Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 321

Posts Tagged ‘multilateral’

Conference on multilateral diplomacy and future warfare

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 22 novembre 2019

To commemorate the 70th anniversary of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the Istituto Svizzero and the Swiss Embassy in Italy invite, in collaboration with the University Roma Tre and The University of Geneva, the Roman public to a discussion about both the achievements and the challenges in current international humanitarian law (IHL). The DISPUTE series provides a platform for citizen engagement relating to the globalization and the future of contemporary societies. Proposing a new topic every year, the forum aims to strengthen civic participation and public debate.This year’s edition puts the role and relevance of the IHL up for debate. Featuring politicians, scholars, representatives of states, armed forces, the Red Cross Movement and non-governmental activist groups, interested citizens have the chance to participate in an informed discussion with experienced specialists who can give a clear idea of what IHL is, what it does, and what its challenges for the future are. The conference will be accompanied by two commentators, whose role is to highlight important themes and arguments in wrap-up sessions following each panel.During the last decades, multilateral diplomacy has not always been effective despite sustained efforts of the international community to develop new international instruments in order to face current and upcoming challenges in IHL. The trend in favor of unilateral solutions and the shifting of priority from international concerns to national interests is noticeable in a number of States.Inherent features of IHL render law-making in this domain particularly difficult. For instance, various actors are involved in contemporary armed conflicts, such as organized armed groups or international organizations and accommodating their perspectives in a State-centric international system remains a challenge.Against this backdrop, the DISPUTE series will offer the opportunity to panelists and the audience to reflect on possible venues to enhance and continuously ensure effective protection to victims of armed conflicts. Furthermore, the session will explore the continued relevance of the Geneva Conventions and other multilateral IHL treaties highlighting best practice examples from armed conflict situations.
Two panels will focus on selected challenges that have arisen in recent armed conflicts. Particular attention will be paid to non-international armed conflicts and related issues pertaining to non-state actors as well as to the protection of cultural heritage in armed conflicts. Discussions will not only demonstrate the complexity of IHL application and humanitarian action in armed conflicts but also give a picture of the global community’s handling of these complexities.
The third session concerns new technologies and their potential impact on the future of warfare. The rapid development of technologies and artificial intelligence with potential military applications may radically change the face of armed conflicts. Drones are increasingly used, cyberspace has emerged as a new battlefield, and automated weapons systems such as combat robots may be defining future wars. At the same time, modern technologies can improve the application of IHL and the enforcement of such rules in case of violations. These changes have not only ethical implications but also pose legal and practical problems to IHL. A simultaneous translation in English-Italian will be provided.

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Conference on multilateral diplomacy and future warfare

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 7 novembre 2019

Roma 22-23 novembre 2019 H15:00 and 23/11 H11:00 Via Liguria 20 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the Istituto Svizzero and the Swiss Embassy in Italy invite, in collaboration with the University Roma Tre and The University of Geneva, the Roman public to a discussion about both the achievements and the challenges in current international humanitarian law (IHL). The DISPUTE series provides a platform for citizen engagement relating to the globalization and the future of contemporary societies. Proposing a new topic every year, the forum aims to strengthen civic participation and public debate.This year’s edition puts the role and relevance of the IHL up for debate. Featuring politicians, scholars, representatives of states, armed forces, the Red Cross Movement and non-governmental activist groups, interested citizens have the chance to participate in an informed discussion with experienced specialists who can give a clear idea of what IHL is, what it does, and what its challenges for the future are. The conference will be accompanied by two commentators (already confirmed is Yves Daccord, general director, ICRC) whose role is to highlight important themes and arguments in wrap-up sessions following each panel.The conference will focus on three different fields of interest:
Multilateral diplomacy and IHL: does it still work? During the last decades, multilateral diplomacy has not always been effective despite sustained efforts of the international community to develop new international instruments in order to face current and upcoming challenges in IHL. The trend in favor of unilateral solutions and the shifting of priority from international concerns to national interests is noticeable in a number of States.Inherent features of IHL render law-making in this domain particularly difficult. For instance, various actors are involved in contemporary armed conflicts, such as organized armed groups or international organizations and accommodating their perspectives in a State-centric international system remains a challenge.Against this backdrop, the DISPUTE series will offer the opportunity to panelists and the audience to reflect on possible venues to enhance and continuously ensure effective protection to victims of armed conflicts. Furthermore, the session will explore the continued relevance of the Geneva Conventions and other multilateral IHL treaties highlighting best practice examples from armed conflict situations.
Lights and shadows: how is IHL interpreted and applied? Two panels will focus on selected challenges that have arisen in recent armed conflicts. Particular attention will be paid to non-international armed conflicts and related issues pertaining to non-state actors as well as to the protection of cultural heritage in armed conflicts. Discussions will not only demonstrate the complexity of IHL application and humanitarian action in armed conflicts but also give a picture of the global community’s handling of these complexities.
The future of warfare: what set of rules do we need? The third session concerns new technologies and their potential impact on the future of warfare. The rapid development of technologies and artificial intelligence with potential military applications may radically change the face of armed conflicts. Drones are increasingly used, cyberspace has emerged as a new battlefield, and automated weapons systems such as combat robots may be defining future wars. At the same time, modern technologies can improve the application of IHL and the enforcement of such rules in case of violations. These changes have not only ethical implications but also pose legal and practical problems to IHL.

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Non-EU seasonal workers: EP/Council deal on better social rights and conditions

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 4 novembre 2013

Non-EU seasonal workers will get better working and living conditions, including a minimum wage and proper accommodation, under a draft law agreed by Parliament and Council and backed by national governments on Tuesday. These rules aim both to end exploitation and to prevent temporary stays from becoming permanent. They are to be put to a plenary vote in January 2014.The European Commission estimates that over 100,000 third-country seasonal workers come to the EU every year.“We finally have agreement on a Directive that manages temporary, legal migration and ensures protection of workers from exploitation. It will be a strong tool to ensure humane conditions for low wage workers, discourage undercutting, and benefit good employers”, said Parliament’s rapporteur Claude Moraes (S&D, UK) on the compromise.
These rules, the first to be agreed at EU level on seasonal work, will not affect the right of member states to decide how many seasonal workers they allow in. Member states will also be free to widen the definition of “seasonal work” beyond the traditional one of tourism and agricultural work such as fruit picking, provided they consult social partners where appropriate and ensure that all the activities defined have a “seasonal aspect”.
Any application to enter the EU as a seasonal worker will have to include a work contract or a binding job offer specifying essentials such as pay and working hours, says the agreed text. At MEPs’ request, it will also include evidence that the worker will have appropriate accommodation. Where accommodation is arranged by the employer, the rent must not be excessive or be automatically deducted from a worker’s wage, says the agreed text.
The deal says non-EU seasonal workers will have the same rights as EU nationals as regards minimum working age, pay, dismissal, working hours, holidays, and health and safety requirements. They will also have the right to join a trade union and have access to social security, pensions, training, advice on seasonal work offered by employment offices and other public services, except for public housing.

Posted in Economia/Economy/finance/business/technology, Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , , | 1 Comment »

Challenges and prospects of a transatlantic free trade area

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 12 ottobre 2013

Policy paper – Bertrand de Largentaye Download the fileDownload the file. This Policy paper by Bertrand de Largentaye analyses the challenges and perspectives of the transatlantic agreement under discussion between the European Union and the United States of America.
Negotiations with a view to setting up a free-trade area between the United States and the European Union got off the ground in July 2013 with two major economicgoals, namely: to seek a fresh boost for the economy in order to allow it to emerge from the crisis; and to circumvent the obstacle of the deadlock over the multilateral negotiations in Doha.The central issue concerns regulatory non-tariff barriers essentially of a regulatory nature.Before discussing the outlines of the upcoming negotiations, the author starts by setting the scene and looking at the current situation. He then makes some critical observations on the prospects opened up by the partnership. To conclude, he formulates possible scenarios and make recommendations.

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Germany and the EU : a new cycle?

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 3 ottobre 2013

Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany

Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The verdict of the general elections in Germany on 22 September 2013 helps to clarify Europe’s political future, that J. Delors, A. Vitorino and Y. Bertoncini invite to adress in a constructive manner, on the basis of three complementary observations :
1 – The new coalition is likely to be more committed to European issues.
2 – The German authorities’ position of strength must be better grasped.
3 – The German and European authorities could help the EU to progress in several areas.
The conclude this Notre Europe – Jacques Delors Institute Viewpoint by underlining that it’s because Germany andits partners to feel as active players in single destiny that the EU will be able to move forward with determination in a new political, economic and social cycle.

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Offer from European Citizen Action Service

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 18 ottobre 2011

The legislative triangle of the European Union

Image via Wikipedia

To celebrate our 20th anniversary we are making a particularly attractive offer to new members, who can benefit from our help with European funding, lobbying and networking.Our offer unbeatable is scope and includes:
· The ECAS start-up pack on European fundraising and lobbying. This comprises not only a 200 page book on European funds available for the non profit-sector but also new and very practical shorter guides: our tips for the would-be European lobbyist is a must for engagement with the EU Institutions: our tips for the would be European fundraiser includes also a list of EU budget; our tips for potential organizers of European citizens initiatives is about the right of over 1million European citizens to demand a European law. Resources and campaigning skills will be necessary to participate in using this first-ever right to transnational participatory democracy.
· A monthly update with the “European citizen”. This newsletter for members monitors EU developments and alerts you to funding opportunities with a list of calls for proposals and tenders and also opportunities to make your voice heard by tracking consultation procedures and forthcoming events. There is also extensive monitoring in short messages with links to key contacts; projects or agendas on themes such as social innovation.
· A copy of our guide 2012/2013 to European funding. The 18th edition of our guide will cover European programmes in a wide range of sectors, social and regional funds, funds for supporting civil society in the countries of the Arab and eastern neighborhood, human rights and development in the rest of the world.

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“Democracy and Development”

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 20 agosto 2011

Flight over Manhattan, New York City

Image by meironke via Flickr

New York The New York Office of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research and the United Nations Democracy Fund are pleased to announce the launch of a panel on “Democracy and Development”, on Thursday, 1 September, from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., at United Nations Headquarters in New York. This panel, intended for members of Permanent Missions to the United Nations in New York, will explore the links between democracy and development and ask whether democracy is a necessary element for economic development. This is a vast and complex issue where political rhetoric often supplants rational analysis. The objective of the panel is to eschew the rhetoric and concentrate on the analysis. In his guidance note on democracy, the Secretary-General makes the point that “development is more likely to take hold if people are given a genuine say in their own governance and a chance to share in the fruits of progress”. The issue will be investigated from both theoretical and case study approaches. There are in fact two massive ongoing case studies, which are the differing paths to development adopted by China and India. Both have enjoyed success, and it will be important to draw the lessons from these cases. The panel has distinguished commentators who will no doubt spark a lively debate. The panellists are Zhang Dan, Counsellor at the Permanent Mission China to the United Nations; Morton H. Halperin, a former United States diplomat and senior adviser to the Open Society Foundations, who co-wrote a book entitled The Democracy Advantage: How Democracies Promote Prosperity and Peace; and Roland Rich, a former Australian diplomat and current Executive Head of the United Nations Democracy Fund, whose most recent publication is Pacific Asia in Quest of Democracy. Yvonne Lodico, Head of the New York Office of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and former Special Adviser in Timor-Leste for democratic governance, will co-chair the panel discussion. The event should lead to understanding among the participants of the linkages between democracy and development and enable them to analyse the possible effects of different governance systems on economic development. http://www.un.org/democracyfund.

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Europe Appoints Dan Smith as Post Trade Manager

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 23 febbraio 2010

London, Nasdaq Omx Europe (Neuro)  announced the appointment of Dan Smith as Post Trade Manager.  In his new capacity Mr. Smith will spearhead NEURO’s Post Trade strategy, working closely with central counterparty clearinghouses to increase efficiency and reduce costs for trading participants.  In addition, Mr. Smith will be the primary contact with General Clearing Firms and lead NEURO’s effort to promote interoperability between clearinghouses.  Currently a Managing Director in the Markets Development Team at NEURO, Mr. Smith will continue to be responsible for new initiatives such as the Sponsored Access Program and the extension of NEURO’s offering to Central and Eastern European markets.
Nasdaq Omx Europe, the most competitively priced multilateral trading facility in Europe, is the first platform to connect European liquidity pools with Pan-European routing. Nasdaq Omx Europe currently trades approximately 1,200 securities including constituents of the main European indices, ETFs and other highly liquid securities. For more information about Nasdaq Omx Europe, visit http://www.nasdaqomxeurope.com.
The Nasdaq Omx Group, Inc. is the world’s largest exchange company. It delivers trading, exchange technology and public company services across six continents, with approximately 3,700 listed companies. Nasdaq Omx offers multiple capital raising solutions to companies around the globe, including its U.S. listings market, Nasdaq Omx Nordic, Nasdaq Omx Baltic, Nasdaq Omx First North, and the U.S. 144A sector. The company offers trading across multiple asset classes including equities, derivatives, debt, commodities, structured products and exchange-traded funds. Nasdaq Omx technology supports the operations of over 70 exchanges, clearing organizations and central securities depositories in more than 50 countries.  http://www.nasdaqomx.com

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