Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 34 n° 137

Posts Tagged ‘fundamental’

Fundamental rights in Hungary discussed in Civil Liberties Committee

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 1 marzo 2017

ungheriaCivil Liberties Committee MEPs discussed the fundamental rights situation in Hungary with Justice Minister László Trócsányi and civil society representatives on Monday afternoon. Several MEPs raised the issue of refugees and migrants, asking for clarifications on a draft law proposing that any asylum-seeker be automatically detained for the entire duration of their application.Some members asked about the independence of the Constitutional Court and media pluralism, while others demanded answers on a government plan to force non-government organisation (NGO) leaders to declare their personal assets in the same way as MPs do.MEPs also put questions on measures to relieve the overcrowding of prisons and on the situation of women in the context of the Istanbul Convention, which Hungary is expected to ratify soon. The government of Hungary was represented by Justice Minister László Trócsányi. Civil society speakers were: Miklós Szánthó Director, Center for Fundamental Rights; Tódor Gárdos, Researcher, Amnesty lnternational; Stefánia Kapronczay, Executive Director, Hungarian Civil Liberties Union and Márta Pardavi, Co-Chair, Hungarian Helsinki Committee.

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Fundamental rights: MEPs highlight effects of deterring migrants and austerity

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 9 settembre 2015

European CommissionThe fundamental rights of asylum seekers in the EU could be infringed by reception centre conditions, “hot returns”, barbed wire and other deterrence measures, say MEPs in a non-binding resolution voted Tuesday. The text also states concerns about the impact of austerity measures on EU citizens’ economic, civil, social and cultural rights and calls on the European Commission to set up a “scoreboard” to monitor democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights in EU member states.The non-legislative resolution, approved by 360 votes to 291, with 58 abstentions, addresses the fundamental rights situation in the EU in 2013-2014.
The EU and its member states should put solidarity and respect for fundamental rights of migrants and asylum seekers at the core of EU migration policies, MEPs say. The EU and its member states should take “energetic and compulsory measures to prevent further tragedies at sea”, they add, also calling for “the establishment of an effective and harmonised EU asylum system for the fair distribution of asylum seekers among member states”.MEPs express concern about “hot return” procedures, migrant reception and detention centres in member states and negative stereotypes and misinformation about migrants. The resolution also condemns security measures at EU borders “which now sometimes even take the form of walls and barbed wire”, and calls for “fundamental rights-sensitive border controls”.
MEPs deplore the way in which the financial, economic and sovereign debt crisis along with budgetary restrictions has “negatively affected economic, civil, social and cultural rights”.When deciding and implementing corrective measures and budget cuts, the EU institutions and member states should do fundamental rights impact assessments and guarantee that sufficient resources are made available to safeguard fundamental rights, MEPs say. They add that “minimum essential levels of civil economic, cultural and social rights”, in particular for the most vulnerable and socially disadvantaged groups, must be ensured.
The Commission should set up a scoreboard using “common and objective” indicators by which “democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights will be measured”, says the text. . This scoreboard should provide the basis for constant monitoring and a “system of annual country assessment”, it adds.“We see basic violations of these fundamental rights across the face of Europe on a daily basis”, said lead MEP Laura Ferrara (EFDD, IT), in Monday’s plenary debate, adding that “we have to know what is happening in EU member states, because that would mean that the European institutions could take the necessary steps to protect those fundamental rights”.

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FRA recognised for its outstanding work on combating violence against women

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 14 ottobre 2014

sexual violenceThe Spanish Observatory against domestic and gender violence has awarded its prestigious annual prize to the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights for its outstanding work to help end violence against women. “For too long, violence against women was regarded as a private problem that should and could not be discussed in public, and women who were abused by their partners or by strangers were expected to suffer in silence,” said FRA Director Morten Kjaerum. “This is changing, thanks to the many developments in European society and in EU legislation and policy over the last few decades; but there is still a long way to go.” FRA has been awarded the prize this year for its efforts in fighting violence against women, notably for its work on the world’s biggest-ever survey on violence against women. The survey revealed the extent of abuse suffered by women at home, work, in public and online across the EU. The award ceremony took place on 14 October in Madrid in the presence of high-ranking representatives of the Spanish government. The Observatory is a government institution headed by the Spanish General Council of the Judiciary made up of representatives from the Spanish ministries of the interior, justice, equality, the State General Prosecutor, Spain’s general law council as well as the Spanish regions. This is the 10th time the prize has been awarded. FRA is sharing this year’s award with Thelma Aldana, the Attorney General of Guatemala, in recognition of her efforts to create an observatory on sexual violence and femicide in her country.

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Improving internal security while respecting fundamental rights, says the Civil Liberties Committee

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 14 aprile 2012

Fundamental rights must be respected while guaranteeing Europe’s internal security, says the Civil Liberties Committee in a resolution adopted on Thursday. The EU should also ensure sufficient financial resources in the 2014-2020 financial framework to implement its own internal security strategy, stresses the adopted text.
In a separate resolution on the EU approach on criminal law adopted also on Thursday, MEPs underline that further legislation in this field “must fully respect the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality”.
“More internal security for the EU while respecting fundamental rights. With this vote we set up the basis for the creation of a more efficient internal security strategy for the EU, acknowledging European Parliament’s central role as foreseen in the Lisbon Treaty”, explained rapporteur Rita Borsellino (S&D, IT) following the Civil Liberties Committee vote.The resolution is based on a Commission communication of November 2010 which introduces guidelines for a common EU Internal Security Strategy (ISS). The EC document defines five priorities: disrupting international crime networks, preventing terrorism and addressing radicalisation, raising security in cyberspace, strengthening security through border management and improving Europe’s response to crisis and disasters.
All measures taken to implement the ISS should be “in compliance with the Union’s fundamental rights and obligations”, underlines the Civil Liberties Committee. According to the resolution, cooperation with international organizations such as NATO or the OSCE is also essential.In the same line, MEPs stress the importance of ensuring the respect for fundamentals rights in the fight against terrorism to be “a credible actor” in promoting human rights both inside and outside the EU.
The fight against terrorism and organised crime, including mafias, must remain key priorities, with special emphasis on the freezing of funds of suspects of terrorism, say MEPs, urging all Member States to introduce specific legislation guaranteeing adequate protection, support and recognition of victims.Furthermore, the EU must focus on targeted law enforcement and intelligence-driven activities to prevent terrorist attacks. Member States should also develop prevention mechanisms to ensure the early detection of violent radicalisation and threats.
The resolution states that border management is not only a security issue but a key feature in a wider political strategy involving development, asylum and migration policies. In this context, the EU should cooperate closely with its neighbours to facilitate free movement, enhanced solidarity and security at its external borders.Member States are called upon to come up with policies supporting the economic, social and democratic development and promoting human rights in third countries. Also, security must be pursued respecting the achievements of the EU, in particular the right to free movement through internal borders.Cybercrime, corruption and intellectual property rightsMEPs welcome the EC decision to include the fight against cybercrime as one of the ISS priorities and point out that prevention must be in the spotlight. They also call on Member States to ratify the Council of Europe Convention on this matter.The Civil Liberties Committee highlights the need to prioritise the fight against corruption, white collar crime and money laundering. The resolution calls on the Commission and the Council to allocate the appropriate resources considering that corruption remains among the trans-national threats that continue to challenge the internal security of the Union. The resolution was adopted by 47 votes in favour, 2 against and 3 abst

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Fundamental rights protection

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 14 giugno 2010

“Every second EU citizen ranks the protection of fundamental rights as the most important value to be defended” said FRA Director Morten Kjaerum to the European Parliament today. “The Treaty of Lisbon paves the way for a more fundamental rights-oriented process of law making. Positive initiatives have been developed in many Member States in 2009 to ensure that fundamental rights are protected. However, in these difficult economic times, the EU must guarantee more than ever that there is no rollback on fundamental rights protection. In particular, EU Member States need to ensure that bodies set up to protect and promote fundamental rights are really able to do so in practice, thereby making fundamental rights a reality for everyone in the EU.”  The FRA 2010 Annual Report provides concrete and comparative data on the situation on the ground in the 27 EU Member States. It also provides advice to the EU institutions and Member States, based on the evidence found.  The Agency’s surveys and studies undertaken in 2009 in particular show that many equality bodies, national human rights institutions and data protection authorities lack resources, are not independent enough, and often have very weak mandates. Many separated asylum-seeking children disappear whilst their case is being processed. LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual) persons suffer discrimination in areas of everyday life, such as at work or in bars. Racism continues to be a part of everyday life for many immigrants and minorities living in the EU, and the majority of EU Member States do not keep official records of racist crime.
The Report also collects examples of good practices that Member States can build on to improve fundamental rights protection in their respective country. For example, the law was changed in Scotland (UK) so that if an offence is committed because of a prejudice based on a person’s sexual orientation or transgender identity, this must now be taken into account in sentencing. This is the first European provision specifically tackling transgender hate crimes. Another example is the case of Hungary, where the Prime Minister announced a government plan to offer 200 positions to experts of Roma origin in public administration from January 2010. More good practice examples can be found in the media memo.

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FRA: Fundamental rights protection bodies

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 11 Maggio 2010

The reports reveal that these key players in fundamental rights protection and promotion in the EU often lack resources, are not sufficiently independent or have weak mandates.  In addition, some of the most vulnerable groups in society are unaware of their existence; only 16% of ethnic minority and immigrant respondents to the FRA’s EU-MIDIS survey were able to think of any organisation offering support to people who have been discriminated against.  82% of EU-MIDIS respondents who were discriminated against in the 12 months prior to the survey did not report their experience anywhere.  It is important to acknowledge that much progress has been made in this area; the bodies established to protect and promote fundamental rights in the EU have enormous potential.  But they need to be equipped with the resources, authority and independence to function effectively.  People across the EU are very concerned about their right to data protection, for example, but if data protection authorities do not have the power to take action against those who infringe that right, we run the risk that the right becomes meaningless. (Morten Kjaerum, FRA Director)

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Fundamental Rights in the European Union

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 6 Maggio 2010

Vienna, Austria on Friday 7 May at 11 am Schwarzenbergplatz 11 will take place The press conference European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) 7 May 2010, namely: – equality bodies, – national human rights institutions, and – data protection authorities. The reports reveal, however, that many of these bodies are not sufficiently resourced, empowered or independent to fulfil their role of protecting and promoting fundamental rights  The fourth report in the series records a general unawareness of fundamental rights and low levels of reporting of discrimination among immigrant and ethnic minority groups.  The FRA reports highlight ways in which the fundamental rights architecture in the EU can be strengthened and contain examples of good practices in this area.

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EU Fundamental Rights Agency

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 4 dicembre 2009

On 9 December 2009, European Commission, Representation in Sweden Regeringsgatan 65
Stockholm the EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) will present the results of a major representative survey examining discrimination and racist crime in the EU in Stockholm. EU-MIDIS is the first ever EU-wide survey of immigrant and ethnic minority groups’ experiences of discrimination and victimisation in everyday life, using unprecedented research methodology.  Speakers: Morten Kjaerum, Director of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) Anastasia Crickley, Chairperson of the Management Board, FRA Jo Goodey, main researcher of the report will also be available to answer questions. (The press conference will be held in English) The survey interviewed 23,500 people from ethnic minority and immigrant groups in the EU about their experiences of discrimination. The survey covered four thematic areas: experiences of discrimination, experiences of criminal victimisation (including racially motivated crime), experiences of policing, and rights awareness. The survey also interviewed 5,000 people from the majority population in 10 Member States in order to compare the survey’s findings on experiences of police stops and border control.

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Social, humanitarian affairs and human rights

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 21 agosto 2009

Year after year, the General Assembly allocates to its Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Affairs Committee, commonly referred to as the “Third Committee”, agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect peoples all over the world. An important part of the Committee’s work focuses on the examination of human rights questions, including reports of the special procedures of the newly established Human Rights Council.  In October 2008, the Committee will hear and interact with 25 such special rapporteurs, independent experts, and chairpersons of workings groups of the Human Rights Council. The Committee also discusses the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the promotion of the right to self- determination.  The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice, and drug control. At the sixty-second session of the General Assembly, the Third Committee considered 67 draft resolutions, more than half of which were submitted under the human rights agenda item alone.  These included a number of so-called country-specific resolutions on human rights situations. Under the chairmanship of H.E. Mr. Frank Majoor, the Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations, the Third Committee is expected to consider in 2008 a similar number of draft resolutions.

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