Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 29 n° 341

Posts Tagged ‘trade’

Record broken in crowdfunding. Fastest exit on FundedByMe. Frontoffice gets listed on stockmarket 3 months after crowdfunding

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 25 maggio 2016

stoccolma1Stockholm, 24 May 2016: Swedish company reconstruction firm FrontOffice Nordic AB, which raised almost €600,000 from crowdfunding investors on FundedByMe in February 2016, has been listed on the Nordic Growth Market (NGM) stock exchange. This announcement makes FrontOffice the first successfully crowdfunded company in Scandinavia – and one of the first in Europe – to be listed on a stock exchange.Crowdfunding investors into FrontOffice – who could buy shares for a minimum investment of €53 – are now able to trade those shares on this regulated stock exchange, licensed by the Financial Supervisory Authority.“With the rate of market maturation, this is very exciting for FundedByMe – but also for equity crowdfunding globally,” says Daniel Daboczy, CEO and co-founder of FundedByMe. “I personally invested in FrontOffice and following this path to NGM has been thrilling. I firmly believe that this paves the way for other crowdfunding companies while reestablishing to investors the fact that equity crowdfunding is changing the finance and investment market for the better,” Daboczy continues.FrontOffice launched its crowdfunding campaign on FundedByMe on 25 November 2015 and closed it in mid-February 2016 after overfunding up to 111% from 183 investors. Since the company was founded in 2013, the aim had been to list FrontOffice shares on the stock market. “Both the company and the market was ready for a public listing and I believe that the visibility that comes with being listed on NGM will in turn enable us to help more customers,” says Johan Lund, Managing Director of FrontOffice Nordic AB (publ.).This listing comes in the same week as FundedByMe has launched its own equity crowdfunding round, which confirmed more than 80% of its €800,000 since opening 7 days ago. View that campaign here / http://fundedbyme.com/invest

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UNFCCC and Trade-related issues and intellectual property

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 5 dicembre 2015

The 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21/CMP11) will be held in Paris from 30 November to 11 December 2015. This year’s conference is crucial because the expected outcome is a new international agreement on climate change, applicable to all, to keep global warming below 2°C. Although the UNFCCC negotiations do not as such deal with trade, specific trade
issues are regularly raised in UNFCCC context, which is also expected in Paris. Regarding trade in general, many countries have triclimateed to introduce parallel discussions concerning trade issues under the UNFCCC, in particular within the framework of the discussions concerning the “impact of the implementation of response measures”. As a matter of principle, the UNFCCC is not the appropriate forum to discuss trade measures and to elaborate on additional disciplines. The WTO is the established international body tasked with this purpose, and any decision regarding the use of trade measures under the UNFCCC would undermine this role. The EU argues that the UNFCCC (Article 3(5), which provides that measures taken to combat climate change, including unilateral ones, should not constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination or a disguised restriction on international trade), and the Kyoto Protocol (Article 2(3), which provides that developing
countries shall strive to implement policies and measures in such a way as to minimize adverse effects on international trade) already contain the necessary provisions on the trade-climate relationship. Therefore it is proposed to continue to oppose discussion of trade measures under UNFCCC. More concretely, the following outcomes would be undesirable:
Limited Limited o the adoption of any trade provision going beyond already existingConvention principles, in particular the restriction of the use of unilateral trade measures as part of climate change policies; o the establishment of formal links between the UNFCCC institutions andWTO;o the launching of any working programme or mechanism on trade measures;
Regarding intellectual property rights (IPR), many countries keep proposing to introduce references to the role of IPR as a barrier to the dissemination of innovation and provisions promoting transfers of technology that do not sufficiently safeguard the voluntary nature of such activities. Accepting such language would create the strong risk of weakening IPR as an incentive to innovation in the area of climate related technologies. Empirical evidence proves that IPR do not hamper the use and dissemination of climate-related technologies in developing countries and cannot be seen as an obstacle to technology transfer. Only a minute proportion of patents for Climate Change Mitigation Technologies (CCMT) are actually filed in developing countries. Two studies conducted jointly by the European Patent Office and the
United Nations Environment Programme show that less than 1% of all patent applications relating to CCMT from the last 30 years (1980 to 2009) have been filed in Africa and less than 3% of worldwide CCMT patent applications are filed in Latin America.
Pursuant to Article 3(5) of the UNFCCC, modelled on Article XX of GATT, “he Parties should cooperate topromote a supportive and open international economic system that would lead to sustainable economic growth and development in all Parties, particularly developing country Parties, thus enabling them better to address the problems of climate change. Measures taken to combat climate change, including unilateral
ones, should not constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination or a disguised restriction on international trade.”

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Trade agreements and data flows: Safeguarding the EU data protection standards

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 13 giugno 2015

BruxellesBruxelles Tuesday, 16 June, 10.00 – 12.30, room Paul-Henri Spaak (PHS) 3C050Several trade negotiations and trade agreements including services (TTIP, TISA, CETA) touch upon areas that have an impact on data flows between the EU and the partner country (e.g. financial services, telecommunications). To which extent do these negotiations respect the EU’s acquis on data privacy? What are the views of our trading partners on these issues? Which offensive and defensive interests are at stake? These are some of the issues to be addressed in a hearing jointly organised by the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee and the International Trade Committee on “Trade agreements and data flows: Safeguarding the EU data protection standards” on Tuesday, from 10.00 to 12.30.
The hearing, co-chaired by Bernd Lange (S&D, DE) and Claude Moraes (S&D, UK), will be divided in two panels, one on “Data flows, localisation and global value chains: offensive and defensive interests at stake”, and the other on “Data flows between the EU and partner countries: how to comply with the EU standards on data protection and fundamental rights?”. Hearing’s webpage

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Predicting a company’s stock return, through trade credit links

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 29 aprile 2015

lisbonaAccording to new research from Saïd Business School, Oxford and Católica Lisbon Business School, businesses that extend high levels of trade credit to their customers and engage in foreign sales have stock returns that are strongly predictable based on the stock returns of their associated international customers. This means that firms that extend high levels of trade credit may be more vulnerable to shocks to their customers, especially during financial crises.Sumudu W. Watugala said: ‘The implications of these findings are that during a financial crisis, investors and policy makers should monitor the economic links between supplier and customer firms across countries, especially the use of trade credit. Extending high levels of trade credit may make firms more vulnerable to shocks to their customers. This paper sheds light on a source of firm risk that may lead to cross-border financial contagion.’Trade credit, or the credit extended by suppliers to their customers, represents a significant source of financing for many firms. In the study, the use of trade credit was measured via the relative levels of accounts receivables on a firm’s balance sheet. Financing with trade credit is particularly important for firms that are bank credit-constrained or operate in emerging markets with underdeveloped legal systems and capital markets.The findings were launched in a publication in the Journal of Financial Economics titled, ‘Trade Credit and Cross-Country Predictable Firm Returns’ which was authored by Professor Tarun Ramadorai and Sumudu W. Watugala at Saïd Business School, University of Oxford, and Professor Rui Albuquerque, Boston University and Católica Lisbon.During financial crises, stock market movements across the globe appear synchronised. To explain this observation, many have highlighted the role of direct economic links. Recent domestic evidence from the US shows that economic links not only explain contemporaneous correlations between firms’ stock returns, but also provide useful information for predicting future firm-level stock returns. The paper specifically focuses on the role of an important economic connection between suppliers and customers that leads to return predictability across borders.The report analysed data from 43 countries from 1993 to 2009 and the authors developed an asset pricing model to better understand the effect in which firms in different countries are connected by trade credit links. Suppliers who extend trade credit have an implicit stake in the future prospects of their customers. The model offers further predictions about this phenomenon, for which the authors find empirical evidence, including stronger predictability during periods of high credit constraints and low uninformed trading volume.

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Ghana Trade & Investmen

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 29 ottobre 2014

ghanaRoma Il 31 ottobre 2014 si svolgerà, presso la sede del Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale italiana, il “Ghana Trade & Investment Forum”, iniziativa organizzata da UNIDO ITPO Italy e MAECI, in collaborazione con World Trade Centre Accra, Confindustria e ICE Agenzia. All’evento parteciperà una nutrita delegazione proveniente dal Ghana, forte di esponenti del mondo istituzionale ed imprenditoriale di questa “stella d’Africa”. All’evento saranno inoltre presenti numerose autorità e rappresentanti di rilievo nazionali, quali esponenti di Confindustria e del Ministero dell’Ambiente della Repubblica Italiana.La prima parte della giornata sarà dedicata alla presentazione del Ghana, con un focus particolare dedicato alla Green Economy, alle Infrastrutture e all’Agro-Industria, temi molto cari e soprattutto in linea con le priorità e gli obiettivi dell’Agenzia UN.La delegazione africana avrà modo di presentare il potenziale economico, le opportunità di business e quelle di investimento offerte dal Paese. Questa nazione, beneficiando di una solida struttura politica e di un’economia che sta attraversando una notevole fase di sviluppo, possiede tutti i requisiti per essere attraente agli occhi degli investitori. Le aziende partecipanti all’evento ricoprono i settori economici più svariati: dalla logistica all’agroalimentare, passando per il settore delle costruzioni/infrastrutture e quello minerario. Tale varietà consentirà alle aziende italiane di spaziare ed esplorare appieno il panorama industriale ghanese, specialmente durante gli incontri B2B della sessione pomeridiana, principale veicolo per la creazione di collaborazioni imprenditoriali forti e durature.

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Groundbreaking Report Commissioned by Born Free USA Uncovers Ivory Supply Chain from Poached African Elephants to Markets in Asia

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 20 ottobre 2014

born freeWashington, Born Free USA and C4ADS released a groundbreaking report, Out of Africa: Criminalisation of the African Ivory Trade, which focuses on the ivory supply chain and the trafficking of ivory from the bush in Africa to retail markets tens of thousands of miles away in Asia. This information comes four months after the groups’ shocking report, Ivory’s Curse: The Militarisation and Professionalisation of Poaching in Africa, which detailed the poaching crisis and its links to violent militias, organized crime, and government corruption. View the full report at http://www.bornfreeusa.org/OutOfAfrica. According to Adam M. Roberts, CEO of The Born Free Foundation and Born Free USA, “The ivory trade is operating today at the highest level since the 1989 commercial ivory trade ban. Our investigation reveals that between 2009 and June 2014, there were more than 90 large-scale ivory seizures, collectively weighing almost 170 tons that bear the hallmarks of international organized crime. This would amount to approximately 229,729 elephants killed and trafficked in fewer than six years.””It is well known that East Asian nationals, and, in particular, the Chinese, drive the modern ivory trade. However, the scale we found in our investigation was shocking; Chinese traffickers are present in virtually every single African range state, and operate at nearly every point along the ivory supply chain,” Roberts explains. Varun Vira, Chief of Analysis at C4ADS and co-author of the report commissioned by Born Free USA, said, “The ivory trade is worth billions of dollars but is still talked about as if it were an unprofessional, disorganized, and artisanal industry, of concern only to conservationists. In reality, it is a highly organized, complex global crime that has avoided consequence for decades. However, our report reveals that there may be as few as 100 large-scale ivory containers moving annually that drive the vast majority of the entire illegal trade. Focusing efforts on intercepting these containers and tracing back their owners and facilitators can have a real impact on the trade.” (born free)

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Operators up by 15% to 65 thousand from 145 countries

Posted by fidest press agency su lunedì, 29 settembre 2014

verona-city-gateVerona 30 September – 3 October 2015 Indicators up and new records for the 49th Marmomacc, held for the first time in conjunction with Abitare il Tempo: more than 65.000 operators toured the halls, up by 15% over 2013, with 54% of attendance (+4,000) from 145 countries (143 last year). At the end of four show days at Veronafiere (24-27 September), the top ten international visitors saw India take first place, followed by Germany, Turkey, Spain and France. Then came China, the USA, Brazil, Russia and Egypt. There was also significant attendance from the United Kingdom, Iran, South Korea, Portugal and Poland. “This edition marked a critical step for Marmomacc, in terms of both the international development of the sector and the reciprocal promotion agreement with Expo 2015,” said Ettore Riello, President of Veronafiere. It is equally proof that trade shows are a strategic asset in Italy’s industrial policy and highlights Veronafiere’s leading role in Italy and abroad.
“This is a very positive result for the companies producing natural stone products, furniture and furnishing – all examples of excellence Made in Italy,” said Giovanni Mantovani, CEO of Veronafiere. Such results are not fortuitous but the result of the major promotion Veronafiere implements through its network of delegates in 60 countries and the initiatives of Marmomacc in the World. Such action this year achieved an increase in exhibitors (1502 from 58 countries), joined by more than 80 companies attending Abitare il Tempo, as well as official trade delegations from 45 countries.”
Marmomacc thereby confirms its status as the landmark international event for the entire natural stone value chain, from materials to manufacturing technologies and training opportunities for architects and designers. This year, for the first time, the show was held alongside Abitare il Tempo – the exhibition dedicated to furniture, interior finishes and the contract world.
The next edition of Marmomacc and Abitare il Tempo is scheduled Wednesday 30 September to Saturday 3 October 2015.

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The trade policy of the European Union

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 8 maggio 2012

This study by Iana Dreyer assesses the trade policy of the European Union (EU) in its neighbourhood and formulates proposals for the “Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreements” (DCFTAs) that the EU is currently offering to Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Jordan, Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco, as part of the European Neighbourhood Policy and in response to the democratisation processes in the region.The study puts DCFTAs in context by taking stock of the trade policy arrangements currently in place with all its neighbours. It also benchmarks the DCFTA projects against the Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) the EU has signed in recent years with emerging markets outside its neighbourhood. The fundamental issue at stake is how far the EU should push the EU acquis communautaire in particular in the field of technical and sanitary standards. Another important issue is the need to foster investment in the partner economies. Also DCFTAs should be considered a means to foster industrial renewal on both sides. The proposals revolve around an ambitious mutual trade and investment liberalisation agenda, an alternative solution to regulatory alignment in standards, and a customs union to both achieve the goals of regional economic integration and reduce the distortions coming from rules of origin in FTAs.

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U.S. Trade Priorities in Sync with USGC Strategic Plan

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 10 febbraio 2012

Strategic thinking will be a major theme at the U.S. Grains Council’s upcoming meeting (Feb. 13-15) in Panama, a hub for international trade and commerce. As a featured speaker at the Council’s general session, Christian Foster, deputy administrator for the Office of Trade Programs at USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), will offer new insight with his presentation on “Strategic Priorities for U.S. Trade Leadership.”“Christian Foster’s comments will provide an important additional dimension for our discussions, especially as Council members begin the process of applying our updated strategic plan to the challenges facing U.S. exports,” said Tom Sleight, USGC vice president of operations and membership. Foster will draw on an exceptionally rich background in trade, having served early in his career as Bell Atlantic Corporation’s director of business development in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. He served later as an economist for the Defense Intelligence Agency before transferring to USDA’s Economic Research Service.
In 1999, he became chief of the FAS Trade and Investment Program Branch. From 2002 until he assumed his present position, Foster was assistant deputy administrator for the Office of Capacity Building, where he focused on helping fragile and transitional economies transform into viable two-way trading markets for food and agricultural products.

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Trade War Looms With Failure of the Kyoto Protocol blockquote

Posted by fidest press agency su martedì, 6 dicembre 2011

Durban, South Africa – Global trade expert, World Growth Chairman Ambassador Alan Oxley, a former Ambassador to and Chairman of the GATT, warned today that if the imminent failure of the Kyoto Protocol drives the EU to expand use of climate change trade barriers, it could trigger a trade war in which it could be the major loser. Ambassador Oxley’s comments came following a special seminar on Trade and Climate Change today in Durban hosted by the WTO, South African Department of Trade and Industry and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), where World Growth released a new report, “Avoiding Green Protectionism.” The report demonstrates that if officials and negotiators ensured measures they adopted did not impede free markets, they would not need to resort to growth-sapping unilateral trade barriers.
Ambassador Oxley also pointed out airline carbon taxes are not the first EU carbon trade barrier – the EU is already imposing restrictions on imports of biofuels and now timber products. Other members of the WTO, namely Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia and the United States have already complained about discriminatory EU restrictions on biofuel imports, noted Ambassador Oxley.“And now Canada’s former Ambassador to the WTO, John Weekes, has called for Canada to file a legal complaint against the EU’s Fuel Quality Directive on similar grounds.“The decade of campaigning for the Kyoto Protocol emboldened environmental groups like Greenpeace and WWF to push for anti-dumping penalties to restrict imports of timber products and now biofuels, such as palm oil.“The illegal logging trade bans are ugly, blunt tools and the wrong response – the incidence of illegal logging worldwide is small and declining. These bans are being promoted by Green groups as part of their global campaign to restrict commercial forestry.“The resort to Green Protectionism is as futile as the effort to secure global support for the cut in emissions mandated in the Kyoto Protocol. If environmental officials had paid attention to this simple fact when the Protocol was negotiated, there might today be on the table the basis for global agreement to reduce emissions which most countries could support.”
World Growth is an international non-governmental organization established to expand the research, information, advocacy, and other resources to improve the economic conditions and living standards in developing and transitional countries. At World Growth, we embrace the age of globalization and the power of free trade to eradicate poverty and create jobs and opportunities. World Growth supports the production of palm oil and the use of forestry as a means to promote economic growth, reduce poverty and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. World Growth believes a robust cultivation of palm oil and forestry provides an effective means of environmental stewardship that can serve as the catalyst for increasing social and economic development. For more information on World Growth, visit http://www.worldgrowth.org.

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Agenda assessori Roma

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 3 dicembre 2010

Roma 3/12/2010 VICESINDACO CUTRUFO Ore 9.30: Studio del Vicesindaco, Campidoglio
Il vicesindaco, Mauro CUTRUFO, incontra una delegazione della China Association of Trade in Services (CATIS).
ASSESSORE MARSILIO E DELEGATO ALLO SPORT COCHI Ore 11: Sala dell’Arazzo, Campidoglio L’assessore alle Politiche Educative Scolastiche, della Famiglia e della Gioventù, Laura MARSILIO, e il delegato allo Sport, Alessandro COCHI, partecipano alla firma del Protocollo d’Intesa tra Roma Capitale, Ufficio Scolastico Regionale per il Lazio, CONI Provinciale-Roma, Comitato Italiano Paralimpico Provinciale-Roma. In questa occasione viene presentata la III edizione dei “Ludi Motorii”. Sono presenti il direttore dell’Ufficio Scolastico Regionale per il Lazio, Maria Maddalena NOVELLI, il presidente del CONI Provinciale-Roma, Riccardo VIOLA, il presidente del Comitato Italiano Paralimpico Provinciale-Roma Generale, Maurizio POZZI, il presidente della Commissione Cultura e Sport, Federico MOLLICONE, il presidente della Commissione Scuola, Antonio GAZZELLONE.
ASSESSORE CROPPI Ore 10: Villa Malta, piazza dei Cavalieri di Malta 1 L’assessore alle Politiche culturali e della Comunicazione, Umberto CROPPI, partecipa alla presentazione del libro “I Barbari che presero Roma. Il sacco del 410 e le sue conseguenze” di Massimiliano Ghilardi e Gianluca Pilara.
Ore 18: Macro, via Nizza – angolo via Cagliari. L’assessore alle Politiche culturali e della Comunicazione, Umberto CROPPI, partecipa all’inaugurazione del nuovo Macro di Odile Decq.

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Export Exchange 2010

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 22 settembre 2010

Chicago Oct. 6-8, 2010, at the Hyatt Regency McCormick Place Hotel The U.S. Grains Council and the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA). This co-sponsored event will bring together more than 160 international buyers of U.S. DDGS and coarse grains with U.S. producers and agribusinesses.  The Export Exchange 2010 is uniquely focused on connecting international buyers of DDGS and coarse grains with the U.S. market. The Council is providing sponsorship for the attendance of targeted international trade teams from more than 25 countries. These participants represent nearly 80 percent of the global export market for DDGS and coarse grains. The conference will address critical issues facing U.S. exports and seek to educate and build awareness of U.S. DDGS and coarse grains among international buyers.  There will be many opportunities for media at the event. In addition to information presented in general and breakout sessions, one-on-one interviews will be facilitated with USGC and RFA leaders, as well as other major conference speakers. Interviews will be scheduled during specific allocated time slots.
http://www.grains.org/upcoming-meetings/2584-export-exchange-2010

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USGC Welcomes Gaibler as Trade Policy Director

Posted by fidest press agency su venerdì, 23 aprile 2010

Floyd D. Gaibler has joined the U.S. Grains Council as director of trade policy at the Washington, D.C., headquarters office. In his role, he will work with government officials, members of Congress and the White House to address policy issues related to the export of U.S. feed grains and their co-products.  Prior to joining the Council, Gaibler served as Deputy Under Secretary, Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. In that position, he provided leadership and guidance to programs administered by the Farm Service Agency, the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Risk Management Agency and major international and food trade issues affecting the Foreign Agricultural Service.  Gaibler brings more than 25 years of experience working on agricultural, food and trade policy issues in both the executive and legislative branches of the U.S. federal government and the private sector. Born and raised on the family farm in Farnam, Neb., Gaibler has an M.S. and B.S. in agricultural economics from the University of Nebraska.  According to Gaibler, a priority issue for his work is educating the Administration and Congress on the importance of ratifying existing trade agreements with Panama, South Korea and Colombia.  “Colombia is critical. Due to the lack of ratification of the Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement, the United States is unable to compete on a level playing field. This is because of continued import duties on feed grains and co-products and trade preferences provided to competitors as a result of Colombia’s trade agreement with South American countries,” he said. “As a result, there has been a sharp loss in U.S. export sales to Colombia, particularly in corn last year.”  Gaibler said other issues he is working on include identifying and eliminating barriers affecting the export of feed grains and co-products.  “International trade is becoming increasingly complex and important in a global economy,” he said. “U.S. agriculture must continue to maintain and nurture existing markets, while becoming more innovative and pro-active in identifying and developing new potential growth markets and opportunities.” (Written by Jodi Kiely, USGC Contributing Writer)

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Solar business season

Posted by fidest press agency su domenica, 11 aprile 2010

From April 27 to 29 conference series to get the latest on the PV sector, join PHOTON’s Photovoltaic Technology Show Europe 2010 and its associated. This trade fair is the premier exhibition for production equipment and processing materials for wafers, cells and solar modules. For the first time, it is taking place in the city of Stuttgart, the regional home to many of Germany’s largest production equipment manufacturers. In addition to the hundreds of exhibitors at the trade fair, the event will include PHOTON Academy’s premiere conference series. Among the six conferences are the sector’s well-established information platform on polysilicon, events on production equipment technologies, and our new inverter conference, discussing the recent shortage of inverters as well as taking a close look at the latest in grid-connection technology such as microinverters.

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Wildlife Groups Seek Halt to Polar Bear Trade

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 2 settembre 2009

Washington Humane Society International, International Fund for Animal Welfare and Defenders of Wildlife have urged the United States to lead the way to end international commercial trade in polar bears, including hides, trophies, rugs and other polar bear parts. The United States has an opportunity to submit a proposal to stop the trade at next year’s meeting of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The meeting is set for March 13-25 in Doha, Qatar. Polar bears in the wild live entirely within five countries: Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, Russian Federation and the United States. There are presently between 20,000 and 25,000 polar bears and the number is decreasing. Polar bears are completely dependent on sea ice, which they use for hunting prey, reproduction and movement. Ongoing atmospheric pollution is causing oceanic and atmospheric warming, leading to reductions in sea ice. Some scientists have concluded that polar bears will not survive past the end of this century due to the complete loss of summer sea ice. In 2008, the United States listed the polar bear as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. This ended the importation to the United States of trophies of polar bears killed by American sport hunters. Although hunters from other countries can still import trophies, the United States was by far the largest importer and American trophy hunters had driven this large-scale commercial killing. In addition to hunting trophies, polar bear parts — skin, fur, claws, skulls and even stuffed bears — enter international commercial trade.  More than 400 polar bear skins are traded annually; most come from Canada and most go to Japan.
Humane Society International and its affiliate organizations together constitute one of the world’s largest animal protection organizations — backed by 11 million people. HSI is creating a better future for animals and people through advocacy, education, and hands-on programs. Celebrating animals and confronting cruelty worldwide — On the web at hsi.org. As the world’s leading animal welfare organization, IFAW works from its global headquarters in the United States and 16 country offices to improve the welfare of wild and domestic animals by reducing the commercial exploitation of animals, protecting wildlife habitats, and assisting animals in distress. With projects in more than 40 countries, IFAW works both on the ground and in the halls of government to safeguard wild and domestic animals and seeks to motivate the public to prevent cruelty to animals and to promote animal welfare and conservation policies that advance the well-being of both animals and people. To learn how you can help, please visit ifaw.org.

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Dangerous bacteria

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 8 luglio 2009

The European Commission approved measures for reducing the formation of acrylamide in foods. The Code of Practice will provide national and local authorities, manufacturers and others with guidance to prevent and reduce formation of acrylamide in potato products during all phases of the production process. The guidance includes strategies for raw materials, the addition of other ingredients; and food processing and heating. The chemical acrylamide, first identified in food in 2002, is produced during frying, roasting and baking of carbohydrate-rich foods, such as French fries, potato crisps, coffee, biscuits, pastries and breads. Acrylamide is considered a possible human carcinogen. The Commission adopted the first guidelines for reducing Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) intake through final food preparation. Because smoking and direct drying processes are used both in industry and in private households, the guidance can also form the basis of consumer education programs. Parts of PAH are possible human carcinogens formed during the combustion of fuel both in the smoking and in the direct drying processes involved in the preparation of foods. The Commission adopted guidance to enable coffee producing countries to develop and implement their own national programmes for the prevention and reduction of Ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination. OTA is a fungal toxin also considered a possible human carcinogen. The Commission adopted criteria for salmonella and other bacteria in powdered follow-up formulae for children six months of age or older and for special medical purposes for young children. A bacterium of special concern is E.sakazakii, for which Codex adopted specific criteria for powdered formula for infants (0 to 6 months) in 2008. The Commission decided that in countries with particular risk for E. Sakazakii from consumption of follow-up formulae (i.e. countries with substantial populations of immunocompromised babies) similar criteria for E. sakazaki could be introduced for follow-up formula as for powdered formula for infants. The Commission adopted parameters for microbiological testing and environmental monitoring for Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods. A maximum level was set for certain foods where the bacteria cannot grow, while in ready-to-eat products where growth is possible, no Listeria monocytogenes will be allowed. The parameters will help producers control and prevent contamination of Ready-to-Eat Foods with this bacterium that can result in listeriosis, a potentially fatal disease. While healthy people rarely contract listeriosis, it can cause miscarriages and stillbirths, as well as serious and sometimes fatal infections in those with weakened immune systems, such as infants, the elderly and persons with HIV infection or undergoing chemotherapy. The Commission also adopted regional standards for ginseng products, fermented soybean paste and gochujang. The Commission also launched new work projects, among them establishing maximum levels for melamine in food and feed.  Approximately 500 people, representing 125 countries, participated in the Commission meetings. Karen Hulebak of the United States was re-elected Chairperson; Knud Østergaard of Denmark, Sanjay Dave of India and Ben Manyindo of Nigeria were re-elected Vice-Chairpersons.
The Codex Alimentarius Commission, jointly established in 1963 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), develops international food standards that protect the health of consumers and ensure fair trade practices in the food trade. The Commission has 181 member states and one member organization, the European Community.

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International Trade Law Post-graduate Course

Posted by fidest press agency su mercoledì, 3 giugno 2009

(Corso post-universitario di diritto del commercio internazionale) Da diciotto anni Torino ospita un progetto che ha formato con successo oltre 700 laureati italiani e stranieri e giovani professionisti interessati ad un approfondimento specialistico sulle materie della contrattualistica internazionale che viene svolto in collaborazione tra mondo universitario e mondo delle Nazioni Unite. Infatti il corso è organizzato congiuntamente dall’Istituto Universitario di Studi Europei e dal Centro Internazionale di Formazione dell’Organizzazione Internazionale del Lavoro. Per molti dei partecipanti questa è stata l’occasione decisiva per raggiungere interessanti obiettivi professionali in studi legali internazionali o in servizi legali di importanti aziende. Nell’attuale scenario internazionale, questa proposta formativa rispecchia l’esigenza di avere una formazione altamente specialistica in un arco di tempo relativamente contenuto (circa tre mesi) e in un ambiente che realmente riproduca la situazione reale, dove gli attori del commercio internazionale fronteggiano realtà multiculturali e sistemi giuridici fra loro diversi. E’ quindi assai importante per i futuri operatori imparare non solo a conoscere le normative internazionali che si applicano ai contratti internazionali, ma anche impegnarsi a confrontarsi con realtà e culture non sempre omogenee. Il gruppo di partecipanti che ogni anno per tre mesi si confrontano con queste tematiche è infatti composto da laureati provenienti da paesi europei ed extra-europei, che per tre mesi studiano e lavorano insieme sul Campus del Centro Internazionale di Formazione dell’OIL (ITC-ILO), il più grande istituto di formazione del sistema delle Nazioni Unite che Torino ospita da oltre 40 anni. L’uso della lingua inglese rende il corso accessibile a studenti provenienti da tutto il mondo, creando così una scuola internazionale per la preparazione di esperti in contratti internazionali. In questi diciotto anni il corso ha sviluppato una serie di sinergie con altre istituzioni chepatrocinano l’iniziativa (Università di Torino, Università di Friburgo, Università Autonoma di Madrid, UNCITRAL e UNIDROIT) e con aziende, studi legali ed enti che si sono resi disponibili a valutare candidature per stage di formazione da parte di partecipanti al corso, in modo da facilitare l’inserimento nell’ambito professionale. Ogni anno 35-40 partecipanti laureati in materie giuridiche od economiche approfondiscono, in oltre 250 ore di formazione, le principali tematiche relative al commercio internazionale: l’origine e l’evoluzione del sistema degli scambi internazionali, gli aspetti giuridici della negoziazione contrattuale internazionale, i più importanti tipi di contratto del commercio internazionale; la regolamentazione antitrust; gli strumenti di pagamento, di garanzia e di protezione dell’investimento all’estero; l’arbitrato e la risoluzione delle controversie. La peculiarità di questa iniziativa risiede principalmente nella metodologia che affianca a lezioni di tipo frontale anche esercitazioni su casi pratici, simulazioni, “moot court”, test ed altre attività formative di tipo interattivo, avvalendosi della collaborazione di illustri professori italiani e stranieri, alti funzionari di organismi internazionali e rappresentanti del mondo finanziario, industriale e della pratica legale A una metodologia alternativa (rispetto a quella tradizionale accademica) si affianca anche una localizzazione particolarmente favorevole che contribuisce ad accogliere e ad assistere logisticamente studenti provenienti da tutto il mondo. Il Campus dell’ITC-ILO (sul genere dei campus universitari stranieri) è dotato di servizi e strutture che rendono ai partecipanti particolarmente piacevole il loro soggiorno a Torino. Per gli organizzatori la più grande soddisfazione sta nel vedere i propri ex-allievi raggiungere importanti traguardi professionali e talora tornare al corso in qualità non più di partecipanti, ma bensì di affermati esperti e docenti

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