Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 32 n° 279

Posts Tagged ‘mechanism’

EU Civil Protection Mechanism must be sufficiently funded to save lives

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 8 marzo 2020

• At least EUR 1.4 billion needed for the 2021-2027 Civil Protection Mechanism
• Amount allocated for prevention, preparedness and response must be specified
• Larger part of the funding should go to preparedness
The Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee called for sufficient means to match the needs of the EU’s Civil Protection Mechanism programme post-2020.The EU Civil Protection Mechanism (CPM) has supported member states to save lives in the midst of earthquakes, hurricanes and floods, fighting forest fires and evacuating EU nationals in crisis – including during the current COVID-19 outbreak in China – by coordinating and assisting in civil protection efforts.The report, approved today by the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee with 60 votes to 2 and 7 abstentions, underlines the need to fund the CPM through the EU’s next 2021-2027 long-term budget with at least EUR 1.4 billion, as initially proposed by the Commission.To be more transparent about the use of EU funding, MEPs also believe that how money is allocated across the three pillars of the mechanism “prevention, preparedness and response” must be specified.The committee also underlines that a significantly larger amount should be allocated to preparedness, including for the purchase of necessary new rescEU equipment, materials and resources. RescEU assist member states hit by disasters when national capacities are overstretched.Finally, MEPs are also prepared to give the Commission greater flexibility to make any necessary changes over the next seven years.After the vote the rapporteur, Nikos ANDROULAKIS (SD, Greece) said: “Today’s vote shows Parliament’s willingness to ensure that the EU Civil Protection Mechanism will be able to deliver. The cuts to the budget proposed by member states for one of the most successful and cost-efficient EU programmes are unacceptable. RescEU assets and civil protection operations need to be properly supported and defended: they embody EU solidarity at its best.” The plenary will now vote on the report in one of its upcoming sessions, after which Parliament is ready to start negotiations with member states.

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Mechanism to protect democracy in the EU needed more than ever, says the EP

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 18 novembre 2018

MEPs want respect of EU values to be assessed every year in all member states
Current dialogue framework not enough to prevent or remedy threats to the rule of law
Call on the Council to “properly assume” its role in the ongoing Article 7 procedures
The EU needs a comprehensive, permanent and objective mechanism to protect democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights, said EP on Wednesday.In a non-legislative resolution, MEPs regret that the European Commission has so far not presented a legislative proposal to set up such a mechanism, which the Chamber requested in October 2016.They note that, since then, the Parliament took the unprecedented step of calling on the Council to trigger Article 7 of the EU Treaty against Hungary and determine the existence of a clear risk of a serious breach by Hungary of the EU’s founding values, while the Commission took the initiative regarding Poland and also requested that Article 7 proceedings be opened.Plenary calls on the Council to “properly assume” its institutional role in these ongoing procedures, to inform Parliament immediately and fully at all stages, and to invite Parliament to present its reasoned proposal on Hungary to the Council.They also point to rising concerns regarding democracy and rule of law in Malta, Slovakia and Romania and to the high number of infringement procedures against several member states in the field of justice, fundamental rights and citizenship.The text, which was passed by show of hands, wraps up the debate held in plenary on 23 October with the Commission´s First Vice-President Frans Timmermans and the Austrian Presidency of the Council.The Parliament warns that the challenges to the rule of law and democracy across the EU pose a risk to freedom, security and justice and to the legitimacy of the EU’s external action, particularly in relation to its accession and neighbourhood policies.MEPs underline that the rule of law framework set up by the Commission in 2014, which has only been used with Poland, has proven insufficient to prevent or remedy the threats.The mechanism proposed by the EP would be based on an annual, evidence-based assessment of all member states’ compliance with the values enshrined in Article 2 of the EU Treaty, including country-specific recommendations – as is done for economic policies – followed by an inter-parliamentary debate.This new instrument, says the resolution, could be linked to the draft legislation proposed by the Commission to protect the EU’s budget in case of deficiencies as regards the rule of law.

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Visa suspension mechanism: Parliament and Council negotiators strike a deal

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 9 dicembre 2016

The EU Commission and member states will be able to reimpose visa requirements faster and more easily under new rules agreed by Parliament and Council negotiators on Wednesday. Parliament´s rapporteur for the preuropean commissionoposal, Agustín Díaz de Mera (EPP, ES), noted that “the changes agreed provide flexibility for the rapid activation of the suspension mechanism”. He also underlined that the deal “will facilitate the immediate consideration of the two visa liberalization proposals for Georgia and Ukraine.”
According to the deal, visa requirements may be reintroduced for a non-EU country in one or more of the following cases:
· a substantial increase in the number of nationals of that country refused entry or irregularly staying in the EU territory,
· a substantial increase in unfounded asylum applications, or
· a lack of cooperation on readmissions (returns of migrants).
Visas could also be reintroduced in the event of threats to public policy or internal security related to nationals of the third country concerned.The informal deal will be put to a vote in the Civil Liberties Committee on Thursday around noon. If approved, it will still need to be endorsed by Parliament as a whole, probably next week, and national governments.
The review of the visa suspension mechanism, which has existed since 2013, is linked to the proposals to grant visa-free access to the EU to Ukraine, Georgia and Kosovo, currently under discussion.
Under the draft law, both member states and the European Commission will be able to trigger the suspension mechanism. The Commission will be in charge of monitoring the situation in visa-exempt countries and reporting to Parliament and the Council on whether they still fulfill visa waiver conditions such as respect for human rights.
Following a notification by a member state (or a request by a simple majority of member states), or based on its own report, the Commission will have one month in which to decide to suspend the visa waiver for nine months. This decision will take effect automatically.During the suspension period, the Commission should try, together with the country concerned, to find solutions to the circumstances that led to the suspension.If the situation persists, the Commission will have to present, at the latest two months before the end of the nine-month period, a proposal to prolong the temporary restoration of visa requirements for an additional period of 18 months. Both MEPs and member states can object to this decision.The Commission may also decide at any point to present a legislative proposal to move a non-EU country from the list of countries exempted of visa requirements to the list of those that are subject to them.
Targeting categories of third country nationalsThe suspension of the visa waiver may target certain categories of nationals of the third country concerned. The draft text stresses, however, that categories will have to be sufficiently large to address the specific problems detected while being proportionate to the threat. The visa suspension mechanism will not apply to the UK or Ireland.

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MEPs want a binding and permanent scheme to distribute asylum seekers in the EU

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 17 luglio 2015

european parliamentA binding emergency mechanism to relocate an initial total of 40,000 asylum seekers from Italy and Greece to other EU member states was backed by civil liberties MEPs on Thursday. An upcoming permanent scheme, on which Parliament will decide jointly with the Council, must be based “on a more substantial contribution to solidarity and responsibility-sharing among member states”, MEPs say.”Parliament’s civil liberties committee has shown the Council today what’s what. While member states are muddling through and cannot agree on how to distribute 40,000 refugees, our committee has supported a binding distribution key by a large majority. There is no doubt that in the domain of migration policy, Europe obtains results only if all countries work together. We are also calling for a permanent distribution mechanism which must go substantially beyond the current proposals,” said the civil liberties committee rapporteur, Ska Keller (Greens/EFA, DE).
“It is particularly important that refugees are not sent as pieces of cargo through the EU, but that their preferences are taken into account. This is the only way to support the integration of refugees and prevent them from moving to another member state. Respecting the interests of refugees is essential for the success of the distribution key,” she added. The legislative resolution was approved by 42 votes to 14.
Parliament is consulted on this temporary emergency relocation mechanism under Article 78(3) of the Treaty. EU home affairs ministers will meet on 20 July to discuss it. Parliament will vote on its position in September. Once it has been adopted by the Council the decision will enter into force on the day after its publication in the EU Official Journal. When a permanent relocation system is proposed – which the Commission has said it will do by the end of the year – Parliament will have codecison powers, meaning that it will decide on the permanent scheme on an equal footing with the Council of the EU (member states).

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ISDS in TTIP: the devil is in the details

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 17 gennaio 2015

investitoriWhat should we think about the inclusion of an Investor State Dispute Settlement mechanism (ISDS) in the planned Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership? Although 93% of bilateral investment treaties contain an ISDS mechanism, this issue has caused much concern in Europe.
Shedding light on this debate, Elvire Fabry and Giorgio Garbasso begin by taking stock of the use of ISDS in the world and in the transatlantic sphere over the past 50 years.
These mechanisms were introduced by Europeans in the 1960s, and it is Europeans who have made the most use of them. However, the rise in the total number of disputes over the past ten years has led certain States to change their strategies.The researchers present a careful analysis of the arguments in the present debate.
1. On one hand, the business world defends the benefit of such an instrument in attracting FDI, because it guarantees a safe and predictable legal framework and depoliticised dispute settlement.
2. On the other hand, its detractors consider the instrument to be illegitimate or unnecessary in the TTIP framework and esteem that it will infringe on the legislative capacity of sovereign states.
3. Finally, the negotiators seek to accommodate these different positions while keeping in mind the geostrategic interest of including an ISDS in TTIP.The devil is in the details of these various issues. We must seek out arguments that seek to develop alternatives to – or that adapt– ISDS’ model.

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