Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 30 n° 299

Posts Tagged ‘machine’

Passeports lisibles par machine: publication de nouvelles méthodes d’essais améliorées

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 27 luglio 2018

Par Clare Naden. Le passeport a considérablement évolué depuis son apparition. Alors qu’autrefois, il fallait remplir des registres volumineux à la main et affronter des files d’attente interminables, la technologie actuelle a rendu les choses plus fluides, tandis que la sécurité a été renforcée. Il convient ainsi de mettre en place des procédures rigoureuses afin de garantir l’efficacité et la durabilité des passeports lisibles par machine. Les méthodes d’essais de l’ISO et de l’IEC, reconnues à l’échelle internationale, viennent justement d’être mises à jour à cet effet. Grâce aux passeports lisibles par machine, les contrôles ont gagné en fluidité et les résultats renvoyés par les bases de données de l’immigration et les listes de surveillance sont plus fiables. C’est la raison pour laquelle ce type de document représente la majeure partie des passeports en circulation actuellement. Ces derniers doivent ainsi répondre à des normes fondées sur le Document 9303 de l’Organisation de l’aviation civile internationale (OACI), qui visent à garantir leur conformité aux exigences réglementaires internationales. La norme ISO/IEC sur les essais de durabilité des passeports lisibles par machine est un complément officiel qui vient étayer le document émis par l’OACI et définit donc les exigences de mise en conformité. Elle vient tout juste d’être révisée afin de consolider son contenu et de l’adapter à la mondialisation.ISO/IEC 18745-1:2018, Méthodes d’essais pour documents de voyage lisibles par machine et dispositifs associés – Partie 1 : Méthodes d’essais physiques pour livrets de passeport (durabilité), remplace désormais le rapport technique de l’OACI sur la durabilité et définit les critères minimaux à remplir afin de répondre aux attentes de l’organisation.
Tom Kinneging, Animateur du groupe de travail chargé d’élaborer cette norme, a insisté non seulement sur la nécessité de respecter les exigences légales, mais également sur le besoin de garantir la durabilité des passeports lisibles par machine: «Ce type de passeport n’est utile que s’il est robuste et lisible au fil du temps. Cette norme spécifie les méthodes d’essais permettant d’évaluer au mieux sa longévité. Ainsi, il pourra être conçu pour durer.» ISO/IEC 18745-1 a été élaborée et mise à jour par le groupe de travail 3, Documents de voyage lisibles par machine, qui fait partie du comité technique ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 17, Cartes et dispositifs de sécurité pour l’identification des personnes, dont le secrétariat est assuré par la BSI, membre de l’ISO pour le Royaume-Uni.Elle est disponible auprès du membre de l’ISO dans votre pays ou sur l’ISO Store.

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Improved guidelines for testing machine-readable passports just out

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 27 luglio 2018

Machine-readable passports (MRPs) mean faster processing and more accurate matching against immigration databases and watchlists, which is why most passports these days fall into that category. To ensure they meet international regulatory requirements, they are standardized against the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Document 9303. The ISO and IEC standard for testing the durability of these MRPs is an official companion to the ICAO document, defining what is necessary for passports to be compliant. It has just been updated to make it even more robust and fit for today’s globalized world.
ISO/IEC 18745-1:2018, Test methods for machine readable travel documents (MRTD) and associated devices – Part 1: Physical test methods for passport books (durability), now replaces the ICAO’s own technical report for durability, specifying the minimum criteria to be achieved in order to meet ICAO’s expectations.Tom Kinneging, Convener of the working group that developed the standard said it is essential not just to meet legal requirements but to ensure MRPs withstand the stresses it can be placed under.“Having a MRP is only useful if it doesn’t fall apart or lose its readability over time,” he said.“This standard gives details for effective testing so their feasible lifespan can be assessed, and they can thus be built to last.”ISO/IEC 18745-1 was developed and updated by working group 3 Machine readable travel documents, which is part of the ISO and IEC technical committee ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 17, Cards and security devices for personal identification, the secretariat of which is held by BSI, ISO’s member for the UK.It can be purchased from your national ISO member or the ISO Store.

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Mostra Eva Kot’átková: “The Dream Machine is Asleep”

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 12 febbraio 2018

Eva Kot'átková.jpgMilano dal 15 febbraio al 22 luglio 2018, la mostra personale di Eva Kot’átková, a cura di Roberta Tenconi, concepita come un percorso di immagini e parole, un mondo labirintico e surreale che invita a produrre sogni e a sviluppare l’immaginazione, mettendo in luce le fantasie individuali, le paure e le sfide della società contemporanea. Per la mostra “The Dream Machine is Asleep” Eva Kot’átková ha sviluppato un progetto inedito e immersivo dove opere esistenti sono affiancate a nuove produzioni, tra installazioni, sculture, oggetti fuori scala, collage e momenti performativi. Partendo dalla visione del corpo umano come una macchina, un grande organismo il cui funzionamento necessita di revisioni, rigenerazione e riposo, e dall’idea del sonno come momento in cui attraverso i sogni si creano nuove visioni e mondi paralleli, la mostra esplora le nostre proiezioni e i pensieri più intimi, le ansie e il disorientamento del vivere contemporaneo.Il percorso espositivo raccoglie un’ampia selezione di opere, tra cui l’installazione e video Stomach of the World, 2017 e la serie di sculture Theatre of Speaking Objects, 2012, oltre a nuovi progetti, come l’installazione The Dream Machine is Asleep, 2018 che invade lo spazio con un gigantesco letto, un onirico generatore di idee e storie. L’intera mostra viene concepita come un organismo che, attraverso performance programmate, si anima e viene abitato da figure che si aggirano nello spazio attivando le opere con semplici azioni statiche, con coreografie più complesse o attraverso narrazioni orali estemporanee.
Eva Kot’átková (Praga, 1982) vive e lavora a Praga. Ha studiato all’Accademia di Belle Arti di Praga, al San Francisco Art Institute e alla Akademie der Bildenden Künste a Vienna. Ha esposto in diverse istituzioni, tra cui: Haus 21 – Museum of Contemporary Art, Vienna (2017); K21, Düsseldorf, Migros Museum, Zurigo e Ming Contemporary Art Museum, Shangai (2016); MIT List Visual Art’s Center, Cambridge, Massachussets (2015); Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Baden-Baden, e Schinkel Pavillon, Berlino (2014); Wroclaw Museum of Contemporary Art, Breslavia (2013). Ha partecipato a rassegne internazionali, come: 55a Biennale di Venezia e 5a Biennale di Arte Contemporanea di Mosca (2013); 18a Biennale di Sidney (2012); 11a Biennale di Lione (2011). Nel 2018 parteciperà inoltre al 47° International Film Festival di Rotterdam. (foto: Eva Kot’átková)

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Biased Algorithms are Everywhere So Who’s In Charge of the Programming?

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 24 gennaio 2018

algoritmoBiased Algorithms are everywhere, so at a critical moment in the evolution of machine learning and AI, we need to talk about the societal issues this poses, according to Ralph Müller-Eiselt, an expert in education policy and governance. Müller-Eiselt was interviewed by C. M. Rubin for The Global Search for Education. How do we ensure that algorithms are always conceived​ to achieve​ a positive impact for societies and education, rather than a danger or a risk? Müller-Eiselt states in The Global Search for Education interview that discussions and debate about “the goals of software systems with social impact” are needed since “it is up to us as a society to decide where such systems should be used and to make sure that they are designed with the right purposes in mind.” He believes that even “algorithms designed with good intentions can produce bad results.”
Müller-Eiselt also discusses how algorithms and AI will impact evolving education systems. While the use of algorithms and AI in education is “still in its initial phase,” he asserts that policy makers should not be waiting to see what happens and react after the fact, but that they should “actively shape regulation now towards sustaining the public good.” He adds that those organizations involved in the design and development of algorithms also have a critical role to play and should be reflecting on their “social responsibility” and how best to create “common standards for professional ethics in this field.”CMRubinWorld launched in 2010 to explore what kind of education would prepare students to succeed in a rapidly changing globalized world. Its award-winning series, The Global Search for Education, is a highly regarded trailblazer in the renaissance of 21st century education, and occupies a widely respected place in the pulse of key issues facing every nation and the collective future of all children. It connects today’s top thought leaders with a diverse global audience of parents, students and educators. Its highly readable platform allows for discourse concerning our highest ideals and the sustainable solutions we must engineer to achieve them. C. M. Rubin has produced hundreds of interviews and articles discussing an extensive array of topics under a singular vision: when it comes to the world of children, there is always more work to be done.

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‘Cash machine’ Apple creates poor societies

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 29 ottobre 2015

amsterdamAmsterdam. On the same day as Apple Inc. is set to announce its financial results for the fourth quarter, the GoodElectronics Network and SOMO are publishing a critical paper on the company. The paper explains how Apple is short-changing societies by acting as a financial investor when handling its enormous company profits instead of reinvesting it into the real economy. The multinational shrewdly minimises its corporate costs through the relentless offshoring of production and related ‘activities’ to low-wage countries and tax havens. Its accumulated returns far outstretch Apple’s capacity to reinvest its earnings productively. As a result, Apple increasingly operates like a large institutional investor, investing most of its mounting cash pile in financial markets.
The case of Apple does not stand on its own but is just one example of how multinational corporations have collectively come to embrace Wall Street’s maxim of shareholder value, leading to a global ‘race to the bottom’. The overall outcome of these developments is paradoxical.
Impoverishing societies. Never before were corporations more awash with cash, outside of a small group of corporate managers and shareholders hardly anyone is benefiting. On the contrary: corporate financial investments reinforce troubling trends of high unemployment, rising debts, inequality and fiscal austerity in Europe and the US an precarious and badly paid jobs in the Global South. When governments around the globe deal with lower corporate income taxes, it leads to hikes in different types of tax and/or reductions in public investments and services. All this at a time when workers worldwide are struggling with reduced purchasing power. As a result, mounting corporate riches based on cheap labour and relentless tax dodging reinforce ballooning public and private debts.
To contribute to a more balanced and sustainable economy, multinational corporations should be forced by governments to:
pay their fair share in taxes. Ultimately, from a long-term perspective these changes will also benefit multinational corporations, including Apple and their shareholders, as the status quo is simply unsustainable.

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Il 5G è la tecnologia delle auto del futuro

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 3 settembre 2015

auto da sognoIl mondo assisterà presto all’affermazione del 5G come fusione di tecnologie preesistenti, tra cui 2G, 3G, 4G e Wi-Fi, per consentire una maggiore copertura, disponibilità e densità di rete. Grazie al suo principale fattore di differenziazione, ossia la maggiore connettività, il 5G sarà l’elemento chiave per lo sviluppo dei veicoli autonomi, dei servizi machine-to-machine e machine-to-infrastrutture e di Internet delle cose. Si diffonderà anche nell’ambito degli aggiornamenti over-the-air (OTA) poiché l’automazione di livello 3 o 4 richiede l’elaborazione di un’enorme quantità di dati in tempo reale. Attraverso il 5G, l’ambito degli aggiornamenti OTA sarà in grado di migliorare l’esperienza dei clienti e di risparmiare sulle spese di richiamo. Una nuova analisi di Frost & Sullivan, intitolata “The Global Advent of 5G in Cars”, prevede che i paesi asiatici come la Corea del Sud e il Giappone saranno i leader di mercato nella commercializzazione del 5G, superando i concorrenti statunitensi ed europei. Grazie alla diffusione delle connessioni LTE (Long-Term Evolution), tecnologia che è piuttosto forte nei paesi asiatici (vicina al 63% in Corea del Sud e al 44% in Giappone), le infrastrutture disponibili possono facilmente supportare il 5G. I principali fornitori di servizi prevedono di implementare un progetto pilota alle Olimpiadi di Tokyo e alla FIFA World Cup in Russia entro il 2018. Nel frattempo, i fornitori di servizi asiatici come NTT, DoCoMo, Huawei e SKT hanno stretto varie partnership per sviluppare i test del 5G su diverse ampiezze di banda e per identificare il potenziale di questa tecnologia. “Tuttavia, la più grande sfida per i fornitori di servizi di rete è fare in modo che il 5G possa fornire una copertura end-to-end e raggiungere una latenza inferiore a un millisecondo, – afferma Ramnath Eswaravadivoo, analista di Frost & Sullivan. – Pertanto, i fornitori di servizi di rete avranno molto lavoro da fare per mantenere le promessa del 5G, ossia l’estensione senza soluzione di continuità dei servizi e della copertura ovunque e in qualsiasi momento, indipendentemente dal fatto che l’utente si trovi in una zona affollata come uno stadio o un centro cittadino, o in un villaggio o su treno ad alta velocità.” Se da una parte si prevede che le auto altamente automatizzate saranno commercializzate soltanto entro il 2020, il 5G sarà la forza trainante delle applicazioni per veicoli che coinvolgono l’apprendimento automatico, i sistemi di frenata e di sterzo, l’integrazione ECU, i sistemi GPS ad alta precisione, e la fusione dei sensori. Il 5G faciliterà anche lo sviluppo dei dispositivi indossabili, come occhiali e orologi intelligenti, e contribuirà a rendere la realtà aumentata e la realtà virtuale caratteristiche comuni nelle automobili.
Lo studio “The Global Advent of 5G in Cars” fa parte del programma Automotive & Transportation Growth Partnership Service. Altri studi di Frost & Sullivan collegati a questo argomento sono: “Augmented Reality in Cars in North America and the European Union”, “Health, Wellness, and Wellbeing Technologies in the Global Automotive Industry”, “The 48v Power-net Market in Europe and North America” e “The Future of Intelligent Mobility and its Impact on Transportation”. Tutte le analisi comprese nel servizio in abbonamento forniscono dettagliate opportunità di mercato e tendenze del settore, valutate in seguito ad esaurienti colloqui con gli operatori del mercato.

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