon the most convincing, followed by Mr Macron.In some ways, Mr Hamon’s disastrous campaign is surprising. An outsider, he seized the party’s primary in January with a handsome 59% of the vote, easing out a moderate former prime minister, Manuel Valls. His recent rally in Paris was packed. Backed by Thomas Piketty, an economist who worries about inequality, he has a programme which—though its finances do not add up—is based on creative thinking about the future of work and society in an era of automation. Mr Hamon promises, for instance, to bring in a universal basic income, which in time would pay out €750 ($800) a month to everyone, partly financed by a tax on robots. He promises a “desirable future”, in which consumerism, production and working hours are curbed, greenery flourishes and happiness, long scarce in France, breaks out everywhere.Yet as Matthieu Croissandeau of L’Obs, a left-wing magazine, put it, since Socialist primary voters “were convinced they would lose the presidential election…they chose an ideal rather than a programme of government.” The closer voting day gets, the less workable Mr Hamon’s ideas seem, even to some of his white-collar constituents. A poll suggested that only 7% of voters think Mr Hamon has “presidential stature”. Gilles Finchelstein of the Fondation Jean-Jaurès, a think-tank, argues that Socialist support has not collapsed: it is just not behind the party’s candidate. Fully 42% back Mr Macron; 15% support Mr Mélenchon. By positioning himself on the left of his party, Mr Hamon has scared off centrist voters, while failing to sound combative enough for those on the far left.Mr Hamon has lost the loyalty not just of Socialist voters, but of Socialist politicians. His protracted (and failed) efforts to do a deal with Mr Mélenchon exasperated the moderates. A former backbench rebel, he has refused to say anything nice about the past five years of Socialist government, dismaying ministers. Mr Valls and Jean-Yves Le Drian, the Socialist defence minister, have both thrown their support to Mr Macron. The upshot is a bitterly divided party. The Hamon camp called Mr Valls’s defection “pathetic” and “shameful”. It is a “very strange campaign”, says a Socialist parliamentarian loyal to Mr Hamon; party activists “don’t feel connected”.Mr Valls’s defection, says Guillaume Balas, a member of the Hamon team, implies “the death of the Socialist Party as conceived by (François) Mitterrand”. The party, which has supplied French presidents for half of the past 36 years, has long tried to bridge the differences between its moderates and its left wing. In the 1970s, Mitterrand managed to unify the left; he went on to serve as president for 14 years. Now, under the joint pressure of Mr Macron and Mr Mélenchon, old fractures are pulling it back apart.This article appeared in the Europe section of the print edition under the headline “The crack-up” (By The Economist) (photo: poll)

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Vivre ensemble face aux peurs: le dilemme politique français

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 17 marzo 2017

front nationalParis présentation-débat organisé par Demos à Paris le 20 mars 2017 en partenariat avec la Maison de l’Europe. Ce Policy Paper de notre directeur Yves Bertoncini et de Dídac Gutiérrez-Peris, directeur des affaires européennes de l’Institut Viavoice, a été réalisé sur la base d’un sondage exclusif de YouGov visant à dresser l’état des lieux des peurs en France et dans cinq autres pays de l’UE (Allemagne, Espagne, Royaume-Uni, Pologne et Suède) et de leur impact sur les débats politiques. Une version anglaise a été publiée dans le cadre du rapport «Nothing to fear bur fear itself?» coordonné par Demos.
Ce Policy Paper développe des éléments d’analyse regroupés en trois points principaux:
1 – La peur est un élément structurant du débat public français, sous de multiples formes;
2 – Les prochaines élections devraient permettre l’expression d’un sentiment de défiance mais aussi déterminer si le Front national est perçu comme un recours possible ou une autre menace;
3 – L’euroscepticisme des Français ne saurait être assimilé à une volonté europhobe de rupture avec l’Union européenne. (Policy paper par Yves Bertoncini, Dídac Gutiérrez-Peris.) (photo: front national)

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In their presidential primary, France’s Socialists tack to the left

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 28 gennaio 2017

benoit-hamonFRANCE prepares for its presidential election this spring, the unexpected is becoming routine. Few predicted that the socially conservative François Fillon would emerge as the Republican party’s candidate, until he came from behind to win the primary in November. In December François Hollande decided not to seek re-election—the first incumbent president not to do so since the birth of the fifth republic. Now comes January’s surprise. Polls suggested that Manuel Valls, a centrist who served as prime minister until last month, was the front-runner in the first round of the Socialist presidential primary on January 22nd. Instead he finished second; first place went to Benoît Hamon, a figure from the party’s left wing.The two men will face each other in a run-off on January 29th. Mr Hamon is likely to win. He will pick up votes from the third-place candidate, Arnaud Montebourg, and others on the left of the party. His success in the first round matters because it signifies that his party, which already looked weak, is abandoning the centre of French politics. The Socialists are pleased that nearly 2m voters took part in the primary—not bad, considering that almost no one believes the party’s candidate can win the election. But the Republicans drew over 4.3m votes in each of their two primaries in November.Mr Hamon, who was briefly education minister in 2014, stirred up voters in recent weeks with promises of public largesse. He promotes the idea of a universal basic income of €750 ($803), to kick in by 2022. The idea is to compensate for the possibility of large-scale job losses to digital automation, though he is hazy on how the programme would be funded. He also wants to shorten the already constrained French working week from 35 to 32 hours. And he suggests levying a tax on robots. No other candidate had anything so eye-catching to offer. Mr Valls, who largely stuck by his centrist record in office, wants to loosen labour laws rather than tighten them. He is disliked by voters on the left both for his economics and for his tough stance on fighting terrorism, which some fear is undermining civil liberties.Assuming Mr Hamon becomes the Socialist candidate, the biggest winner will be Emmanuel Macron, a centre-left figure running as an independent. (Many supporters of Mr Macron may have cast tactical votes for Mr Hamon.) He should pick up many centrist ex-Socialist voters who see Mr Hamon as unserious or unappealing. Mr Macron served as economy minister under Mr Hollande, but quit the government last summer after launching his own political party, En Marche! (“On the Move!”). He promises to modernise France. As a former investment banker, and only 39 years old, he is a relative outsider and a fresh face who has never been elected to office. Socially and economically liberal, and popular in the media, he calls for France to embrace the digital economy.
As economy minister, Mr Macron introduced modestly liberalising reforms, such as opening up coach transport to private firms and easing some labour constraints. Opinion polls now put him in third place nationally, with around 20% support. The same polls suggest that Mr Fillon has roughly 25% support, while Marine Le Pen, the leader of the populist National Front, is backed by some 26%. Most observers expect she will reach a second round of voting in May, but that she will then be defeated by a more mainstream candidate. The question is which candidate that will be.The Socialist primary gives Mr Macron an opportunity. If Mr Hamon wins, he will draw support mainly among blue-collar voters and others on the left of the party. Mr Fillon of the Republicans, worried about the rise of Ms Le Pen, has promoted himself as a cultural conservative and a neo-Thatcherite who would cut 500,000 government posts and slash public spending. His emphasis on his Catholic faith is unconventional in France’s secular political tradition. Ms Le Pen, a far-right nationalist, propounds a statist economic policy and hostility to the European Union.All that leaves space in the middle of the political landscape for Mr Macron. He can talk of the need to liberalise France’s economy, but without the radical tone of Mr Fillon, who risks scaring government employees. Mr Fillon, whose poll numbers are drifting down, must worry about Ms Le Pen grabbing voters from the right, just as Mr Macron appeals to centrists. The Republican is still the candidate likeliest to be France’s next president. But the Socialists’ shift to the left and the rise of Mr Macron increase the chances that the presidential election, too, will produce a surprise. (font: by The Economist) (photo: Benoît Hamon)

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La crise des réfugiés/France and Germany in the refugee crisis: united in diversity?

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 19 novembre 2016

parisLa première session de l’initiative Think Tanks Tandem s’est déroulée les 8-9 juillet 2016, à l’abbaye des Vaux-de-Cernay à proximité de Paris. Elle a réuni une quarantaine de représentants de think tanks allemands et français, ainsi que des autorités allemandes, françaises et européennes.La 1ère table ronde a porté sur la politique migratoire et d’asile, tandis que la 2ème était consacrée à la lutte contre le terrorisme islamiste. Cette 1ère table ronde a été introduite par Marc-Olivier Padis, directeur des études de Terra Nova et Stefan Dehnert, directeur du Bureau de Paris de la Fondation Friedrich Ebert.Elle a été marquée par de nombreuses interventions des participants allemands et français : cette synthèse de Nicole Koenig, chercheur de notre Bureau en Allemagne, le Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin (également disponible en anglais et en allemand) s’efforce de présenter les principales analyses et orientations découlant de cet échange de vues franco-allemand, en identifiant les différences et convergences qui sont apparues.La Synthèse de la deuxième table ronde portant sur la lutte contre le terrorisme islamiste, rédigée par Yves Bertoncini, est également disponible. Joschka Fischer, ancien ministre fédéral allemand des affaires étrangères et ancien vice-chancelier allemand, était l’invité d’honneur du dîner sur le thème “L’Europe après le vote britannique”. Son intervention est disponible sur notre chaîne SoundCloud.La deuxième session de l’initiative Thinks Tanks Tandem s’est déroulée les 21-22 octobre 2016, à la Fondation Genshagen, à proximité de Berlin.
The first session of the Think Tanks Tandem initiative was held at the abbey of the Vaux-de-Cernay close to Paris on 8-9 July 2016. It was attended by some forty representatives of German and French think tanks as well as by German, French and European authorities.
The first round table addressed the issue of migration policy, while the second round table was devoted to the struggle against Islamist terrorism. This first round table was introduced by Marc-Olivier Padis, Director of Studies with Terra Nova, and Stefan Dehnert, Director of the Paris Bureau of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation.Numerous German and French speakers intervened: this Synthesis by Nicole Koenig, resarch fellow in our office in Germany, the Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin (also available in French and German) endeavours to present the main analyses and guidelines resulting from the exchange of French and German views, identifying the points both of divergence and of convergence that emerged.The Synthesis of the second round table on struggling against islamist terrorism, written by our director Yves Bertoncini, is also available.Joschka Fischer, former German Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs and former German Vice-Chancellor, was the keynotespeaker of the dinner on “Europe after the British referendum”. His speech is available on our SoundCloud channel.The second session of the Think Tanks Tandem initiative was held on 21-22 October 2016, at the Stifgung Gensagen, near Berlin.

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20th century sale season during the week of the international contemporary art fair

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 29 settembre 2016

chriestesParis – Christie’s France is proud to celebrate its dedicated 20th century sale season during the week of the international contemporary art fair (FIAC) from October 19th to October 22nd. During this exceptional week, Christie’s will offer more than 200 lots by leading international artists and offered across four different sales. François de Ricqlès, President of Christie’s France: “During one week in October, Paris will become the center of the art world. Our four sales organised during this international event will span the 20th century and will include rare works from prestigious provenance carefully selected by our specialists. The auctions will offer masterworks from the early 20th century signed by Pierre Bonnard, Frantisek Kupka, Henri Laurens and Pablo Picasso, as well as major works by Jean-Paul Riopelle, Alexander Calder and Jean Arp which define Parisian Modernism. The departments have worked closely together to build this impressive sale season which will certainly attract connoisseurs from around the world”.

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Tragedy in France: CEC grieves death of Fr Jacques Hamel

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 28 luglio 2016

With shock and great distress, the Conference of European Churches has received news of the attack in the church of St-Etienne-du-Rouvray (France). The violent attack resulted in the death of Fr Jacques Hamel and two other persons. Several members of the congregation were also wounded, one critically. Fr. Jacques gave his life while officiating the Holy Eucharist. He was known as a man of reconciliation and dialogue with people of all faiths and none. “He exemplifies the Christian understanding of martyrdom,” reflected CEC General Secretary Fr Heikki Huttunen. “Of the victory over the dark powers of violence and death and the eternal perspective created by love and experienced through the eucharistic gathering.”The Conference of European Churches joins with the “cry to God” by the Catholic archbishop of Rouen, Mgr Dominique Lebrun. With him we invite all people of goodwill, of all faiths and none to be strengthened in prayer and community. CEC shall continue its mission according to the Gospel, by welcoming all people in trust and with open arms. “This is the only way we can face the root causes of terror, fear, and enmity,” continued Fr Heikki. “We are called to build an atmosphere of encounter, dialogue and respect towards all identities that make up our European reality.”

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Liberté, égalité, fraternité

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 17 luglio 2016

NizzaPromenadeDesAnglaisNizza. “This heinous and despicable act was perpetrated against innocent men, women and children. It demonstrated a barbaric disregard for fellow human beings, depriving the victims of their most fundamental right: their right to life. It also struck out against the rights of those who have been injured and traumatised, as well as those of the friends and loved ones affected. Such deeds also serve to threaten the wellbeing and stability of our societies.”
“It is harrowing that this atrocity took place in the context of Bastille Day, a moment in the year when all of us, not only France, celebrate the principles of liberté, égalité, and fraternité. These form the bedrock of our European fundamental rights. The Nice attack is an attack on all of us.”
“We both expect and appreciate that States must take the necessary action to prevent acts of terror and to investigate and prosecute the offenders. It is no less imperative that all measures taken by governments in response to such attacks are respectful of the fundamental rights of us all. By doing so, we send out a clear signal: our response is not driven by hatred and fear; we will not be led down the path set out by the perpetrators”.
“The Europe of Values is strong. However hard it may be, we must remain true to it. We will find our strength in solidarity and our commitment to liberté, égalité, and fraternité.”
« Cet acte haineux et odieux a été perpétré envers des hommes, femmes et enfants innocents. Il témoigne d’un mépris barbare envers la vie humaine, privant les victimes de leur droit le plus fondamental : le droit à la vie. Cet acte représente également une attaque aux droits des personnes qui ont été blessées et traumatisées, et des amis et proches de tous celles et ceux qui ont été touchés. De tels actes visent aussi à menacer le bien-être et la stabilité dans nos sociétés. »
« Le fait que cette atrocité ait eu lieu lors du 14-juillet, qui est un jour où non seulement la France, mais nous tous, célébrons les principes de liberté, d’égalité, et de fraternité, est abject. Ces principes sont au fondement de nos droits fondamentaux européens. L’attaque de Nice nous touche tous. »
« Nous attendons et apprécions que les États prennent les mesures nécessaires pour éviter des actes de terreur, ainsi que pour enquêter et traduire les responsables en justice. Il n’en est pas moins impératif que toute mesure prise par les gouvernements en réponse à de tels actes respecte les droits fondamentaux de tous. Ainsi, nous envoyons un message clair : notre réponse ne repose pas sur la haine et la peur et nous ne ferons pas le jeu des auteurs ». « L’Europe des valeurs est forte. Toutefois, aussi dur que cela soit, nous devons y rester fidèles. Nous trouverons notre force dans notre solidarité et dans notre engagement pour la liberté, l’égalité et la fraternité. »

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