Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 275

Posts Tagged ‘hypertension’

Marijuana associated with three-fold risk of death from hypertension

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 9 agosto 2017

marijuana plant in flowering, bid bud cannabis

marijuana plant in flowering, bid bud cannabis

Sophia Antipolis. Marijuana use is associated with a three-fold risk of death from hypertension, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. “Steps are being taken towards legalisation and decriminalisation of marijuana in the United States, and rates of recreational marijuana use may increase substantially as a result,” said lead author Barbara A Yankey, a PhD student in the School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, US. “However, there is little research on the impact of marijuana use on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality.”
In the absence of longitudinal data on marijuana use, the researchers designed a retrospective follow-up study of NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) participants aged 20 years and above. In 2005–2006, participants were asked if they had ever used marijuana. Those who answered “yes” were considered marijuana users. Participants reported the age when they first tried marijuana and this was subtracted from their current age to calculate the duration of use.Information on marijuana use was merged with mortality data in 2011 from the National Centre for Health Statistics. The researchers estimated the associations of marijuana use, and duration of use, with death from hypertension, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, controlling for cigarette use and demographic variables including sex, age, and ethnicity. Death from hypertension included multiple causes such as primary hypertension and hypertensive renal disease.Among a total of 1 213 participants, 34% used neither marijuana nor cigarettes, 21% used only marijuana, 20% used marijuana and smoked cigarettes, 16% used marijuana and were past-smokers, 5% were past-smokers and 4% only smoked cigarettes. The average duration of marijuana use was 11.5 years. Marijuana users had a higher risk of dying from hypertension. Compared to non-users, marijuana users had a 3.42-times higher risk of death from hypertension and a 1.04 greater risk for each year of use. There was no association between marijuana use and death from heart disease or cerebrovascular disease.Ms Yankey said: “We found that marijuana users had a greater than three-fold risk of death from hypertension and the risk increased with each additional year of use.”
Ms Yankey pointed out that there were limitations to the way marijuana use was estimated. For example, it cannot be certain that participants used marijuana continuously since they first tried it.She said: “Our results suggest a possible risk of hypertension mortality from marijuana use. This is not surprising since marijuana is known to have a number of effects on the cardiovascular system. Marijuana stimulates the sympathetic nervous system, leading to increases in heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen demand. Emergency rooms have reported cases of angina and heart attacks after marijuana use.” The authors stated that the cardiovascular risk associated with marijuana use may be greater than the cardiovascular risk already established for cigarette smoking.“We found higher estimated cardiovascular risks associated with marijuana use than cigarette smoking,” said Ms sigaretteYankey. “This indicates that marijuana use may carry even heavier consequences on the cardiovascular system than that already established for cigarette smoking. However, the number of smokers in our study was small and this needs to be examined in a larger study.”“Needless to say, the detrimental effects of marijuana on brain function far exceed that of cigarette smoking,” she added.Ms Yankey said it was crucial to understand the effects of marijuana on health so that policy makers and individuals could make informed decisions. She said: “Support for liberal marijuana use is partly due to claims that it is beneficial and possibly not harmful to health. With the impending increase in recreational marijuana use it is important to establish whether any health benefits outweigh the potential health, social and economic risks. If marijuana use is implicated in cardiovascular diseases and deaths, then it rests on the health community and policy makers to protect the public.”

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Myanmar warned against unhealthy lifestyles as hypertension and high cholesterol rise

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 15 ottobre 2016

ipertensione2Yangon, Myanmar Myanmar’s leading heart doctors have warned against unhealthy lifestyles as nearly one in three citizens are reported to have hypertension and half have high cholesterol. The call comes as the ASEAN Federation of Cardiology Congress 2016 (AFCC 2016) is held in the nation’s capital of Yangon from 14 to 16 October.“Poor lifestyle choices are unfortunately becoming the norm in Myanmar,” said Dr Nwe Nwe, scientific chair of AFCC 2016 and head of cardiology at Yangon General Hospital. “The result is that more people have coronary artery disease, stroke and renal failure than ever before.”Hypertension affects 25–30% of people over the age of 40 in Myanmar. Half of adults have high cholesterol, 12% have diabetes, and 15% are smokers. Risk factors are higher among patients with hypertension, of whom 30% have diabetes and 60% have high cholesterol.“Consumption of salt is high in Myanmar, with people preferring to eat preserved food with a high salt content,” said Dr Nwe Nwe. “People do not exercise regularly, and the intake of fruits and vegetables is low even though they are readily available in Myanmar.” She continued: “On top of that, many patients do not take their hypertensive medication or keep their diabetes under control by keeping an eye on blood sugar levels.” The most up-to-date evidence for the management of hypertension and high cholesterol will be discussed at AFCC 2016. Experts will present the latest information on how to prevent initial and recurrent heart attacks. Current management and surgical interventions of heart diseases including valve disease, heart failure and arrhythmias will be examined. Sessions will be held on congenital heart diseases in children.Leading figures from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) will present a special programme which includes highlights from the European cardiovascular prevention guidelines.1,2 Professor Michel Komajda, a past president of the ESC and course director of the ESC programme in Myanmar, said: “Cardiovascular disease is the world’s number one killer and many deaths could be prevented with healthy lifestyles and adherence to medical treatment.” He continued: “The best way to stop heart disease is to quit smoking, do regular physical activity, eat healthy food, and take prescribed medications to control blood pressure and cholesterol.” The theme of AFCC 2016 is “Working Together for Heart Health”. Dr Nwe Nwe said: “ASEAN countries are working together to improve the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease through advocacy and research.”

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Tranquilli neo presidente

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 14 ottobre 2010

In occasione del Congresso Mondiale Ipertensione e Gravidanza di Melbourne è stato eletto Presidente della International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy (ISSHP) il professor Andrea Tranquilli, docente Ordinario di Ginecologia e Ostetricia dell’Università Politecnica delle Marche. Nei 40 anni di esistenza di questa società internazionale, che ha raccolto tutti i più illustri studiosi del campo, è la prima volta che un italiano ha il privilegio di presiederla. Alla soddisfazione personale del docente si abbina l’orgoglio dell’ateneo in cui insegna per un riconoscimento della qualità della ricerca e dell’attività clinica che da anni vi si svolge: e un segnale di apprezzamento per l’attività scientifica costante di tutti i membri italiani della Società.(tranquilli)

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