Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 33 n° 335

Posts Tagged ‘reduce’

Socioeconomic disadvantages reduce physical function in old age

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 2 aprile 2018

Low socioeconomic position is linked to a deterioration in the quality of ageing equivalent to a loss of 4-7 years of good physical health by age 60. This is the conclusion of a study published in the BMJ by Lifepath, a project funded by the European Commission, which investigates the biological pathways underlying social differences in healthy ageing.Men aged 60 with lower economic status (e.g. working in manual occupations) had the same walking speed as men aged 66.6 with a higher economic status (e.g. working in non-manual occupations). Measured by walking speed, this is a 6.6-year loss of good physical function. Women lost 4.6 years, a smaller but still relevant decrease.This negative impact was comparable to that provoked by other major risk factors: by age 60, insufficient physical activity led to a loss of 5.7 years in the function of men and 5.4 in women, while the reduction due to obesity was 5.1 for men and 7.5 for women. The loss ascribed to diabetes was, respectively, 5.6 and 6.3. The effect of other risk factors such as hypertension (2.3 and 3 years of lost function) and tobacco use (3 and 0.7 years lost) was smaller.“Our study added further evidence to the role of poor social and economic circumstances as powerful risk factors, which may seriously impact on healthy ageing”, says Silvia Stringhini, researcher at Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland and lead author of the study. “Previous studies have shown that different risk factors, including socioeconomic disadvantage, tend to cluster in the same individuals. However, our results suggest that the association of low occupational profile with physical functioning is not attributable to other risk factors”. Lifepath researchers analysed data from 37 studies comprised of a total of 109,107 men and women aged between 45 and 90 years. The 24 countries involved were in Europe, the United States, Latin America, Africa, and Asia, including UK. They used walking speed as an indicator of physical function since it declines with age and is a good predictor of survival, hospital admission, and cognitive decline. To assess an individual’s socioeconomic condition, the information of their last known occupational title was collected during enrolment.
“Another relevant finding was the difference between high-income countries on the one hand, and low- and middle-income countries on the other, with the former showing higher number of years of functioning lost due to socioeconomic disadvantage”, says Paolo Vineis, professor at the Imperial College of London and leader of the Lifepath project. “This could be due to regional differences in the social patterning of major risk factors, such as physical inactivity, obesity, and diabetes” Current global health policies are targeted towards established risk factors of health, such as smoking and physical inactivity. The negative impact of these factors is mainly assessed using hard parameters such as mortality, while broader measures of wellbeing like physical function has received less attention so far. “We should not limit our analysis to the length of our lives, but also to the quality of our ageing”, says Mika Kivimaki, professor at the University College of London. “By focusing on healthy ageing and functional wellbeing, we aim to provide further evidence for broader health policies dealing with socioeconomic adversity, in addition to standard risk factors”. Lifepath is an EU-funded project aimed to provide updated, relevant and innovative evidence for the relationship between social disparities and healthy ageing to lay ground for the development of future health policies and strategies. Lifepath experts develop an original study design that integrates social science approaches with biology and big data analysis, using existing population cohorts and omics measurements.

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How to reduce energy use in our buildings and cities

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 1 aprile 2018

Roma 11 aprile 2018 ore 14,30, presso Spazio Europa – European Public Space – Via IV Novembre n149 European Council for an Energy Efficency Economy (ECEEE) e Kyoto Club vi invitano a partecipare al workshop “Roundtable on energy sufficiency: How to reduce energy use in our buildings and cities”, che si inserisce all’interno del progetto sull’energy sufficency di ECEEE, finanziato principalmente dalla Fondazione KR, con il supporto di molte agenzie europee che operano nei settori della ricerca e dell’energia.Il progetto legato all’energy sufficiency prevede diversi incontri e iniziative di ambito politico, durantele quali si offriranno ai decisori politici informazioni pratiche sul tema dell’energy sufficiency e su come queste possano essere tradotte in azioni pratiche al fine di ridurre il consumo di energia.Il workshop avrà come scopo principale quello di informare i partecipanti sui lavori già svolti e le pratiche adottate, partendo dalla nostra idea di energy sufficiency ed analizzando come le azioni di sufficienza energetica possano ridurre il consumo energetico negli edifici.
Verrà anche dato spazio alle opinioni del pubblico riguardanti il ruolo dell’efficienza energetica e delle azioni di energy sufficiency nel miglioramento della pianificazione di futuri edifici e città.Le discussioni del seminario saranno poi raccolte in un rapporto pubblico. Ai partecipanti verrà inviato un briefing a tempo debito che approfondisca il progetto e introduca quella che è stata la nostra attività fino ad ora.
Parteciperanno: Gianni Silvestrini, Direttore Scientifico Kyoto Club – Joanne Wade, CEO Association for the Conservation of Energy – Gianni Girotto, Senatore Movimento 5 Stelle – Stefan Thomas – Wuppertal Institute for Climate Environment and Energy – Lorenzo Pagliano – Politecnico di Milano. Il workshop sarà tenuto interamente in lingua inglese.

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New China, US, EU post-2020 plans reduce projected warming – Climate Action Tracker

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 9 dicembre 2014

Lima_Peru_01Lima. For the first time since 2009 the Climate Action Tracker has calculated a lower projected warming over the 21st century than before – because of the new proposed post-2020 actions from China, the US and the EU. However, this is still not enough to limit warming below 2˚C. The Climate Action Tracker is an assessment by four research organisations: Climate Analytics, Ecofys, NewClimate Institute and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, assessing government pledges and actions against what’s needed to limit warming below a 2°C increase above preindustrial levels, and against the goal of bringing warming below 1.5°C by 2100. Today’s update was released at the climate talks in Lima. If China, the United States and the European Union, who together comprise around 53% of global emissions, fully implement their new, post-2020 plans, they would limit global temperature rise to around 3˚C by 2100, between 0.2˚C and 0.4˚C lower than it would have been prior to their announcements. These announcements are more ambitious than previous commitments, and represent significant progress, but remain insufficient to limit warming below 2˚C. “China, the US and the EU are proposing additional action that, if implemented, would reduce projected warming to around 3degC, which is better than it would have been but still substantially above the almost universally-agreed goal of holding warming below 2°C,” said Dr Louise Jeffery of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. “In the context of increasing momentum towards a global agreement to be adopted in Paris in 2015, this represents a very important first step towards what is needed,” said Bill Hare, Executive Director of Climate Analytics.“Tempering this optimism is the large gap that remains between the policies that governments have put in place that will lead to warming 3.9°C by 2100, compared to the improvements they’ve made in their promises.“These new developments indicate an increasing political will to meet the long-term goals, and it is encouraging that the EU and US are putting their pledges closer to a direct path to their 2050 goals, rather than relying on delayed, rapid action post-2030,” said Hare.
“We estimate that China will likely achieve its 2020 pledge and the objectives stated for 2030, reaching 20% share of non-fossil fuels in a manner that is consistent with peaking CO2 emissions by 2030. Levelling emissions off after 2030 has a major positive effect on global warming in the 21st century,” said Niklas Höhne, Founding Partner of the NewClimate Institute.“However, China’s post 2020 emissions levels remain unclear and difficult to quantify – an important point when considering rules and ways to measure the climate action governments have to table next year on the way to Paris.“China’s peak by 2030 falls somewhat short of a 2°C pathway. However, if emissions peak just five years earlier, this could make a very big difference and move them very close to a 2°C pathway,” said Höhne.He noted that with its current and full implementation of its proposed policies, the US appears likely to meet its 2020 goal of 17 percent. However, further measures will be needed to meet its newly-proposed 2025 goals.The EU’s current policies put it on a good trajectory toward meeting its 2020 target. However, with current policies the EU is not on track to meet its more ambitious conditional target of 30% emissions reduction below 1990 levels by 2020 and the 40% reduction target by 2030.The Climate Action Tracker noted that Governments like India could take further action. Recent discussions indicate that India could be considering putting forward in 2015 a peak year for emissions between 2035 and 2050 which, depending upon the level at which this peak occurred, could be consistent with a 2°C pathway.In today’s update, the CAT has also assessed multiple countries and made them available on its website.The assessments find that China, the EU and Brazil’s currently implemented policies will be sufficient to meet their pledge, even though the all of these pledges could be much improved.Japan, Russia and Ukraine are also achieving their pledge, but this is primarily due to the lack of ambition in their targets. At the other end of the scale, Australia, New Zealand and Norway are far away from achieving their pledges. Most other countries also still have to implement additional policies or purchase international emission units to achieve their pledges.“There is considerable diversity between countries both in terms of the ambition level of their reduction pledges and the actual translation of these pledges into policy action on the ground. If all countries followed the leading country on both tasks, the goal of limiting warming to below 2˚C could be within reach,” says Professor Kornelis Blok, Director of Science at Ecofys.Of the 22 countries the Climate Action Tracker analysed, only five are projected to meet their 2020 pledges, with 13 exceeding (an assessment of the remainder has not been possible). Very few of the pledges are consistent with limiting warming below 2°C. The overview below shows, for the first time, the emergence of a decline in emissions (if pledges to 2050 were fully implemented) compared to the previous continuous increase in a pathway based on current policy projections. This decline, however, is still small. (photo font Wikipedia)

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“La notte in cui sparì l’ultimo pollo”

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 24 febbraio 2010

Roma 26 febbraio dalle ore 18,30 presso “Dolce Idea” in via Tolemaide 14 (traversa di via Candia, zona Prati-Vaticano, metro Ottaviano). presentazione del libro“La notte in cui sparì l’ultimo pollo” a cura di Ida Santilli. di Simonetta Tassinari (Giunti editore) E’ uno spaccato dell’Italia sul finire degli anni Sessanta  attraverso gli occhi di una bambina che vuole cambiare il mondo. L’autrice insegna storia e filosofia a Campobasso ed è reduce dal successo di “Che fine ha fatto Susy Bomb?”, pubblicato nel 2008 sempre con Giunti.  Come scenografia della serata, una mostra di quadri del pittore Guerino Palomba di Poggio Sannita (Isernia).  Info: http://www.forchecaudine.it,

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Against Poverty

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 19 gennaio 2010

Geneva-Lisbon The United Nations Development Programme and the Benfica Foundation announced, today, that they will dedicate the proceeds from the 2010 Match Against Poverty  taking  place in Lisbon on January 25  to support relief efforts in Haiti. In addition, a widespread advocacy campaign will accompany the broadcast of the match to encourage viewers to contribute personally.  For the past seven years, UNDP’s Match Against Poverty has raised funds for and awareness of global efforts to reduce poverty. This year, in the wake of the massive devastation that struck Haiti, the organizers and players decided that the funds amplify efforts to support the Haitian people in their time of need. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere with 80 percent of the population living under the poverty line and 54 percent in abject poverty.   The January 12 earthquake has created a humanitarian crisis that is growing dimmer by the hour.   Benfica Foundation President Luis Filipe Vieira said his organization stands ready to offer full support in solidarity with the Haitian people. “We are extremely saddened by the disaster in Haiti. We would like to show our full support by dedicating the Match to the relief of the victims.” UNDP Goodwill Ambassadors Zinedine Zidane and Ronaldo echo Vieira’s sentiments. “Donating the proceedings from the Match, lends deeper meaning to our cause against poverty,” said Zidane. Ronaldo will start the football season with his Club Corinthians-FC on January 24 and due to his commitments with the Club, he will not be able to play at the Match Against Poverty. He has invited his Brazilian teammate and very good friend Kaka to represent him in the match. Kaká who is also a UN Goodwill Ambassador for the World Food Programme (WFP) has accepted the invitation and will join Zinédine Zidane in the Ronaldo, Zidane & Friends team opposing Benfica All Stars. “I am honoured to represent Ronaldo and I am looking forward to playing this important match, dedicated to Haiti’s relief efforts, stated Kaká. http://www.slbenfica.pt.
UNDP is the UN’s global network to help people meet their development needs and build a better life. We are on the ground in 166 countries, working as a trusted partner with Governments, civil society and the private sector to help them build their own solutions to global and national development challenges. Further information can be found at http://www.undp.org

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