Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 259

Posts Tagged ‘member states’

Migrant border crossings remain challenging in some Member States

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 27 febbraio 2018

Looking at the situation across 14 EU Member States, the report reveals how in Croatia, France and Poland migrants are being sent back without the chance to lodge claims for international protection. In Hungary the border transit zone policy has tightened with the daily cap of people being admitted falling from ten to two. This may lead to people left waiting in Serbia for years. In addition, Austria, Denmark, France, Germany and Sweden continue to maintain temporary border controls.Although asylum applications across the EU, almost halved in 2017 compared to 2016, it varied from country to country. In most Member States numbers continued to fall, with the exception of France, Greece and Spain. For those already in the EU, problems remain. The situation of people arriving irregularly in Spain by sea remained critical. According to the Ministry of Interior, more than 22,100 people arrived in 2017 – almost triple the number in 2016. Last year, some 223 people died trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to reach Spain, while this year, at least 75 have already lost their lives. Newcomers continued to face difficulties accessing asylum procedures, and the identification and treatment of vulnerable people, such as children, women or victims of trafficking remained inappropriate.In Greece, in the hotspots on the islands of Chios and Samos, several people including families with very small children were facing harsh weather conditions in tents without heating.
In France, the authorities continued to take – sometimes violent – evacuation measures against informal camps reappearing in the north of France at Calais and Grande-Synthe, where several hundred people are living, NGOs reported. Many children in Ventimiglia, Italy, are living in informal camps in appalling conditions or in the local reception centre together with adult asylum seekers, according to media reports. In Sicily, the NGO ‘Terres des Hommes’ reported that some children who arrived from Libya in extremely poor psychological and physical condition had to wait up to 13 months in local first reception centres before being transferred to reception centres for children.Family reunification also posed difficulties in many places. Over 3,800 asylum seekers eligible for family reunification under the Dublin Regulation have been waiting over six months in Greece to depart for Germany. In the Netherlands, applications for family reunification take on average over 10 months, instead of the six prescribed by law. In Germany and Sweden, laws limit family reunification and in Croatia reunification procedures are complex.
The Agency collects data about the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements. This report covers 14 Member States: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Sweden. FRA has published its migration overviews since September 2015.

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Mass surveillance of EU citizens

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 28 settembre 2015

european parliamentA resolution on the electronic mass surveillance of EU citizens, following up that of March 2014 which was approved by the European Parliament in light of whistleblower Edward Snowden’s revelations, will be voted by the Civil Liberties Committee on Thursday. Members will address new cases of mass surveillance, what the European Commission and member states have or have not done to take account of Parliament’s recommendations and data transfers to the US, including under the Safe Harbour scheme.

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FRA steps up migration work in response to ongoing tragedies

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 29 agosto 2015

balcaniFollowing the latest tragedy in which more than 70 migrants suffocated in a lorry that was abandoned on the Austrian motorway, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) expresses its shock and reiterates its calls for the fundamental rights of all those reaching the EU to be respected.“Europe’s recent history has taught us bitter lessons about the plight of those who seek refuge from war, from torture, from persecution in another country. Almost 20 years after the last conflict in the Balkans and 70 years after WWII, it is time to reflect on how we deal with the new challenge of asylum seekers travelling through Europe by land or crossing the Mediterranean to find shelter in the EU,” said FRA interim Director Constantinos Manolopoulos. “We are facing a humanitarian and a human rights emergency and many EU citizens are welcoming the desperate people seeking asylum, because, whether or not they have permits, visas or passports, they have a right to life and to dignity. It is the moral and legal duty of the Union and its Member States, despite the great difficulties this may entail, first to address the humanitarian emergency in an efficient and effective manner; secondly, to protect and fulfil the right to seek international protection without risking lives.”Already at FRA’s 2014 Fundamental Rights Conference Fundamental Rights and Migration to the EU, participants discussed the need for a more holistic approach to migration and asylum policy in the EU and emphasised that fundamental rights must be at the very heart of such policies and not just one element of them among many. FRA has also pointed out that there are currently few legal avenues by which people in need of protection can access the EU. In Legal entry channels to the EU for persons in need of international protection: a toolbox, FRA presents a number of ways in which Member States could enable more people in need to reach the EU without resorting to smugglers.In recognition of the urgency of the growing humanitarian crisis at the EU’s borders, FRA is now stepping up its work in the area of asylum and migration. For example:
On 3 September FRA will publish its latest report, The cost of exclusion from healthcare – the case of migrants in an irregular situation. The report details the findings of the Agency’s research into the comparative costs of providing healthcare access or emergency treatment only to irregular migrants in three EU Member States
FRA is supporting its sister agencies, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and the border management agency Frontex, with the development of a common training tool for border guards and asylum officers. A major FRA project underway on the social inclusion and democratic participation of migrants and their descendants in Member States will be used as the basis for developing fundamental rights indicators that can be used throughout the EU, thus helping to increase integration and prevent radicalisation. FRA is conducting a large-scale research project on the fundamental rights impact of the collecting, storing and using the biometrics data collected in the three large-scale IT systems (Eurodac, the Schengen Information System and Visa Information System) established to exchange personal data in the area of asylum and borders.

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Capacity mechanisms in the EU: nationalizing energy security?

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 23 maggio 2015

energy securityOn 25 February 2015, the European Commission presented its Energy Union Package which illustrated a vision for the future of the European energy sector. Being ambitious in its objectives Commission’s reaction might be coming too late as national initiatives aimed at increasing energy security have already been unilaterally set in motion by the member states.What is the impact of national interventions, especially of the capacity mechanisms, on the internal energy market? Do national energy strategies undermine central principles of the European energy trading? Jekaterina Grigorjeva tries to answer these questions in her Policy Paper and arrives at following conclusions.
– Only compatible capacity mechanism designs with explicit participation models will allow for an effective ‘co-existence’ of the national capacity mechanisms and the European internal energy market.
– European Energy Union is about optimization of resources and infrastructure on the European level. The realization of the need of co-operation in addressing the current problems is still missing among the member states.
– Protection of the old national equilibrium will not solve the issues faced by the member states but only postpone the progress towards a more sustainable European energy sector. (photo. energy security)

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