Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 32 n° 341

Posts Tagged ‘rules’

Rules on the free movements of workers and services

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 30 novembre 2020

Brussels, Tuesday 1 December 2020, 09.00 – 11.00, 11.30 – 12.30, 13.45 – 15.45 József Antall building, room 6Q2, and by videoconference VotesAccess to decent and affordable housing for all. Rapporteur: Kim Van Sparrentak (Verts/ALE, NL). Adoption of draft report.The right to disconnect. Rapporteur: Alex Agius Saliba (S&D, MT). Adoption of draft report. Presentations and debatesImpacts of EU rules on the free movements of workers and services: intra-EU labour mobility as a tool to match labour market needs and skills. Rapporteur: Radan Kanev (PPE, BG). Consideration of draft report. 09.05 – 10.00Commission Delegated Regulation supplementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council by specifying the number and the title of the variables for the income and living conditions domain on health and quality of life. Presentation by the Commission. 10.40 – 11.00Child guarantee. Exchange of views with Mr Ioannis Dimitrakopoulos, Scientific Advisor of the Director of EU Agency for Fundamental Rights. 13.45 – 14.40 ILO Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and minimum wages in times of COVID-19. Presentation by Patrick Belser (ILO Senior Economist and Wage Specialist). 14.40 – 15.25Improving the quality of public spending in Europe – Budgetary ‘waste rates’ in EU Member States. Presentation of an EPRS study

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Parliament leads the way on first set of EU rules for Artificial Intelligence

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 21 ottobre 2020

Bruxelles. On Tuesday, MEPs adopted proposals on how the EU can best regulate Artificial Intelligence (AI) in order to boost innovation, ethical standards and trust in technology. The European Parliament is among the first institutions to put forward recommendations on what AI rules should include with regards to ethics, liability and intellectual property rights. These recommendations will pave the way for the EU to become a global leader in the development of AI. The Commission legislative proposal is expected early next year. The legislative initiative by Iban García del Blanco (S&D, ES) urges the EU Commission to present a new legal framework outlining the ethical principles and legal obligations to be followed when developing, deploying and using artificial intelligence, robotics and related technologies in the EU including software, algorithms and data. It was adopted with 559 votes in favour, 44 against, and 88 abstentions.Future laws should be made in accordance with several guiding principles, including: a human-centric and human-made AI; safety, transparency and accountability; safeguards against bias and discrimination; right to redress; social and environmental responsibility; and respect for privacy and data protection.High-risk AI technologies, such as those with self-learning capacities, should be designed to allow for human oversight at any time. If a functionality is used that would result in a serious breach of ethical principles and could be dangerous, the self-learning capacities should be disabled and full human control should be restored.The legislative initiative by Axel Voss (EPP, DE) calls for a future-oriented civil liability framework, making those operating high-risk AI strictly liable for any resulting damage. A clear legal framework would stimulate innovation by providing businesses with legal certainty, whilst protecting citizens and promoting their trust in AI technologies by deterring activities that might be dangerous.The rules should apply to physical or virtual AI activity that harms or damages life, health, physical integrity, property, or that causes significant immaterial harm if it results in “verifiable economic loss”. While high-risk AI technologies are still rare, MEPs believe that their operators should hold insurance similar to that used for motor vehicles.The legislative initiative was adopted with 626 votes in favour, 25 against, and 40 abstentions.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Rules of Procedure: amendments for “extraordinary circumstances”

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 16 ottobre 2020

The Constitutional Affairs Committee proposes new Rules that would make Parliament better equipped to ensure the continuity of its work in future crises.The draft report by Gabriele Bischoff (S&D, DE) was adopted by the Constitutional Affairs Committee, setting out a proposal for the amendment of Parliaments Rules of Procedure. The new rules will ensure that Parliament will have provisions in place to facilitate its functioning in extraordinary circumstances, taking into account lessons learnt from the COVID-19 sanitary crisis. Following a vote on amendments during the first part of the meeting on Monday, the final text was approved with 26 votes in favour, none against and two abstentions late in the evening.The adopted report underlines that the temporary measures adopted by President Sassoli and EP governing bodies in compliance with the rule of law were necessary, in the absence of alternatives, to guarantee the continuity of Parliament’s business, and that they allowed Parliament to carry out its legislative, budgetary and political control functions during the crisis, as required by the Treaties.The proposed changes envision the activation of emergency measures by President, with consent from the Conference of Presidents (i.e. the President and political group leaders), for the entirety or part of Parliament’s work. If it is deemed necessary, including when Parliament’s political balance is disturbed, such measures may include the postponement, displacement or remote organisation of activities. Extraordinary measures will have to be activated for a specific amount of time and only for events that are exceptional, unforeseeable, and outside Parliament’s control. Further, MEPs in will be able to reverse these decisions by simple majority in Parliament’s plenary sessions. Attention was also given to ensuring that MEPs can participate equally, freely and in their native language (to the greatest possible extent), and through secure electronic systems.“Extraordinary situations require extraordinary measures, but we cannot forget that Parliament is the cornerstone of European democracy. Citizens depend on us. This report focuses on the principles of representative democracy, equal treatment, mandate freedom and the right of MEPs to speak and vote freely, in their personal capacity, while making sure that that Parliament remains fully operational even in the most difficult circumstances”, said the rapporteur.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

EU-UK relations: MEPs approve rules to ensure Eurotunnel safety and cooperation

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 12 ottobre 2020

MEPs endorsed on Thursday two proposals concerning the Channel Tunnel with the goal to maintain the same set of rules governing the whole railway tunnel once the UK has the status of a third country.The legislation will empower France to negotiate a new international agreement with the UK and maintain the Intergovernmental Commission as the main safety authority for the Eurotunnel.Additionally, the regulations on the safety and interoperability arrangements will allow, as amended by the Parliament, negotiations between France and the UK to begin without delay.The decision empowering France to negotiate an agreement supplementing its existing bilateral Treaty with the UK concerning the operation of the Channel Fixed Link was endorsed with 687 votes in favour, three against and four abstentions.The regulation on application of railway safety and interoperability rules within the Channel Fixed Link was adopted with 687 votes in favour, four against and four abstentions.The amendments adopted by the Parliament correspond to the Council’s position. The Council will now have to formally adopt its first reading position. The regulation will enter into force the day after its publication in the Official Journal of the EU.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Final vote on EU rules for crowdfunding platforms

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 5 ottobre 2020

Bruxelles.On Monday evening, the plenary approved the deal struck with the Council last December on common rules to boost EU crowdfunding platforms and protect investors.The new rules aim to help crowdfunding services to function smoothly in the internal market and to foster cross-border business funding in the EU, by providing for a single set of rules on crowdfunding services.The uniform set of criteria will apply to all European Crowdfunding Service Providers (ECSP) up to offers of EUR 5 000 000 (from EUR 1 000 000 proposed by the Commission), calculated over a period of 12 months per project owner.Investors would be provided with a key investment information sheet (KIIS) drawn up by the project owner for each crowdfunding offer or at platform level. Crowdfunding service providers would need to give clients clear information about the financial risks and charges they may incur, including insolvency risks and project selection criteria. A prospective ECSP would need to request authorisation from the national competent authority (NCA) of the member state in which they are established. Through a notification procedure in a member state, ECSP would also be able to provide their services cross-border. Supervision would also be carried out by national competition authorities, with the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) facilitating and coordinating cooperation between member states.With no proposal to reject the Council’s positions and no amendments tabled, the text was deemed adopted. The rules will start to apply one year after its publication in the Official Journal of the EU.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Time to crack on with implementation of proposed tax rules

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 29 settembre 2020

Numerous MEPs on Thursday told Commissioner for taxation Paolo Gentiloni that it was high time to tackle member state reticence to progress on tax justice. Speaking during the first hearing of the newly created subcommittee on tax matters, MEPs taking the floor as the spokesperson for their respective groups highlighted the need to quickly translate the political messages from citizens and the proposals already tabled by the Commission into tangible instruments to fight ever-growing tax evasion and avoidance. Some others also pointed out that such progress would need to happen without creating a negative effect on the EU’s competitiveness or on the purchasing power of citizens.With the crisis we are in tax fraud and evasion is even less acceptable than ever before, Commissioner Gentiloni said in his opening statement. He underlined that up to EUR 140 billion EUR are lost each year to aggressive tax planning and the VAT gap has reached around EUR 180 billion per year.MEPs urged the Commissioner to continue the work the previous Commission had left off at, calling on him to pay more attention to addressing the reticence of some of the member states which has led to a backlog of proposals in the Council. One MEP suggested that the subcommittee could help in pressuring member states by using the forum as “a space for constructive embarrassment of those who do not cooperate”, an idea openly supported by the Commissioner and some other MEPs.Right balance.Consumers’ purchasing power and the competitiveness of the EU’s companies would also need to be kept in mind when devising new taxes, some MEPs said. An MEP also said that care should be taken with the rollout of any new tax to not compound the negative economic effects from the COVID-19. The subcommittee is expected to soon agree its work programme for the coming months. The next meeting is scheduled for 28 October.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Platform economy: EU rules needed to ensure fair competition and workers’ rights

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 8 dicembre 2019

Local and regional leaders have highlighted to Nicolas Schmit, new European Commissioner for Jobs and Social Rights, that the EU needs to set clear rules for platform economy to guarantee workers’ rights and ensure a level playing field between online and offline economic activities in the single market.Two opinions adopted by the European Committee of the Regions (CoR) today stress that many current EU regulations are outdated against the emergence of new business models and non-standard forms of employment that are frequent in digital platforms. Notably the implementation of the e-Commerce Directive, which dates back to 2000, has led to several court cases surrounding companies such as Uber and Airbnb.Speaking at the European Committee of the Regions’ plenary session in his first public appearance as Commissioner for Jobs and Social Rights, Nicolas Schmit said: “The new Commission’s agenda strives to address the ongoing challenges and opportunities posed by the new world of work, globalisation, automation, digitalisation and artificial intelligence, coupled with our shift to a carbon-neutral economy. We need to make sure that all Europeans can benefit during these transitions, especially when it comes to their jobs and livelihoods. Our regional governments and administrations will be instrumental in making sure that this shared purpose becomes a reality.”Karl-Heinz Lambertz, President of the European Committee of the Regions, said: “Social rights must be at the centre of the EU’s future, protecting people whilst embracing technological change. The EU must set out a clear plan that ensures that the changes to our industries avoids further polarising wages and increasing inequalities. With the right regulation, platform work is one opportunity to ensure everyone benefits from digitalisation, leaving no one behind.”The two opinions focus on different aspects of collaborative economy and platform work. The first one, prepared by Dimitrios Birmpas (EL/PES), Municipal Councillor of Egaleo, stresses that a comprehensive regulatory framework at EU level is necessary to ensure the social protection and social rights for platform workers against practices such as deliberate misclassification of workers as self-employed by employers seeking to avoid employment regulations, fiscal obligations and collective agreements.”Platform work brings a number of opportunities to the labour market because it is easily accessible and flexible. However, appropriate measures have to be put in place to ensure decent working conditions for platform workers. Fundamental labour and social regulations must be extended to the platform economy and its workers, many of them young people. Given the transnational nature of digital economy, a clear European framework is necessary to address the many regulatory challenges arising from platform work, including how to determine the existence of an employment relationship”, argues the rapporteur, who welcomes Commissioner Schmit’s intention to address labour conditions of platform workers and new forms of precariousness.The second opinion calls for the EU to define clearly the status of collaborative economy platforms, according to the precise degree of control exercised by the platform, in order to clarify the question of which rules govern their operations. Furthermore, as the collaborative economy blurs the line between personal and professional actors, the concept of “service provider” should be clarified through EU-wide thresholds. The new EU regulations should also require platforms to provide public authorities with the necessary data to enforce the rules and to ensure that collaborative economy suppliers pay their fair share of taxes.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Parliament adopts new rules for short-stay visas

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 19 aprile 2019

Positive incentives for non-EU countries cooperating on readmitting irregular migrants.
The EU will simplify procedures for requesting and issuing short-stay visas and will use its visa policy to encourage non-EU countries to cooperate on migration.
Parliament approved on Wednesday the new EU Visa Code, already informally agreed with the Council of Ministers. The law establishes the procedures and conditions for issuing visas to nationals of more than one hundred non-EU countries travelling to the EU for short periods (up to 90 days in any 180-day period).Procedures for bona fide travellers will be simpler, and there will be a direct link between visa and migration policy.
Visa applications will have to be submitted between six months (instead of the current three months) and 15 days ahead of the intended trip, except for seafarers, who will be allowed to submit applications nine months in advance.Among other changes:
the general visa fee will increase from 60 to 80 euros -with a possible reduction for people under 18 years old-, and children under six, students and researchers will continue to be exempt from paying the visa fee;
the new prerequisite to buy travel health insurance will be assessed by the European Commission 15 months after being introduced, taking into account the actual medical costs incurred by visa-holders;
EU member states will have to work with external service providers to manage visa requests in non-EU countries where they are neither present nor represented; and
frequent travellers might be eligible for multiple entry visas.
Cooperation on readmission by non-EU countries
Some provisions, such as the visa fees, the time taken to issue decisions on applications, and the length of time for which multiple entry visas are valid, may be adapted depending on whether a given non-EU country cooperates “sufficiently”, or alternatively “insufficiently” on readmitting irregular migrants, following a full and objective assessment carried out by the European Commission every year.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

New EU-wide rules against non-cash payment fraud

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 17 marzo 2019

New EU rules to protect EU citizens against non-cash payment fraud, such as credit card theft, skimming or phishing, were approved by European Parliament.
MEPs adopted on Wednesday with 587 votes to 26 and 8 abstentions, new rules on combating fraud and counterfeiting of non-cash means of payment such as cards, electronic wallets, mobile payments and virtual currencies. The changes aim to close the current gaps and differences among EU countries’ laws to enhance prevention, detection and punishment of non-cash payment fraud.The new rules will:establish the minimum penalty in cases where a judge imposes the national “maximum” custodial sentence for non-cash payment fraud,
include virtual-currency transactions in the scope of offences,
improve EU-wide cooperation and facilitate information exchange to ensure cross-border frauds are better dealt with,
strengthen assistance to non-cash fraud victims, such as psychological support, advice on financial, practical and legal matters, and
improve prevention and awareness-raising, e.g. through campaigning, education and on-line information tools with practical examples of fraud cases; special attention should be paid to the needs and interests of vulnerable people.
Non-cash payments are constantly increasing in the digital era. This has made non-cash payment fraud, such as credit card theft or fraud using newer technologies such as skimming or phishing, an important source of income for organised crime.
The new rules have already been agreed upon by the Parliament and Council negotiators in December. After the formal approval of the Council, member states will have two years to adopt national legislation to implement the directive.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Deal on new rules against non-cash payment fraud approved by Civil Liberties MEPs

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 11 gennaio 2019

New EU rules to protect EU citizens against non-cash payment fraud, informally agreed by Parliament and Council in December, were confirmed by Civil Liberties MEPs.Non-cash payments, representing an increasing share of payments, are subject to various forms of fraud including credit card theft, skimming or phishing. The agreed changes aim to close the current gaps and differences among EU countries’ laws to enhance prevention, detection and punishment of these crimes.The new rules take into account traditional non-cash payments such as bank cards or cheques but also new means of non-cash payment, such as electronic wallets, mobile payments and virtual currencies.Read more about the informal agreement reached on 11 December 2018 here.Civil Liberties MEPs backed the deal in a vote by 45 in favour, 1 against, no abstentions.The agreed text now needs to be formally approved by the Parliament as a whole and the Council of the EU before entering into force. The Full House is likely to vote on the agreed text in February.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

EU’s judicial cooperation arm, Eurojust, to become more effective with new rules

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 8 ottobre 2018

MEPs adopted on Thursday updated rules to clarify the role of Eurojust and improve its effectiveness. Eurojust, the EU’s judicial cooperation unit, facilitates cross-border investigations and prosecutions of serious crimes in the EU. The changes in the Agency’s functioning and structure, including a new governance model, will make Eurojust more efficient in tackling cross-border crime. The updated rules also take into account the establishment of the European public prosecutor’s office (EPPO), expected to be operational between 2020 and 2021, as well as the new rules on data protection for EU institutions and agencies. Furthermore, with the revision of the rules, the European Parliament and national parliaments will in future be more involved in evaluating Eurojust’s activities.European Parliament rapporteur Axel Voss (EPP, DE) said: “With this reform, we are adapting the legal framework of this crucial agency to the new challenges in our common fight against crime and terrorism. By doing this, we are making sure that Eurojust can continue its excellent work of supporting national authorities, facilitating cross-border investigations and coordinating prosecutions.” The new rules were approved by 515 votes to 64, with 26 abstentions. They have already been agreed upon by the Parliament and Council negotiators in June, but still require the formal approval of the Council.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , | Leave a Comment »

Stronger rules on data protection by EU institutions agreed with Council

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 26 maggio 2018

New rules to strengthen data protection in EU institutions, bodies and agencies were informally agreed by Parliament and Council negotiators on Wednesday.The aim of the update of the existing rules from 2001 is to bring them in to line with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) as well as the proposed e-privacy rules to uphold citizens’ right to personal data protection.
The new rules will cover EU institutions, bodies, offices and agencies to ensure a strong and coherent framework for data processing. Contrary to the past, the rules will also apply to Eurojust as soon as the reform of the agency will be agreed by the Parliament and the Council. Furthermore, in 2022 the rules should be extended to Europol and the European Public Prosecutor’s Office following to a review by the Commission.Parliament and Council negotiators agreed to strengthen the role of the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), the independent supervisory authority that ensures the application of the rules across all the EU institutions and bodies. The European Data Protection Supervisor will also be able to fine EU institutions or bodies that do not live up to the data protection rules.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

All EU bodies must follow same data protection rules, Parliament insists

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 14 dicembre 2017

strasburgo-parlamento-europeoStrasbourg. The new data protection rules for EU institutions, bodies and agencies must cover all EU bodies to ensure strong and coherent data protection safeguards and avoid loopholes,
Parliament’s chief negotiator regrets that it has not yet been possible to reach a compromise with Council negotiators in the inter-institutional talks.
Parliament’s lead MEP on the new data protection rules for data processed by the EU institutions, Cornelia Ernst (GUE/ NGL, DE) said after the latest meeting with Council negotiators on Tuesday in Strasbourg: “Our goal with this regulation is to create a single, unified framework for the protection of personal data by the EU institutions, bodies, offices and agencies. In order to achieve the best level of data protection for citizens, our rules have to function well together with those of the General Data Protection Regulation, which will be applied from 25 May 2018 by all governments and businesses in the EU.
– The same is true for EU agencies that are tasked with law enforcement. When from May 2018 the new EU rules will take effect, it is necessary that the rules for agencies like Europol and Eurojust will be harmonised and fit to work together with the rules that police all over the EU will use. That is why the Parliament insists that these agencies must be covered by this regulation. Excluding them, as the Council wants, will undermine the protection of personal data, because the rules will not match, and loopholes might occur. Excluding them will also hamper data exchanges between member states’ police authorities and Europol, or between Frontex and Europol.
– I regret that the Council is unwilling to even discuss Parliament’s position. All our proposals to find an agreement have been turned down citing time pressure and technical details. In law making, it is usually better to favour quality over speed.
– Parliament has done its utmost to come up with solutions, but we have never received any constructive proposals from the Council. It is our sincere hope that it will be feasible to reach a swift and viable compromise with the incoming Presidency in order to allow the new rules to come into force as quickly as possible”.
The Civil Liberties Committee passed its negotiation mandate on 12 October with a broad majority in favour.The main rules on data protection in the EU institutions are laid down in a regulation from 2001. The new law aims to update these existing rules and bring them into line with the more stringent principles of the General Data Protection Regulation which will become applicable on 25 May 2018.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

America’s global influence has dwindled under Donald Trump

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 13 novembre 2017

cover economistA YEAR ago this week Donald Trump was elected president. Many people predicted that American foreign policy would take a disastrous turn. Mr Trump had suggested that he would scrap trade deals, ditch allies, put a figurative bomb under the rules-based global order and drop literal ones willy-nilly. NATO was “obsolete”, he said; NAFTA was “the worst trade deal maybe ever”; and America was far too nice to foreigners. “In the old days when you won a war, you won a war. You kept the country,” he opined, adding later that he would “bomb the shit out of” Islamic State (IS) and “take the oil”.So far, Mr Trump’s foreign policy has been less awful than he promised. Granted, he has pulled America out of the Paris accord, making it harder to curb climate change, and abandoned the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a big trade deal. However, he has not retreated pell-mell into isolationism. He has not quit NATO; indeed, some of America’s eastern European allies prefer his tough-talk to the cool detachment of Barack Obama. He has not started any wars. He has stepped up America’s defence of Afghanistan’s beleaguered government, and helped Iraq recapture cities from IS. In the parts of the world to which he pays little attention, such as Africa, an understaffed version of the previous administration’s policy continues on autopilot. As Mr Trump makes a 12-day visit to Asia, it is hard to dismiss him as a man wholly disengaged from the world.
Many people find reassurance in the sober, capable military men who surround him (see article). His chief of staff, his defence secretary and his national security adviser all understand the horrors of war and will stop him from doing anything rash, the argument goes. Optimists even speculate that he might emulate Ronald Reagan, by shaking up the diplomatic establishment, restoring America’s military muscle and projecting such strength abroad that a frightened, overstretched North Korea will crumble like the Soviet Union. Others confidently predict that even if he causes short-term damage to America’s standing in the world, Mr Trump will be voted out in 2020 and things will return to normal.
All this is wishful thinking. On security, Mr Trump has avoided some terrible mistakes. He has not started a needless row with China over Taiwan’s ambiguous status, as he once threatened to do. Congress and the election-hacking scandal prevented him from pursuing a grand bargain with Vladimir Putin that might have left Russia’s neighbours at the Kremlin’s mercy. And he has apparently coaxed China to exert a little more pressure on North Korea to stop expanding its nuclear arsenal.However, he has made some serious errors, too, such as undermining the deal with Iran that curbs its ability to make nuclear bombs. And his instincts are atrocious. He imagines he has nothing to learn from history. He warms to strongmen, such as Mr Putin and Xi Jinping. His love of generals is matched by a disdain for diplomats—he has gutted the State Department, losing busloads of experienced ambassadors. His tweeting is no joke: he undermines and contradicts his officials without warning, and makes reckless threats against Kim Jong Un, whose paranoia needs no stoking. Furthermore, Mr Trump has yet to be tested by a crisis. Level-headed generals may advise him, but he is the commander-in-chief, with a temperament that alarms friend and foe alike.
On trade, he remains wedded to a zero-sum view of the world, in which exporters “win” and importers “lose”. (Are the buyers of Ivanka Trump-branded clothes and handbags, which are made in Asia, losers?) Mr Trump has made clear that he favours bilateral deals over multilateral ones, because that way a big country like America can bully small ones into making concessions. The trouble with this approach is twofold. First, it is deeply unappealing to small countries, which by the way also have protectionist lobbies to overcome. Second, it would reproduce the insanely complicated mishmash of rules that the multilateral trade system was created to simplify and trim. The Trump team probably will not make a big push to disrupt global trade until tax reform has passed through Congress. But when and if that happens, all bets are off—NAFTA is still in grave peril.Perhaps the greatest damage that Mr Trump has done is to American soft power. He openly scorns the notion that America should stand up for universal values such as democracy and human rights. Not only does he admire dictators; he explicitly praises thuggishness, such as the mass murder of criminal suspects in the Philippines. He does so not out of diplomatic tact, but apparently out of conviction. This is new. Previous American presidents supported despots for reasons of cold-war realpolitik. (“He’s a bastard, but he’s our bastard,” as Harry Truman is reputed to have said of an anti-communist tyrant in Nicaragua.) Mr Trump’s attitude seems more like: “He’s a bastard. Great!”
This repels America’s liberal allies, in Europe, East Asia and beyond. It emboldens autocrats to behave worse, as in Saudi Arabia this week, where the crown prince’s dramatic political purges met with Mr Trump’s blessing (see article). It makes it easier for China to declare American-style democracy passé, and more tempting for other countries to copy China’s autocratic model (see article).
The idea that things will return to normal after a single Trump term is too sanguine. The world is moving on. Asians are building new trade ties, often centred on China. Europeans are working out how to defend themselves if they cannot rely on Uncle Sam. And American politics are turning inward: both Republicans and Democrats are more protectionist now than they were before Mr Trump’s electoral triumph.
For all its flaws, America has long been the greatest force for good in the world, upholding the liberal order and offering an example of how democracy works. All that is imperilled by a president who believes that strong nations look out only for themselves. By putting “America First”, he makes it weaker, and the world worse off. (by The Economist) (foto: cover economist)

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

New Asylum Agency to ensure respect of EU asylum rules and fundamental rights

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 2 luglio 2017

european parliamentThe new EU Asylum Agency will ensure that EU countries respect rules on asylum, following a deal with Council. It will also monitor respect of fundamental rights.The informal, preliminary agreement reached on Wednesday covers all the main elements of the legislation, but inter-institutional talks will continue under the Estonian Presidency to finalise the text.The proposal to strengthen the current EU Asylum Support Office (EASO), turning it into a new EU Agency for Asylum equipped with the means and resources to assist Member States in crisis situations and to monitor compliance with EU legislation, is linked to the wider review of the Common European Asylum System currently under way.
MEPs ensured that the Agency will be in charge of regularly assessing all aspects of the common asylum policy, such as reception conditions, respect for procedural safeguards, the right to legal aid and access to interpretation, and whether financial and human resources are sufficient or not. It will also carry out “ad-hoc” monitoring checks when the situation in a specific country raises concerns.A new “asylum intervention pool”, formed by 500 national experts, will be set up and at the immediate disposal of the Agency. They will be deployed in cases where the asylum and reception systems of an EU country are under “disproportionate pressure”.
The Agency will also have a Fundamental Rights Officer, in charge of managing the newly-created complaint mechanism and monitoring and ensuring respect for fundamental rights in all the Agency’s activities.The Executive Director will be able to suspend or terminate the deployment of asylum support teams if a host Member State is found to be in serious breach of fundamental rights.Péter Niedermüller (S&D, HU), Parliament’s rapporteur for the proposal, said: “Our aim was to turn EASO into a fully-fledged Union Agency working with the Member States, but independent from them. The Agency will act as a watchdog of CEAS, an essential element for the EP. Increasing the Agency’s operational and technical capacities to make it more responsive to the current challenges, and ensuring respect for fundamental rights was also crucial”.

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

MEPs demand new rules to improve fight against organised crime and corruption

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 26 ottobre 2016

europa-261011-cThe Commission should review its legislation against corruption and organised crime to better equip Member States in their fight against criminal organisations operating in the EU, say MEPs in a non-legislative resolution passed on Tuesday. MEPs call for initiatives such as EU-wide rules to seize assets from criminal organisations to re-use for social purposes and protection of whistle-blowers.In the resolution, MEPs demand the adoption of a European Action Plan to eradicate organised crime, fraud and corruption as outlined in its resolution of 2013. They stress that this must be a political priority for the EU and that police and judicial cooperation between Member States is therefore crucial.“Europe needs to understand the complex issue of organised crime and the danger arising from the infiltration of criminal associations into the social, economic, and political fabric of the Member States,” said rapporteur Laura Ferrara (IT, EFDD).“The criminal codes of Member States need to be fit for the challenge. This is why I call for urgent and incisive regulatory action at European level to provide law enforcement authorities with the necessary tools to properly fight organised crime groups across Europe. The EU Commission is also asked to draw up “blacklists of any undertakings which have proven links with organised crime or engaged in corrupt practices” and to “bar them from entering into an economic relationship with a public authority and benefitting from EU funds”. Further, a specialist Europol unit should be created to combat organised criminal groups “which operate in several sectors at the same time,” the resolution reads. MEPs also ask for common rules for protecting whistle-blowers before the end of 2017. The Commission should establish mandatory rules to ban people who have been convicted or participated in organised crime or other serious offences from standing for election or to work in or for the public administration – including EU institutions. MEPs believe that employing a common method for seizing criminal organisations’ assets in the EU would be a deterrent to criminals. They call on the Commission to strengthen EU measures on “promoting the management of frozen and confiscated property and its re-use for social purposes” and as compensation for businesses and families of victims.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Abide by the rules and start pressing US for full visa reciprocity, MEPs ask the Commission

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 13 ottobre 2016

europa-261011-cThe European Commission should abide by the rules and adopt legal measures temporarily suspending the visa waivers for the US and Canada as a way to put pressure on both countries so they stop requesting the citizens of some EU countries visa to enter their territory. In a debate on Wednesday, Civil Liberties MEPs urged the Commission to act and made clear that it does not have “more room for manoeuvre”.
MEPs refused to discuss the possible consequences of reimposing visa requirements to the US and Canada and agreed that the procedure to follow when a third country does not offer the EU visa reciprocity is clear. Some speakers suggested that the Parliament may bring the Commission to court given its failure to respect legislation.Commissioner Avramopoulos underlined that adopting a delegated act, as established in the legislation, suspending the visa exemption for US and Canadian citizens due to the lack of full visa reciprocity would be “highly counterproductive” and insisted that the best approach is “patient diplomacy”. He explained that this strategy is likely to bear fruit soon in the case of Canada, but admitted the lack of progress with the US.According to the Commissioner, the US could retaliate suspending the visa waiver for all EU citizens. “We will exhaust all negotation means”, Avramopoulos said, adding that it is key to choose the right timing. He also noted that it is not in the interest of any European institution to bring this matter to the European Court of Justice. The Committee´s Chair Claude Moraes (S&D, UK) announced the question will be discussed in a coming plenary session.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

MEPs approve new EU rules extending right to legal aid

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 5 ottobre 2016

The European Parliament approved on Tuesday new EU rules extending the right to legal aid for citizens suspected or accused of a crime, or named in a European Arrest Warrant. During the negotiations weuropean parliamentith the Council, MEPs ensured that both the right to provisional and ordinary legal aid will be covered, so that persons who cannot afford a lawyer get part or all the costs of their defence and court proceedings paid by the state.The text was adopted by 569 votes to 54, with 54 abstentions.”Although the area of freedom, security and justice is built on the principle of mutual trust of Member States in their respective criminal law systems, differences in the procedural rights of defendants persist. The EU already adopted a directive on access to a lawyer, thus providing a minimum of protection for defendants, but this directive does not deal with the situation in which defendants simply cannot afford paying for a lawyer themselves”, noted Parliament´s rapporteur Dennis de Jong (GUE, NL).“Thus, the directive laying down the minimum requirements for legal aid is essential to provide access to a lawyer for all, irrespective of their income level. By adopting this directive, the Parliament and the Council have therefore taken an important step towards the eradication of class justice within the EU”, he added.Legal aid should be provided at all stages of the criminal process, as Parliament defended. The original Commission´s proposal only envisaged the right to “provisional” legal aid for suspects or accused persons in criminal proceedings who are “deprived of liberty”, only until there is a final decision on their eligibility for legal aid. “Ordinary” legal aid refers to all defence costs, including the cost of a lawyer and court fees, during the whole criminal justice process.The legislation foresees a “means test” to assess whether a person has the economic resources to pay for legal aid. It also includes a “merits test”, designed to determine whether offering legal aid would be in the interest of justice. The latter should assess, for example, the complexity of the case or the seriousness of the offense.Persons named in European Arrest Warrants will also be covered, in both the executing and the issuing member state.The UK and Ireland decided not to take part in this legislation, while Denmark has an “opt out” by default for matters of Justice and Home Affairs.Once the legal text is formally adopted by the Council and following its publication in the Official Journal, member states will have 30 months to transpose it to their national legislation.

Posted in Estero/world news, Politica/Politics | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

New EU Rules For Medical Devices Confirm ESC Position

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 27 maggio 2016

sofia antipolisSophia Antipolis. On 25 May 2016, EU policymakers agreed to new rules on medical devices and invitro diagnostic medical devices.
This political agreement is still subject to the approval of the Council’s Permanent Representatives Committee and the Parliament’s ENVI Committee.Prof. Fausto Pinto, President of the European Society of Cardiology said: “The ESC welcomes this agreement and looks forward to engaging with regulatory authorities and HTA bodies in promoting excellence in patient management.”Prof. Alan Fraser, Chairman of the ESC Medical Devices Committee said: “The new rules will, for the first time, guarantee transparency for the regulatory process in Europe, where clinical information submitted by manufacturers will be made available to clinicians and patients alike.
This legislation, once passed, will herald a new era for active engagement by scientific, engineering, and clinical experts in writing specific standards for the clinical evaluation of medical devices, and in contributing to improved monitoring of their performance.”

Posted in Estero/world news, Medicina/Medicine/Health/Science | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

New rules to attract non-EU students, researchers and interns to the EU

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 maggio 2016

UCBM - Studenti uscita da Paolo di RicercaHarmonised EU entry and residence rules to make it easier and more attractive for people from third countries to study or do research at EU universities were approved by Parliament on Wednesday. The new rules clarify and improve conditions for non-EU interns, volunteers, school pupils and au pairs.The new rules merge two existing directives (one on students and one on researchers) to ensure that:students and researchers may stay at least nine months after finishing their studies or research in order to look for a job or to set up a business, which should also ensure that Europe benefits from their skills,
students and researchers may move more easily within the EU during their stay. In future, they will not need to file a new visa application, but only to notify the member state to which they are moving, for example to do a one-semester exchange. Researchers will also be able to move for longer periods than those currently allowed,
researchers have the right to bring their family members with them and these family members are entitled to work during their stay in Europe, andstudents have the right to work at least 15 hours a week.”I am glad that the EU recognizes the value of attracting highly skilled people to come here and to entice them to stay by creating a harmonized European system applicable in all member states, said lead MEP Cecilia Wikström (ALDE, SE).”This undoubtedly means that European universities will be able to strengthen their competitiveness on the global arena and become more attractive than ever to ambitious and highly-educated people from other countries, thanks to considerably improved conditions in the EU”, she added.The new directive also provides for uniform entry conditions and better protection for interns and volunteers under the European Volunteer Scheme during their stay. Optional provisions are foreseen for other volunteers, school pupils and third-country au pairs, who will be covered for the first time by an EU law.
The directive enters into force the day after its publication in the European Official Journal. Member states will then have two years in which to transpose its provisions into their national laws.

Posted in Cronaca/News, Estero/world news, Università/University | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »