Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 33 n° 244

Posts Tagged ‘north africa’

Substantial changes are needed to address drought in the Near East and North Africa region

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 19 giugno 2018

FAO has called for a marked change in the way drought is perceived and managed in the region of the Middle East and North Africa. In a new report published today we read that a more proactive approach based on the principles of risk reduction is needed to build greater resistance to drought.Although drought is a family phenomenon in the region, over the past four decades, it has become more widespread, prolonged and frequent, most likely due to climate change.
The region is not only particularly prone to drought, but is also one of the poorest areas of water in the world, with the desert making up three quarters of its territory.The technical, administrative and financial capabilities of the Near East and North Africa to deal with drought are inadequate and make farmers and shepherds – the first and most affected by drought – even more vulnerable.Farmers and shepherds face increasing challenges when water becomes scarcer, the most degraded and eroded land and the most fragile land.However, too much attention is being paid to recovering from drought rather than being less exposed to it, with insufficient funding, little preparation and poor coordination, which remain enormous limits to overcome, the report warns.”We need to perceive and manage drought differently and move from responding to emergencies to a more proactive policy and long-term planning to reduce risks and create more resilience,” said Rene Castro, Assistant Director-General of FAO, of the Department of Climate, Biodiversity, Earth and Water.”The report assesses gaps in current drought management and provides a solid foundation for helping governments to rethink policies and reformulate preparedness and response plans by offering solutions that take into account the specific context of each country,” added Castro.Launched for World Day to combat desertification and drought, the report was developed by the FAO and the Water for Food Daugherty Global Institute of the University of Nebraska.It covers 20 countries in the region: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.Although preventing or mitigating the impact of drought may be cheaper than providing relief, this has not necessarily resulted in planning actions, budget allocations and changes in institutional behavior.Providing emergency food assistance, access to water, fodder and job creation are the most common approaches adopted by the governments of the region to support populations affected by drought.It is true that they are essential interventions to save lives and alleviate hunger, but they have different limitations as they do not help vulnerable populations to become more resistant to future shocks.Many countries do not have specific drought-specific structures and action plans.When planning against drought, coordination at the highest levels of government must also be strengthened.Current agricultural policies are making the earth more degraded and impoverished, and must be re-examined to mitigate the impact of drought.
The report argues that it is essential to develop and implement national drought management policies that are consistent with the development goals of the countries and to create early warning systems. It recommends spreading technologies to combat drought and supporting policies and incentives to use land and water resources rationally.Cultivating water scarcity and fast-ripening crops, as well as encouraging advanced irrigation methods (including drip irrigation and spraying) are some of the measures that should be taken on a large scale to combat climate change.Also setting plots of land aside to grow trees in agricultural fields and pastures to ensure their growth is a practice that can generate multipurpose trees to mitigate the impact of drought.Traditional livestock breeding practices – keeping breeding rates low and grazing herds when fodder is low – can reduce the risk of overgrazing and soil degradation. SOURCE Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

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Sekisui Diagnostics Announces Launch of OSOM® BVBLUE® Rapid Test for Bacterial Vaginosis in Europe, Middle East and North Africa

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 gennaio 2017

osomLEXINGTON, Massachusetts, /PRNewswire/ — Today, Sekisui Diagnostics announces the launch of the OSOM® BVBLUE® Test in Europe, Middle East and North Africa. The OSOM® BVBLUE® Test, which is used in the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV), is now CE marked. The test provides accurate results with minimal hands on time through detection of elevated levels of the enzyme sialidase produced by the four major pathogens associated with the condition.The OSOM® BVBLUE® Test, combined with the OSOM® Trichomonas Test, provide comprehensive diagnostic tools for two of the most common vaginal and sexually transmitted infections in the world. “Worldwide, it is estimated that 20 –30 % of women of reproductive age attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics suffer from BV, the prevalence of which can be as high as 50–60 % in high-risk populations”.The OSOM® BVBLUE® Test delivers fast, accurate results in 10 minutes by utilizing a simple procedure with less than one minute hands on time. The ability to rapidly diagnose a BV infection is beneficial to the patient in order to begin immediate and proper treatment, while reducing the chance of serious health complications.In studies, the OSOM® BVBLUE® Test demonstrated highly accurate results with 92.8% sensitivity and 98% specificity vs. Gram Stain, with the added benefit of objective result interpretation. Along with the accuracy of the statue_lexington_massachusettsresults, the OSOM® BVBLUE® Test provides economic benefits by helping to reduce the intensive labor and also the need for advanced expertise required to perform and interpret Gram Stains by microscopy.
“Sekisui Diagnostics is committed to providing products that can have a direct impact on the improvement of patient care,” says Lee Lipski, Vice President of Global Sales and Marketing, Sekisui Diagnostics. “Building on the successful adoption of this test in the US, we are pleased to be able to offer the OSOM® BVBLUE® Test internationally, which now enables physicians and laboratories in those countries to offer simple and efficient testing for both bacterial vaginosis and trichomonas infections.”Along with these women’s health products, Sekisui Diagnostics provides a broad line of OSOM® rapid tests for Influenza, Strep A, Mononucleosis, Helicobacter pylori, hCG and Faecal Occult Blood. Sekisui’s Diagnostics expanding Point-of-Care product line also includes the FastPack® IP System, which offers a convenient, rapid, decentralized testing solution for Vitamin D, Testosterone, PSA, Free PSA, TSH, Free T4, and hCG.Point-of-Care Testing (POCT) is a highly relevant and growing area of diagnostics, particularly due to the increased focus on cost efficiency through rapid and appropriate treatment. Market analysis and consulting firm Enterprise Analysis Corporation estimated the global market for POC testing at $5,924 million in 2015. (photo: osom)

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Migrants and the Mediterranean – UN rights expert visits Italy to follow up on EU border management study

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 4 dicembre 2014

african_migrants.jpg.crop_displayGENEVA UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, François Crépeau, will visit Italy from 2 to 5 December 2014 as a follow-up to his 2012 year-long study on the management of the external borders of the European Union, which took him to Tunisia, Turkey, Greece and Brussels where he met with EU Institutions. Crépeau will also visit Malta from 6 to 10 December in this regard.
“This year, we have seen an unprecedented number of migrants and asylum seekers arrive in the Euro-Mediterranean region. Italy’s long coastline, and proximity to North Africa, continues to make it a key point of entry for many migrants seeking to reach Europe,” Crépeau said. During the mission to Italy, the human rights expert will meet with a range of Government officials responsible for border management, international organisations, migrant organisations, and migrants themselves, to discuss the complex management of the Italian border. At the end of the mission, the UN Special Rapporteur will share his preliminary conclusions at a press conference on 5 December 2014 at 12pm, at the Italian Society For International Organization, Piazza di San Marco, 51, 00186 Roma. Details of the press conference in Malta will be made available in the coming days. The Special Rapporteur’s study will result in a follow-up country mission report and a thematic report on EU border management to be presented to the UN Human Rights Council in June 2015.
François Crépeau (Canada) was appointed Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants in June 2011 by the UN Human Rights Council, for an initial period of three years. As Special Rapporteur, he is independent from any government or organization and serves in his individual capacity. Mr. Crépeau is also Full Professor at the Faculty of Law of McGill University, in Montréal, where he holds the Hans and Tamar Oppenheimer Chair in Public International Law and is scientific director of the Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Learn more, log on to: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/migration/rapporteur/index.htm

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Europe surpasses the half billion mark in 2011

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 17 gennaio 2012

Despite persistent economic uncertainty, tourist arrivals to Europe reached 503 million in 2011, accounting for 28 million of the 41 million additional international arrivals recorded worldwide. Central and Eastern Europe and Southern Mediterranean destinations (+8% each) experienced the best results. Although part of the growth in Southern Mediterranean Europe resulted from a shift in traffic away from the Middle East and North Africa, destinations in the Mediterranean also profited from improved outbound flows from markets such as Scandinavia, Germany and the Russian Federation.Asia and the Pacific (+6%) was up 11 million arrivals in 2011, reaching a total 216 million international tourists. South Asia and South-East Asia (both +9%) benefited from strong intraregional demand, while growth was comparatively weaker in North-East Asia (+4%) and Oceania (+0.3%), partly due to the temporary decline in the Japanese outbound market.The Americas (+4%) saw an increase of 6 million arrivals, reaching 156 million in total. South America, up by 10% for the second consecutive year, continued to lead growth. Central America and the Caribbean (both +4%) maintained the growth rates of 2010. North America, with a 3% increase, hit the 100 million tourists mark in 2011.Africa maintained international arrivals at 50 million, as the gain of two million by Sub-Saharan destinations (+7%) was offset by the losses in North Africa (-12%). The Middle East (-8%) lost an estimated 5 million international tourist arrivals, totalling 55 million. Nevertheless, some destinations such as Saudi Arabia, Oman and the United Arab Emirates sustained steady growth.

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International tourism to reach one billion in 2012

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 17 gennaio 2012

International tourist arrivals grew by over 4% in 2011 to 980 million, according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. With growth expected to continue in 2012, at a somewhat slower rate, international tourist arrivals are on track to reach the milestone one billion mark later this year.International tourist arrivals grew by 4.4% in 2011 to a total 980 million, up from 939 million in 2010, in a year characterised by a stalled global economic recovery, major political changes in the Middle East and North Africa and natural disasters in Japan. By region, Europe (+6%) was the best performer, while by subregion South-America (+10%) topped the ranking. Contrary to previous years, growth was higher in advanced economies (+5.0%) than in emerging ones (+3.8%), due largely to the strong results in Europe, and the setbacks in the Middle East and North Africa.“International tourism hit new records in 2011 despite the challenging conditions,” said UNWTO Secretary-General, Taleb Rifai. “For a sector directly responsible for 5% of the world’s GDP, 6% of total exports and employing one out of every 12 people in advanced and emerging economies alike these results are encouraging, coming as they do at a time in which we urgently need levers to stimulate growth and job creation,” he added.

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