Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 229

Posts Tagged ‘internationally’

Drug resistant tuberculosis levels

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 25 agosto 2009

Ten times higher in eastern Europe and central Asia Tuberculosis patients in parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia are 10 times more likely to have multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) than in the rest of the world, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) report into the deadly infectious disease. China, Ecuador, Israel and South Africa are also identified as key areas. New data released today confirm geographical concentrations of TB drug resistance across the Commonwealth of Independent States. Six out of the top ten global hotspots are: Estonia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, parts of the Russian Federation and Uzbekistan, with drug resistance in new patients as high as 14%. According to the report “the most effective strategy to prevent the emergence of drug resistance is through implementation of the DOTS.” DOTS is the internationally agreed treatment strategy, and is designed to ensure patients take their medicines properly. It has proven effective in preventing drug resistance. Research and development into new TB drugs is also urgently required to shorten the length of treatment and to treat drug resistant strains. After a 40 year standstill in TB drug development, R&D investments are critical now to expand treatment options and overcome resistant strains. The Global Alliance for TB Drug Development, a WHO partner, is building a pipeline of promising new drugs and uniting public and private researchers in the search for a faster cure.  “Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance in the World – Third Global Report” presents data from the examination of 67 657 TB patients in 77 countries and regions. “The more we survey, the more MDR-TB we find,” said the report’s leading author Dr Mohamed Aziz. “MDR TB has now been identified in every region and almost every country surveyed in what is the largest drug resistance surveillance project of its kind. Yet the true burden is unknown and may well be higher in unsurveyed areas, stressing the need for full expansion of drug resistance surveillance.”

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