Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 33 n° 335

Posts Tagged ‘identified’

The fingerprint of earthquakes identified with satellite interferometry

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 21 Maggio 2021

From the analysis of satellite images, the areas with the greatest seismic intensity of an earthquake are recognized. Through the images obtained by means of satellite interferometry technique, a team of researchers from the Sapienza University of Rome and the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) analyzed the “fingerprint” of earthquakes through the recognition of the ground deformation that accompanies a seismic event. Scientists, in fact, have been able to estimate its dimensions and recognize the area where the most violent shaking accompanying earthquakes are concentrated. The study “The epicentral fingerprint of earthquakes marks the coseismically activated crustal volume” has just been published in ‘Earth Science Reviews’. The InSAR (Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) data allow to detect the coseismic deformation (that is, the instantaneous and permanent deformation caused by the earthquake) delimiting the epicentral area where the greatest displacement is concentrated, through the analysis of the deformation of the ground around the fault activated during an earthquake. “Since 1993, with the images given by InSAR, a long list of seismic events has been analyzed; this list is always growing thanks to the increase in the number of satellites and to the improvement of the quality of SAR sensors and InSAR techniques in continental areas”, the researchers Patrizio Petricca (Sapienza University) and Christian Bignami (INGV) state. “With them it is possible to detect the coseismic deformation, delimiting the epicentral area where most of the displacement is concentrated. Outside this area, apart from phenomena of local amplification, the ground displacement decreases, resulting in the attenuation of the seismic shaking”. “Knowing these Earth manifestations helps to focus more specifically on seismic prevention in future epicentral areas, helping to calibrate the assessment of seismic hazard in which vertical movement plays a relevant role in increasing greater horizontal shaking and therefore greater damage. Earthquakes will return: on average, in Italy about 20 destructive earthquakes are generated per century”, concludes President Carlo Doglioni. font: The epicentral fingerprint of earthquakes marks the coseismically activated crustal volume” Patrizio Petricca, Christian Bignami, Carlo Doglioni (2021). Earth Science Reviews. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2021.103667

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The winners of the fifth round of the Innovation in Development Reporting (IDR)

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 28 Maggio 2015

European Journalist centreThe European Journalism Centre (EJC) is pleased to announce the winners of the fifth round of the Innovation in Development Reporting (IDR) Grant Programme. Fourteen remarkable projects will be awarded a combined total of more than 250.000 euros in funding to advance development reporting and bring the public innovative journalistic storytelling around global development topics.The final winners were selected during a meeting of the IDR Grant Programme Advisory Council, consisting of senior international journalists. The projects that have been identified to be eligible for funding will be greenlighted upon signature of a legal contract.The awarded projects have received endorsement from significant media outlets located in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The winning projects touch upon multiple development issues, such as Bolivia’s intercultural healthcare system, the strengths and weaknesses of the polio eradication campaign, waste pickers in Haiti and India whose garbage is used as filament for 3D printers and the devastating impact of a tiny fungus on the most important crops in the world.The winners have also been chosen due to their solid story outlines and innovative multi-platform approaches, operating on the crossroads between investigative, data-driven and visual journalism. The journalists also engage in cross-country media collaborations, hereby magnifying the visibility and impact of their stories. The winners of the fifth round will join on 25-26 June 2015 a two-day boot camp style conference allowing them to interact with fellow grantees. They will also work with trainers on the development of their stories and publication strategies aimed at achieving the best possible public impact.“With this round of applications the total number of funded projects reaches 67, while our community consisting of grantees and their teams grows to more than 140 people. In 2015 and 2016, we have three more rounds of applications, which means that by the end of next year we will fund more than 100 projects! We are extremely proud to be supporting the work of an amazing community of journalists, who are doing an incredible job in putting development issues in the news and on the public agenda,” says EJC Director Wilfried Ruetten. The fifth call for applications ran from 14 January to 25 February 2015. In total, 133 applications were received.
The Innovation in Development Reporting Grant Programme was launched in January 2013 by the EJC with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The project aims to reward quality journalism and advance a new and distinctive agenda for development coverage through awarding funding to a selection of state-of-the-art reporting projects of great impact and high visibility. Since 2013, the programme has granted funding to 53 projects.The IDR Grant Programme has received $1,785,000 for the period of 2015 and 2016 that will be awarded to innovative journalistic projects centred on global development topics. In 2015–2016, the programme will run four rounds of applications and organise four boot camp style events tailor-made for the winners of each round.The European Journalism Centre (EJC) is a non-profit international foundation with the remit to improve, strengthen, and underpin journalism and the news media.

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