Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 32 n° 250

Posts Tagged ‘lima’

CEC Reacts to Lima talks: Climate change needs more decisive action

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 16 dicembre 2014

summit clima1The 20th session of the Conference of Parties (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ended last week in Lima, Peru. The nearly two-week gathering saw over 12, 000 international visitors, including government and UN agency representatives, descend on Lima for intensive dialogue aimed at assessing and addressing widespread global climate change.
An ecumenical team under the leadership of the World Council of Churches, including representatives from European churches, participated in these events. CEC and European Christian Environmental Network (ECEN) were represented in Lima through the work of this ecumenical team.The talks concluded with 195 countries agreeing to the Lima Call for Climate Action. The document paves way for a more definitive international climate agreement to be tabled at COP 21, which will be held in Paris in 2015. While United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon hailed the Lima talks as paving meaningful way to COP 21 in Paris, the Conference of European Churches expresses deep ambiguity and frustration with the Lima outcomes. The Lima negotiations failed in their ambitious aims to restore trust in the UNFCCC process and facilitate progress towards a Paris agreement. Hopes for a robust and cohesive action out of Lima were high, yet participating governments left much undone in advance of the Paris talks. The decisions from Lima show a disheartening dilution of global commitment to addressing catastrophic climate change and an ongoing marginalisation of those most affected by climate change. At this juncture, CEC renews its commitment to be a unifying presence for the churches in Europe and beyond in delivering a meaningful, faith-based response to climate change. In reflecting on the Lima talks, CEC General Secretary Guy Liagre remarks, “We hope that the days and months leading to the Paris talks will see a strengthened and coordinated church response to the devastation of God’s good creation and the oppression of those made poor by climate change.” WCC delegation member Henrik Grape, Church of Sweden, echoes this sentiment, “Church presence at meetings of this kind is about underlining solidarity, justice, and equity.”Faith can be a great carrier of hope and source of courage in the work of transforming the world. “The CEC takes seriously its mission in working on climate justice, which our governing board reaffirmed just last week,” Liagre notes, “Our efforts will be intensified on the way to the COP meeting in Paris next year.”

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Australia emissions set to soar by 2020 – new analysis by Climate Action Tracker

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 12 dicembre 2014

climate_changeLima Australia’s emissions are set to soar by 2020 under the Government’s new policies, according to a new analysis by the Climate Action Tracker (CAT), released today at the climate talks in Lima.An in-depth analysis of Australia’s emissions and the effect of its policies on future emissions conducted by the Climate Action tracker finds no credible analysis that shows Australia’s current legislation will get its emissions anywhere close to its Copenhagen pledge (a cut of 5% below 2000 levels by 2020). Instead, Australian emissions are likely to be 26% above 2000 levels in 2020 or when expressed against 1990, a 47-59% increase. See table below or refer to table in summary. However, if Australia sticks with its legally binding Kyoto Protocol target (a cut of .5% below 1990 levels by 2020), under current Kyoto Protocol rules, and despite these soaring emissions, Australia will be able to meet its target by taking barely any action at all. “It has become increasingly apparent that whenever Australia has talked of committing to reducing emissions, what it really means is that it will continue to increase emissions from fossil fuel and industry sources,” said Bill Hare, CEO of Climate Analytics. “Instead, it has hidden its emissions behind the Kyoto rules, most of which it has exerted considerable diplomatic effort over more than 15 years to secure in its favour,” said Bill Hare, CEO of Climate Analytics. Australia has achieved this through its choice of baseline emission sources, and through the operation of rules and/or approaches to accounting for land use change and forestry activities.In Lima, Australia is again working on a redefinition of emissions that would reverse the intent of an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to limit surplus emissions allowances that would have the effect of allowing a further 6% to be added to its allowed emissions in 2020.
“This is just the most recent example of Australia lobbying for rules that undermine the integrity of the emissions accounting system as a whole and/or rules that carve out special exceptions to the detriment of all, but to the benefit of a few,” said Hare.That Australia may not need to do anything to meet its Kyoto second is a situation that also prevailed for the first commitment period (2008 to 2012). The CAT has quantified emissions credits from land use activities that could result in Australia’s allowed emissions approaching or exceeding 50% above 1990 levels.“Australia’s lack of fully transparent data does not permit scientifically-based verification of the published Australian Government estimates of Kyoto LULUCF debits for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, which are the opposite to those we estimated,” said Dr Louise Jeffrey of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.
In the absence of further information, the CAT believes it is more likely that an increase of 47-59% in industrial GHG emissions above 1990 levels could be permitted than the Australian Government’s published projection of an only 27% increase.“Fully transparent data on Australian projections and estimates of future LULUCF emissions and removals are needed in order for the CAT to revise, improve and, hopefully, even reverse our estimates,” said Dr Jeffrey.

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UNDP calls for governments, businesses and communities to boost collaboration for a new climate and development era

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 10 dicembre 2014

GP01XT2Lima, Peru, Tackling climate change requires serious collaboration between the public and private sectors, engagement with civil society, and having strong and transparent institutions, UN Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Helen Clark said, wrapping up three-days at the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP) in Lima today.
“We are on the cusp of creating a new era of action on climate change—here in Lima and with the vital adoption of a new climate agreement in Paris next year. Moreover, a Post 2015 sustainable development agenda is imminent,” Helen Clark said. “We can achieve our goals by nurturing partnerships which promote a low-emission and climate-resilient future.”To enable an historic level of indigenous peoples’ participation at the COP20 in Lima, UNDP and the Governments of Norway and Peru invited more than 300 indigenous women and men from Africa, Asia and Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean to attend. They gathered in Lima in an official Indigenous Peoples’ Pavilion for the first time at a climate change COP.Five indigenous men and women from the three regions presented proposals to address climate change, at an official event today.Candido Mezua of the Mesoamerican Alliance of Indigenous Peoples proposed that state delegations include indigenous peoples in their climate change negotiations. He also asked UNDP and the Governments of Peru and Norway to support this proposition.“Indigenous peoples are the real custodians of forests and it is important to strengthen their positioning in the climate negotiations,” said Tine Sundtoft, Minister of Climate and Environment of Norway. She also thanked UNDP and Peru for facilitating an historic indigenous participation at the COP in Lima.“Our commitment for indigenous peoples’ participation in this COP is an important step towards addressing crucial pending indigenous issues, including land tenure, “said Peru’s Vice Minister for Environment Gabriel Quijandria at the event today.Helen Clark stressed that indigenous leaders and organizations must be empowered to play a greater role in leading, collaborating and participating in the global effort to address climate change, particularly given their vital historical role in protecting forests and their deep cultural relationship with and dependence on the natural environment.She also visited a UNDP-managed Global Environment Facility/Small Grants Programme fair with over 40 people – mostly women— from the highlands, from the Amazon forest and coastal areas who sold eco-friendly products such as alpaca wool garments, quinoa, beans and honey.The UNDP Administrator stressed the importance of empowering women while conserving biodiversity, boosting climate resilience and encouraging entrepreneurship.Wrapping up her third day at the COP the UNDP Administrator spoke on how large-scale public-private collaboration can enhance climate progress and sustainable development.
“One of the most exciting and dynamic advances in the forests space over the past year has been the substantial commitments made by major companies on eliminating deforestation from commodity supply chains.” In the palm oil sector, for example, businesses representing over 75 per cent of the global trade in the commodity have adopted zero-deforestation policies in the past year.At the UN Climate Summit, hosted by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in September 2014, UNDP also facilitated the endorsement by more than 170 governments, companies, civil society organizations and indigenous peoples’ representatives of the New York Declaration on Forests aiming to cut the loss of natural forests in half by 2020, and to end it a decade later. Agribusiness giants such as Cargill and Wilmar adopted zero deforestation policies, and the consumer goods industry pledged to eliminate deforestation by 2020.
Helen Clark highlighted the importance of countries’ nationally determined mitigation contributions including ambitious goals and policies to reduce forest loss and increase reforestation. She urged advanced economies to deliver large scale economic incentives for forest protection and restoration in the context of the new climate agreement, particularly through REDD+ – a mechanism which supports the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.She thanked the Government of Switzerland for its pledge to support UNDP’s National Commodity Platforms, which have been facilitating country-wide public-private sector collaboration on greater sustainability in major agricultural commodity sectors.For example, the National Pineapple Platform in Costa Rica has led to better governmental regulation, and has encouraged large companies to support small producers to shift to sustainable practices.UNDP launched a Palm Oil Platform for Indonesia in September, and another platform will be established in Peru to reduce encroachment into the Amazon.With the largest climate change portfolio in the United Nations – US$1.3 billion covering adaptation and mitigation – UNDP has been supporting over 140 countries, including more than 40 Least Developed Countries, to access climate finance and mechanisms and implement climate change initiatives.This includes access to nearly all UNFCCC mechanisms such as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, National Adaptation Plans, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions, Low Emission Development Strategies and National Communications.UNDP also provides assistance to countries in their climate change negotiations and has supported the Government of Peru in hosting the COP20.During meetings with Helen Clark, President Ollanta Humala of Peru and the Minister of Environment and COP President Manuel Pulgar-Vidal praised UNDP’s support to set up the country’s biggest international event.

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Greenpeace Experts at UN Climate Talks in Lima

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 28 novembre 2014

limaLima, 28 November 2014 – The announcement of the United States and China to cut emissions marks their notable joint action for the climate; industrial countries have pledged billions to the Green Climate Fund; countries like Denmark have set the course for 100% renewable energy – there is new movement in the climate debate. The momentum will likely resume on Monday when the UN climate talks kick off in Lima, Peru. The conference will have to negotiate on the key issues that will ensure an ambitious climate agreement to be signed in Paris in a year’s time.Heading to the summit, Greenpeace Head of International Climate Politics Martin Kaiser said:”For two decades, the seriousness of climate change has in no way been properly addressed by global decision makers. To secure our future, they must show their determination to act during this last round of negotiations before reaching a climate deal in Paris. Thus, the Conference of the Parties in Lima can be the turning point for international climate talks: Following the notable announcement from the United States and China, the stage is set for major emitting countries to increase their ambitions to move away from dirty fossil fuels and towards 100% renewable energy.””The United States and China must take bold actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions well past 2025 – thus encouraging other countries to also table ambitious targets in Lima.””The UN climate conference in Lima must drive strong national commitments to cut emissions, that will define the momentousness of the Paris Agreement in 2015. At the current pace, we will not achieve a stabilization of global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius.””Communities around the world are feeling the catastrophic impacts of climate change. It is up to our governments to support those who are the most vulnerable and help them adapt to climate change. Far too long corporate polluters were given a free ride to exploit [the resources of] our earth, counting on the rest of us to foot the bill. We need change – and quickly.”Greenpeace Senior Climate and Energy Expert Li Shuo said:”New energy statistics suggest an absolute decline in China’s coal consumption thus far in 2014 — for the first time in decades.””“The end of China’s coal boom arrives at no better time. When enhancing their targets for carbon internationally and coal consumption domestically, the Chinese policy planners will need to translate the latest figures and great progress into their contribution to the climate talks.” Greenpeace Climate and Energy campaigner Mauro Fernandez said:”Climate change has become a fact of life for Latin Americans. The new climate reality is mainly caused by burning fossil fuels and deforestation, leading to more frequent floods and droughts. This crisis forces us to overcome our addiction to coal and oil by harnessing solar and wind power. Renewable energy will take us on the path to climate improvement and justice.”As an official observer to the UNFCCC, Greenpeace will have a broad team of climate and forest experts attending the 01 – 12 December meeting at Lima. They will be available to comment. Experts will be from the US, China, France, Germany, UK, India, Brasil, among others.

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Greenpeace: US pledge to help poor countries a good sign for the fight against global warming

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 17 novembre 2014

brisbaneBrisbane. Following US President Barack Obama’s announcement today to pledge at least $US2.5bn over the next four years to help poor nations to adapt and take measures against climate change, Martin Kaiser, Head of International Climate Politics at Greenpeace, said:“This is a good starting point to support people affected by catastrophic climate change and it’s a good precedent to set as we head towards the climate summit in Lima in three weeks’ time. Clearly the US government is starting to accept its responsibility to fight global warming after almost two decades of reticence. Together with Germany, France, Sweden and others, Obama is challenging countries like Australia and Canada who have the potential to help those in need and guide the world towards a 100% renewable energy supply by mid-century.” (foto fonte Wikipedia)

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