Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 31 n° 259

Posts Tagged ‘study’

Control Study for Digital Therapeutic Smoking Cessation App

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 31 maggio 2019

Results from the world’s first randomized control study to examine digital therapeutic smoking cessation programs were presented on May 20th at the American Thoracic Society International Conference. The findings demonstrate that CureApp’s nicotine dependence treatment app resulted in an improvement in continuous abstinence rate (CAR) compared to a control group over multiple time points.Kohta Satake, M.D., M.B.A., M.P.H., Chief Executive Officer of CureApp, Inc. and a respiratory specialized physician says, “Healthcare professionals are challenged to help patients fight against the psychological nicotine addiction alone between clinical visits. CureApp’s digital therapeutics approach is a breakthrough in bridging the gap between clinical visits providing daily support to the patients. We are striving for regulatory and reimbursement approval to deliver the solution as soon as possible.”The CureApp solution delivers information and educational material through an app that is conveniently on the patient’s smartphone, together with a Carbon Monoxide (CO) monitor for tracking their progress, and a web interface for physicians. CureApp’s system is the first such program to undergo the rigorous testing of Phase III clinical trials. With this confirmation of its efficacy, CureApp’s goal is to use this data to obtain regulatory approval and health insurance coverage in Japan and to expand globally in multiple countries including the United States.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

New study confirms non-recycled paper is better for the climate

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 16 maggio 2019

When produced where the environmental impact of producing electricity is low, and where the forest is sustainably managed, paper from fresh fibres has lower environmental impact than paper from recycled fibres. That’s the conclusion of a new life cycle study made by IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute.The study uses a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology, comparing 100% fresh fibre-based paper produced at Holmen Paper in Sweden with 100% recycled-based paper produced with German production conditions. The study shows that paper based on fresh fibre has a lower environmental impact than recycled paper, not least when it comes to emissions. The study was also subject to a third-party review. “In Holmen, we are extremely focused on sustainability and it’s vital to know that when we embarked on this journey, we were studying our own environmental impact and were in no way interested in discrediting recycled paper. But the key findings in this study are very important because it shows that the general misconception that recycled paper is better for the climate is in fact wrong”, says Lars Lundin, CEO at Holmen Paper.An important variable in the findings of the study is the energy mix. Producing paper from fresh wood resources requires more energy than paper produced from recycled resources. However, the study shows that if low-emission renewable energy resources are used for the fresh fibre production, the environmental effects can be significantly reduced. One reason the Swedish scenario does so well is that the Swedish electricity mix has a lower environmental impact compared to the German.“The study shows that paper from fresh fibres has a lower environmental impact in several aspects. When comparing climate impact, eutrophication and acidification the difference between fresh and recycled fibres is significant in favour for the fresh fibre, despite higher energy consumption”, says Håkan Stripple from the Swedish Environmental Research Institute.Fresh fibre is also essential for the whole recycling process. The cellulose fibres in paper cannot be recycled more than about 5-7 times. After that, the fibre quality is so low you can no longer use it to produce paper. Therefore, the addition of fresh fibre is vital for the paper recycling process.“To combat climate change, we need to lower our emissions and replace fossil based materials. All paper is renewable, degradable and climate smart, but we need to acknowledge the fact that paper from fresh fibres is, in many cases, better for the climate and an essential prerequisite for recycled paper”, concludes Lars Lundin.
The Whitepaper “Environmental benefits of fresh fibre” is available to download at http://www.holmen.com

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

The new website of IDOS Research and Study Centre

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 9 maggio 2019

From today the new website of IDOS Research and Study Centre, entirely renewed in its layout, contents and functions, is online. The website has been implemented thanks to the technical support of Lai Momo cooperative association, which for many years has been collaborating with IDOS to realize and promote the annual socio-statistical report on immigration in Italy, Dossier Statistico Immigrazione – Statistical Dossier
on Immigration, together with other publications and events. On the new website (www.dossierimmigrazione.it) everyone can find not only detailed information on all
events promoted by IDOS or where IDOS is called to intervene (meetings, conferences, seminars, courses, interviews and other training and/or sensitization activities), but also news and updates useful for operators and researchers, original reports edited by IDOS network of local researchers, press releases, socio-statistical tables and summaries, videos, graphics (all things that can be downloaded or pressed) concerning studies and publications annually edited by IDOS. What’s absolute new is that for the first time everyone can buy online all IDOS publications, both in paper format and – at a lower price – in digital format (pdf), through a fast, easy and sure online system of payment and invoice. In particolar, for every main annual report (Dossier Statistico Immigrazione – Statistical Dossier on Immigration, Osservatorio Romano sulle Migrazioni – Roman Observatory on Migrations, Rapporto Immigrazione e Imprenditoria – Report on Immigration and Entrepreneurship, etc.), it’s available for sale both the entire book and – separately purchasable in electronic format only – every single thematic chapter and the final addendum of statistical tables. Many other monographic publications, periodically edited by IDOS in collaboration with – or for commission of – some private or institutional bodies, are also available in addiction to such a rich archive of annual reports.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Brain Stimulation Improves Depression Symptoms, Restores Brain Waves in Clinical Study

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 16 marzo 2019

With a weak alternating electrical current sent through electrodes attached to the scalp, UNC School of Medicine researchers successfully targeted a naturally occurring electrical pattern in a specific part of the brain and markedly improved depression symptoms in about 70 percent of participants in a clinical study.The research, published in Translational Psychiatry, lays the groundwork for larger research studies to use a specific kind of electrical brain stimulation called transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) to treat people diagnosed with major depression.
“We conducted a small study of 32 people because this sort of approach had never been done before,” said senior author Flavio Frohlich, PhD, associate professor of psychiatry and director of the Carolina Center for Neurostimulation. “Now that we’ve documented how this kind of tACS can reduce depression symptoms, we can fine tune our approach to help many people in a relatively inexpensive, noninvasive way.”Frohlich, who joined the UNC School of Medicine in 2011, is a leading pioneer in this field who also published the first clinical trials of tACS in schizophrenia and chronic pain.
His tACS approach is unlike the more common brain stimulation technique called transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS), which sends a steady stream of weak electricity through electrodes attached to various parts of the brain. That approach has had mixed results in treating various conditions, including depression. Frohlich’s tACS paradigm is newer and has not been investigated as thoroughly as tDCS. Frohlich’s approach focuses on each individual’s specific alpha oscillations, which appear as waves between 8 and 12 Hertz on an electroencephalogram (EEG). The waves in this range rise in predominance when we close our eyes and daydream, meditate, or conjure ideas – essentially when our brains shut out sensory stimuli, such as what we see, feel, and hear.Previous research showed that people with depression featured imbalanced alpha oscillations; the waves were overactive in the left frontal cortex. Frohlich thought his team could target these oscillations to bring them back in synch with the alpha oscillations in the right frontal cortex. And if Frohlich’s team could achieve that, then maybe depression symptoms would be decreased.His lab recruited 32 people diagnosed with depression and surveyed each participant before the study, according to the Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), a standard measure of depression.
Prior to the study, Frohlich set the primary outcome at four weeks, meaning that the main goal of the study was to assess whether tACS could bring each individual’s alpha waves back into balance and decrease symptoms of depression four weeks after the five-day intervention. He set this primary outcome because scientific literature on the study of tDCS also used the four-week mark.But when Frohlich’s team looked at data from two weeks after treatment, they found that 70 percent of people in the treatment group reported at least a 50 percent reduction of depression symptoms, according to their MADRS scores. This response rate was significantly higher than the one for the two other control groups. A few of the participants had such dramatic decreases that Frohlich’s team is currently writing case-studies on them. Participants in the placebo and control groups experienced no such reduction in symptoms.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

New Study Reveals the Importance of Active-DHA in the Developing Brain

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 26 settembre 2018

Vanteres, an innovative biotech company leveraging its biomedical research expertise to develop actively transported lysophospholipids, announces new evidence that demonstrates the critical role of LPC-DHA in normal fetal and infant brain development. The new study, conducted by researchers at Duke-NUS, reveals Active-DHA transported by MFSD2a found at the blood brain barrier plays a physiological role in both brain growth and health during brain development. LPC-DHA or ‘Active-DHA’ is a natural form of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) that is attached to a lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC).“We’ve always known the brain is one of the most lipid-rich organs in the body, but until now, we never completely understood how the brain received DHA,” said Douglas Hicks, Chief Business Officer at Vanteres. “By understanding the importance of Active-DHA and its ability to be effectively transported to the brain, we’ve unleashed big possibilities for innovations to support our brain health.”The study, published in PLOS Biology, illustrates not only how the brain accumulates DHA as Active-DHA, but also provides a mechanistic understanding for its function in brain development. Researchers using MFSD2a-deficient mouse models have definitively proven that MFSD2a deficiency results in a unique form of postnatal microcephaly caused by a lack of DHA. Prior to this study, researchers identified four human families with mutations to the MFSD2a transporter, all of which have cases of severe microcephaly and intellectual disabilities. Although there is no clear-cut genetic evidence for the role of DHA in the brain, the correlation between these animal and human genetic studies prove that MFSD2a and Active-DHA are critical for proper brain development.“For the first time, we have evidence to prove LPC-DHA or Active-DHA controls crucial processes in the brain to regulate the growth of new membranes in neurons and other cell types after a baby is born when the brain is rapidly growing,” said lead researcher on the study and Duke-NUS professor Dr. David Silver. “Other forms of DHA are not able to enter the brain because of the blood-brain barrier that guards against the free flow of substances into this vital organ.”Vanteres leverages its proprietary knowledge of the MFSD2a transport and Active-DHA to develop clinical and nutritional products that could improve cognitive health due to low DHA levels in the brain. While the liver naturally transforms DHA into Active-DHA, it is usually not at sufficient levels. Vanteres’ applications of Active-DHA should lead to significantly higher levels of DHA reaching the brain, providing clinical benefits to help address neonatal and adult neurological diseases.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Apollo Endosurgery Announces Spanish Study of ESG in NASH Patients

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 16 maggio 2018

Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. (“Apollo”) (Nasdaq:APEN), a global leader in less invasive medical devices for bariatric and gastrointestinal procedures, announced today the enrollment of the first patient in a multicenter, randomized, controlled, double-blind study of the efficacy and safety of Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty (“ESG”) using Apollo’s OverStitch™ Endoscopic Suturing System, in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (“NASH”). The study is funded by a Beca FIS Grant awarded to the Foundation of the Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda by the Ministry of Health of the Spanish Government. The study will involve four National Health System Hospitals, led by Professor José Luis Calleja, MD from Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda – Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, as Principal Investigator. The primary objective of the study is to compare the efficacy of ESG plus lifestyle modification to lifestyle modification alone in the resolution of NASH without worsening of fibrosis in patients with BMI greater than 30 kg/m2.

Posted in Estero/world news | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Study and work in the EU: set apart by gender

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 9 dicembre 2017

study and workThe EU’s economy has a major weakness: the uneven concentration of women and men in studies and at work. This makes the labour market less competitive and companies struggle to find qualified professionals in growing sectors, such as information and communications technology (ICT) and health or personal care. Gender segregation poses challenges for these industries and leads to a reduced talent pool, untapped potential and unfulfilled career aspirations. Women make up less than 20% of ICT graduates in the EU, a figure that has been declining in recent years. Despite labour shortages in the sector, women will keep missing out on these job opportunities because of gender segregation that shapes their choices from an early age. These are some of the findings from a forthcoming report prepared by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) at the request of the Estonian Presidency of the Council of the EU.“We cannot ignore gender segregation anymore. This is an EU-wide problem, which reinforces the undervaluation of women’s work and leads to their higher poverty and lower economic independence. The fact that employment growth stems from the creation of quality jobs for men but not so much for women needs to be recognised and dealt with by a much wider circle of stakeholders,” said Virginija Langbakk, Director of EIGE.Even with recent employment boosts, women and men are still concentrated in jobs typical for their gender. Women often end up in part-time jobs that pay less and have a lower social status. Fewer economic opportunities for women not only mean a lower standard of living for themselves, but also rule out the chances of better living conditions for their entire family.“Gender stereotypes are the motion force behind segregation, influencing subject choices and career aspirations for girls and boys from a young age. The current situation needs to change. It is up to everyone – parents, peers, teachers and politicians to let young people know that they have both the ability and the possibility to study and work in any field they want, irrespective of their gender”, said Jevgeni Ossinovski, Estonian Minister of Health and Labour.In the coming years, our ageing society will put more and more pressure on the care sector. There are big gender imbalances and a serious undersupply of men who are willing and able to work in this field. Most men are not interested in taking up jobs in women dominated professions. They make up only one fifth of graduates in health and welfare across the EU.Narrowing the gender gap in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education is one way to create fairer economic growth. EIGE’s research shows that this would lead to more jobs (up to 1.2 million by 2050) and increased GDP over the long-term (up to 820 billion EUR by 2050). It would also improve the long‑term competitiveness of the EU economy, due to more exports and less imports that would contribute to an improved balance of trade.EIGE’s report ‘Study and work in the EU: set apart by gender’ (forthcoming 2018) forms the basis of conclusions adopted by the European Council for Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs (EPSCO). It explores the progress in overcoming educational and occupational gender segregation in the EU and looks at ways to address it. (photo: study and work)

Posted in Estero/world news, scuola/school | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Nanomechanical Sensors to Study at the Nanoscale Biomedical Challenges

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 4 dicembre 2017

Roma Martedì 5 Dicembre 2017, ore 11:13 Dipartimento di Scienze, CISDIC Via della Vasca Navale 79 Giovanni Longo, dell’Istituto di Struttura della Materia del CNR, terrà presso il Dipartimento di Scienze un seminario in cui verranno descritte le diverse potenzialità di applicazione di un sensore di “nanomotion” sviluppato per caratterizzare la correlazione tra vita e movimento.
Ad esempio, verrà mostrato come sia possibile studiare con tale sensore la risposta di specie batteriche a farmaci e a stimoli chimici e come monitorare i neuroni esposti alle proteine ​​amiloidi, per dimostrare a livello di singola cellula l’effetto delle diverse forme di aggregazione delle proteine, e ancora come ottenere una rapida caratterizzazione della risposta delle cellule tumorali ai farmaci antitumorali. Tutti questi risultati indicano che esiste una stretta correlazione tra movimento e vita e che un sensore in grado di trasdurre questi movimenti può fornire un nuovo punto di vista nell’analisi dei sistemi viventi e consentire un nuovo modo di caratterizzare l’attività metabolica.

Posted in Roma/about Rome, Università/University | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Study adds to evidence that electronic cigarettes are not harmless

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 5 febbraio 2017

sigaretteSophia Antipolis. A study published in JAMA Cardiology has added to growing evidence that electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are not harmless. “Studies like this give further confirmation that e-cigarettes are not harmless,” said European Society of Cardiology cardiovascular prevention spokesperson Professor Joep Perk.“If I was a minister of health I would put my efforts into public anti-smoking campaigns especially directed towards the younger generation, and not promote e-cigarettes as an alternative to smoking,” he continued. “There are studies also showing that people that start with e-cigarettes have a tendency to become persistent tobacco cigarette smokers as well.” The 2016 European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention flagged up the need for further research on the long-term effects of e-cigarettes. The current study included 23 habitual e-cigarette users (used most days for at least one year) and 19 non-users between the ages of 21 and 45 years. It found that habitual e-cigarette users were more likely than non-users to have increased cardiac sympathetic activity (increased adrenaline levels in the heart) and increased oxidative stress – known mechanisms by which tobacco cigarettes increase cardiovascular risk. The authors said the findings “have critical implications for the long-term cardiac risks associated with habitual e-cigarette use” and “mandate a re-examination of aerosolized nicotine and its metabolites”. They added that causality could not be confirmed on the basis of this single, small study, and that further research into the potential adverse cardiovascular health effects of e-cigarettes is warranted. “Nicotine stimulates the central nervous system, so it’s not at all surprising that people continuously taking nicotine get this sympathetic stimulation,” said Professor Perk. “This then might lead to irregular heartbeat and raised blood pressure, and probably has long-term deleterious effects on the blood vessel walls.” “It is too large a step to say that these negative effects are proof that people are going to die early because they used e-cigarettes,” he continued. “To prove this you have to put people on e-cigarettes for 10 to 15 years and see how many die early – a study that will not be done for ethical reasons. The weakness of all studies in this field is that they are observational and small, and they look at indicators of vascular wall damage rather than incidence of cardiovascular disease or death.” Professor Perk said that, even after this study, e-cigarettes could still be used to help people stop smoking tobacco cigarettes, but they should be used with caution and other methods should preferably be tried first. He said: “E-cigarettes are one of the tools we have in nicotine replacement therapy but as clinicians we should be cautious of putting people on large amounts of central nervous system stimulant drugs. Other smoking cessation schemes, such as chewing gum or patches, always include the decision to taper off use and eventually stop. This is not in general the case with e-cigarettes, which tend to be seen as a replacement and not a weaning off nicotine addiction. In fact they prolong the addiction.” “This is an area where we need more knowledge,” continued Professor Perk. “The more data we collect, the more it seems that nicotine replacement strategies that taper off and ultimately end nicotine use are the way to go.” “At the end of the day the best thing is simply to prevent people ever getting into the vicinity of nicotine,” he concluded.

Posted in Estero/world news, Medicina/Medicine/Health/Science | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Global research priorities for interpersonal violence prevention: a modified Delphi study

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 6 gennaio 2017

Almost half a million people are victims of homicide every year and one in three women has experienced violence from an intimate partner at some point during her life. Furthermore, a quarter of adults report having been physically abused in childhood and one in five women and one in 13 men report having been sexually abused in childhood. Interpersonal violence during childhood can have serious, lifelong consequences that affect mental and physical health, academic and job performance and social functioning.In addition, interpersonal violence, which includes child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, youth violence, armed violence, sexual violence and elder abuse, create an economic burden on society. Over the last two decades, the prevention of interpersonal violence has risen on the international public health agenda. In May 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted a global plan of action to strengthen the role of health systems in World Health Organizationaddressing interpersonal violence, particularly against women and girls and against children. The 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) recently adopted by the United Nations include four targets on interpersonal violence: to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls, to eliminate all harmful practices against women and girls (target, to reduce significantly all forms of violence and related deaths everywhere; and (iv) to end abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against children In spite of progress in the past 20 years, major gaps in violence prevention remain. The Global status report on violence prevention1 reveals that civil and vital registration data on homicide are lacking in 40% of countries. Moreover, fewer than half of all countries have reported conducting population-based surveys on most forms of nonfatal violence, such as child maltreatment, youth violence and elder abuse. Only 9.3% of all outcome evaluation studies in violence prevention have been conducted in low- and middleincome countries and there is no indication that this is increasing, despite over 85% of violent deaths occurring in these countries.
Research has a major role to play in reducing the global burden of interpersonal violence, by: clearly defining the magnitude and distribution of violence; identifying risk and protective factors; developing effective interventions that target these factors to prevent and respond to violence; and increasing understanding of the legislative and policy environment and the human, institutional and financial resources required to scale up effective interventions. However, current research remains under-resourced relative to the burden of the problem, it is fragmented and disproportionately focused on high-income countries.

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

New Multi-Center Registry To Study Benefits of Stretta Therapy for GERD Patients after Sleeve Gastrectomy

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 13 maggio 2016

MedicinaNORWALK, /PRNewswire/ — Mederi Therapeutics today announced a new multi-center registry that will study the benefit of Stretta Therapy as a treatment option in patients who experience gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after sleeve gastrectomy (SG).The study, entitled “Examining the Benefit of RF Treatment (Stretta) of GERD after Sleeve Gastrectomy,” includes 15 of the top bariatric programs in the U.S. This multi-center registry will study patients with documented GERD a minimum of six months after a sleeve gastrectomy. The study will focus on GERD symptom control (HRQL) after Stretta, with follow up at six, 12, and 24 months.Sleeve gastrectomy is the weight loss procedure of choice, representing 51% of bariatric surgeries performed in the U.S. in 2014 (up from 42% in 2013). Patients typically choose a sleeve over a gastric bypass because it allows the stomach to retain normal function.
Erin Moran-Atkins, MD, FACS, Principal Investigator and Assistant Professor of Surgery at the Montefiore Medical center and the Albert Einstein School of Medicine, explained the challenges of treating patients with GERD after a sleeve: “Obese patients experience GERD at a dramatically higher rate than the average population. Weight loss surgery resolves GERD in some patients, but for others, symptoms continue. The post-sleeve patient may also have a hard time tolerating common GERD medications and want to avoid a conversion to a gastric bypass, which has been the standard next step.” Co-investigator W. Scott Melvin, MD, FACS, Director General Surgery at the Montefiore Medical Center and Professor of Surgery at the Albert Einstein School of Medicine, further noted the limited options for sleeve patients with GERD. “Because of the sleeve’s altered anatomy, you can’t perform a fundoplication. Furthermore, conversion to a gastric bypass has a higher complication rate. Stretta has been widely studied in patients with altered anatomy from surgery. Importantly, for the bariatric patient, receiving Stretta doesn’t preclude further surgery. We are looking forward to data confirming that Stretta can help the growing bariatric patient population with GERD.” Studies show that up to 84% of patients with pre-existing GERD continued to have symptoms after a sleeve gastrectomy, and at least eight percent develop new GERD post-operatively.
Stretta is a non-surgical procedure for GERD that uses radiofrequency (RF) energy to regenerate the muscle between the stomach and esophagus. Studies show that Stretta resolves reflux symptoms, improves quality of life, reduces or eliminates medications, and decreases acid exposure in patients with chronic GERD. Stretta is delivered transorally and does not alter the anatomy, making it a viable option for patients with GERD who have undergone bariatric surgery.
Stretta is a versatile, non-surgical option for GERD patients who do not respond well to medications and wish to avoid surgery. Stretta has been the subject of more than 40 studies, all showing a high level of safety and efficacy. Manufactured by Mederi Therapeutics, Stretta is available worldwide.

Posted in Estero/world news, Medicina/Medicine/Health/Science | Contrassegnato da tag: , , | Leave a Comment »

Greenpeace: Study – 100% renewable energy globally by 2050 possible

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 21 settembre 2015

berlinoBerlin, 21 September 2015 – The investment necessary to move toward 100% renewable energy by 2050 would be more than covered by future savings in fuel costs, according to a ground-breaking new report from Greenpeace, researched in collaboration with the German Aerospace Centre (DLR).The Energy [R]evolution scenario 2015 also says more jobs would be created in the energy sector – with the solar industry alone employing as many people in the future as the coal industry does today. Its detailed data compares different regions of the world.
Within 15 years, renewables’ share of electricity could triple from 21% today to 64% — almost two thirds of global electricity supply could come from renewable energy. Even with the rapid development of countries like Brazil, China and India, CO2 emissions could fall from the current 30 gigatonnes a year to 20 gigatonnes by 2030. In jobs, the solar PV industry could employ 9.7 million people by 2030, more than 10 times as many as it does today. Jobs in wind power could grow to 7.8 million over the same period. Sven Teske of Greenpeace, the lead author of the report, said: “The solar- and wind industries have come of age, and are cost-competitive with coal. It is very likely they will overtake the coal industry in terms of jobs and energy supplied within the next decade. ““It’s the responsibility of the fossil fuel industry to prepare for these changes in the labour market and make provisions. Governments need to manage the dismantling of the fossil fuel industry which is moving rapidly into irrelevance. Every dollar invested in new fossil fuel projects is high risk capital which might end up as stranded investment.”The necessary investment is more than covered by savings in future fuel costs. The average additional investment needed in renewables until 2050 is about $1 trillion a year. Because renewables don’t require fuel, the savings over the same period are $1.07 trillion a year, so more than meet the costs of the required investment, with the cross-over point happening between 2025 and 2030.Kumi Naidoo, the Executive Director of Greenpeace International, said: “We must not let lobbying by vested interests in the fossil fuel industry stand in the way of a switch to renewable energy, the most effective and fairest way to deliver a clean and safe energy future, so more than meet the costs of the investment.“I would urge all those who say ‘it can’t be done’ to read this report and recognise that it can be done, it must be done and it will be for the benefit of everyone if it is done.”The Paris climate summit, in less than three months, offers global leaders the opportunity to take the necessary and critical steps to fight climate change, by accelerating the steady transformation of the world’s energy sector, away from fossil fuels and towards 100% renewable energy by mid-century.Naidoo adds: ‘With this Greenpeace scenario, the Paris climate agreement must deliver a long term vision for phasing out coal, oil, gas and nuclear energy by mid-century, reaching the goal of 100% renewables with energy access for all.”

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Britain at work

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 12 agosto 2015

britain_at_work_0The Britain at Work study, conducted by the Opinium Stakeholder Insight team in conjunction with Lansons, is a comprehensive in-depth look into the hearts and minds of the British Workforce. It explores their thoughts and attitudes, hopes and fears, in what is possibly the largest, and certainly the most timely attempt to understand every aspect of the working lives of Britons at work. The respondents for the study, over 2,000 of them, come from our large 40,000 UK consumer research panel and from all walks of life, size of organisation, public vs private, etc. and robustly represents the current British workforce.
Image The ‘Britain at Work’ study reveals a hard working British workforce that is willing to go the extra mile. Workers recognise their company’s ethos, where their company is going and what it wants to achieve. They have good relationships with their managers and, currently, they feel relatively secure in the job. However, workers also feel overworked and exhausted. They are under pressure and regularly work beyond their contracted hours, sacrificing valuable work life balance in the process. Additionally, workers are not entirely sure about their long term future, or indeed about their progression within the company. 51% of British workers told us that they would not recommend their organisation to others as a place to work. This is an extremely worrying piece of insight.

Posted in Estero/world news, Spazio aperto/open space | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Study clears traders failing to deliver for collapse of Lehman Brothers in financial crash

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 23 aprile 2015

university buffalo managementTraders who ‘failed to deliver’ on stock market trades during the 2007-08 financial crash have been cleared of causing the collapse of major financial firms such as AIG, Lehman Brothers and Bear Stearns, according to a new study.After the crash the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) brought in rules to stop aggressive naked short-selling, which can produce many ‘fails to deliver’ (FTDs), as they were blamed in part for the demise of Lehman Brothers – the fourth largest investment bank in the US. A former Under Secretary of Commerce claimed that naked short selling cost investors $1 billion and drove 1,000 companies into the ground.But research from Vikas Raman, of Warwick Business School, Veljko Fotak, of the University of Buffalo School of Management, and Pradeep Yadav, of the University of Oklahoma, found no evidence that FTDs caused the failure of financial firms and found the spikes in the number of FTDs came after the Lehman Brothers and other firms had announced they were in trouble.FTDs occur when the position on a stock can’t be covered, either the short seller can’t afford the shares or they are not available three days after the sale. Naked short-selling – where the short seller bets that a stock’s price will fall without even borrowing the shares before selling them and then looks to cover their positions immediately after the sale – is seen as the main cause of FTDs.Dr Raman said: “Our research found that the spikes in FTD activity came after news about the firms’ financial problems had been announced.“There was an abnormal amount of FTDs during the crash, which you would expect. When there is negative news traders want to short-sell so there would be an increase in FTDs, but when we analysed the data we found they did not precipitate the announcements of the financial firms being in difficulty and the subsequent falls in stock prices.Also, contrary to what has been suggested in the media and by regulators the study found FTDs do not have a detrimental effect on stock markets. It found no evidence that FTDs caused price distortions. In fact the study showed the ability to fail has a beneficial impact on liquidity and the pricing efficiency of equity markets.For samples of both the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and NASDAQ, increases in FTDs lead to a reduction in pricing errors, intraday volatility, spreads, and order imbalances.The paper, Fails-to-Deliver-Short Selling, and Market Quality, published in the Journal of Financial Economics saw the researchers analyse 1,492 NYSE stocks over a 42-month period from January 2005 to June 2008. For robustness they also looked at 2,381 NASDAQ ordinary common-share issues over the same period.The researchers’ analysis found that large FTD changes are followed by next day improvements in market liquidity and pricing efficiency. According to the research, FTDs affected about 95 per cent of NYSE securities.Significantly, the research found that despite a strong regulatory focus by the SEC on reducing FTDs this did not have the intended effect and had a detrimental effect on liquidity. While the SEC order banning FTDs arising from naked short sales did lead to a drastic reduction in FTDs, it also led to a significant increase in absolute pricing errors, relative bid-ask spreads, and intraday volatility.Dr Raman added: “FTDs are not really any different in terms of impact on the market, than short-sells that eventually get covered, they bring liquidity and price efficiency, FTDs are doing the same thing.“Yet after the crash FTDs were more or less banned in the US. Our study shows that this regulation is not supported by research, instead a mechanism that helped liquidity and price efficiency has been taken out of the market.”Dr Raman added: “The removal of the ability to fail by the SEC and in other European countries since the crash for all public traders is somewhat debatable. They help liquidity and regulators most important role is to focus on how best to maintain liquidity and transparency in the stock borrowing market. Instead of a virtual ban on FTDs regulators could consider progressive fines for any delays in settling a trade.”

Posted in Estero/world news, Università/University | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | Leave a Comment »

The psychological impact of food allergy

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 13 giugno 2011

Istanbul/Zurich. Perceived quality of life is worse for those with food allergy than those with diabetes because they live in a state of uncertainty, new research shows. Dr Anthony Dubois of the Beatrix Children’s Hospital, The Netherlands, used a new psychological test to measure ‘health-related quality of life’ (HRQL) of food allergic patients, and compared them with those with type I diabetes. Measuring the impact of food allergy in psychological terms is difficult because most patients have no physical symptoms most of the time, and death rates from allergy are low. “Hence there is a particular need for measurement of quality of life to assess the impact of food allergy in psychological terms,” said Dr Dubois today at the Congress of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Istanbul. This new test can be used on people of all ages and is available in many languages, and aims to assess quality of life in food-allergic individuals, but also look at the impact of accurate diagnosis using ‘food challenge’ tests (where an individual is exposed to different foods and any allergic response monitored), and subsequent management of their condition. “The studies show that uncertainty is a source of diminished quality of life in food allergic patients, and accurate diagnosis with challenge testing improves HRQL,” said Dr Dubois. Carrying an adrenaline auto injector might help, because it has the potential to reduce perceived uncertainty in people with food allergy and improve their HRQL. “Understanding these effects will allow us to treat patients’ food allergy in a way which optimizes their willingness to follow the safety rules and their HRQL as well,” he explained. HRQL is also important because it can tell us what the ’cost’ of food allergy is to the patient which cannot be measured in dollars and cents. Comparing different therapies for allergy in terms of their effectiveness and economic cost – and impact on quality of life is an important area and will be a focus of future study.

Posted in Estero/world news, Medicina/Medicine/Health/Science | Contrassegnato da tag: , , , | 1 Comment »