Fidest – Agenzia giornalistica/press agency

Quotidiano di informazione – Anno 33 n° 348

Posts Tagged ‘weight’

Stand up: It could help you lose weight

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 1 febbraio 2018

Sophia Antipolis. You might want to read this on your feet. A new study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology1 found that standing instead of sitting for six hours a day could prevent weight gain and help people to actually lose weight.Prolonged sitting has been linked to the obeSophia Antipolissity epidemic, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Europeans sit for up to seven hours a day, and even physically active people may spend most of the day in a chair. This paper examined whether standing burns more calories than sitting. The researchers analysed results from a total of 46 studies with 1,184 participants in all. Participants, on average, were 33 years old, 60% were men, and the average body mass index and weight were 24 kg/m2 and 65 kg, respectively.The researchers found that standing burned 0.15 kcal per minute more than sitting. By substituting standing for sitting for six hours a day, a 65 kg person would expend an extra 54 kcal a day. Assuming no increase in food intake, that would equate to 2.5 kg in one year and 10 kg in four years.
Senior author Professor Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Chief of Preventive Cardiology at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, US, said: “Standing not only burns more calories, the additional muscle activity is linked to lower rates of heart attacks, strokes, and diabetes, so the benefits of standing could go beyond weight control.” The gap in energy expenditure between standing and sitting could be even greater than the study found. Participants were standing still, while in reality people make small movements while standing. “Our results might be an underestimate because when people stand they tend to make spontaneous movements like shifting weight or swaying from one foot to another, taking small steps forward and back. People may even be more likely to walk to the filing cabinet or trash bin,” said Professor Lopez-Jimenez.he authors concluded that replacing standing for sitting could be yet another behaviour change to help reduce the risk of long term weight gain. They suggest more research is needed to see whether such a strategy is effective and practical. Data is also needed, they say, on the long term health implications of standing for extended periods.Professor Lopez-Jimenez said: “It’s important to avoid sitting for hours at a time. Standing is a very good first step – no pun intended – to avoid this mindset of sitting interminably without moving. Who knows, it may also prompt some people to do a little more and take up some mild physical activity, which would be even more beneficial.”

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20 cent school intervention stops unhealthy weight gain in children

Posted by fidest press agency su sabato, 27 agosto 2016

cardiology congress-2016Rome, Italy 27 Aug 2016 Fiera di Roma (Ingresso Nord, Via Portuense 1645/1647) A school intervention costing less than 20 cents per child has stopped unhealthy weight gain. The randomised study is presented at ESC Congress 2016 today by Ms Daniela Schneid Schuh, a nutritionist at the Institute of Cardiology of Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre, Brazil.1 “Obesity has reached a plateau in developed countries but continues to rise in many developing countries, such as Brazil,” said Ms Schneid Schuh. “Thus, it is necessary to develop low-cost methods to prevent people become overweight, starting in childhood.”Healthy School, Happy School was a randomised controlled trial designed to test the effectiveness of an intervention stop obesity in children. It was conducted in Feliz, Brazil.“Feliz is the Portuguese word for ‘Happy’, and the study name pays tribute to this small but very special town in South Brazil,” said Ms Schneid Schuh. “Mainly influenced by German immigration, Feliz has one of the highest human development indexes in the country.2 But health problems such as obesity, sedentarism, hypertension and other chronic diseases are aggravated by rising urbanisation and changing eating habits.”The research group in paediatric preventive cardiology in Porto Alegre recruited four public schools in Feliz with students of both genders, aged between five and 16 years. Schools were randomly assigned to one of two groups for nine months: the intervention group (two schools with 73 children), which focused on lifestyle changes at school and at home, or the control group (two schools with 140 riochildren), which only received the usual recommendations from the regular school curriculum. The interventions in the study were delivered by nutritionists in the Research Group on Cardiovascular Prevention in Childhood and Adolescence (PREVINA), nutrition graduate students, and psychologists and nurses employed by Feliz City Hall.Intervention activities occurred monthly in the schools’ multimedia room or sports court, with seminars and workshops about physical activities, healthy eating behaviours and bullying. This last topic was included after talking to children, who reported dissatisfaction with body image and suffering bullying from classmates for being obese. Afterwards, homework activities which required family interaction and commitment to accomplish the goals were proposed. In addition, schools promoted healthy eating by displaying posters and selling nutritious food in the snack bar.There was no difference between groups before the intervention. The average age was 9 ± 2 years, average body mass index (BMI) was 19 kg/m2 and 55.4% were girls. The children in the control group showed a significant increase in BMI after the nine months of the study (p ≤ 0.01). BMI in the intervention group remained the same, but there was a significant increase in fruit consumption and physical activity (p < 0.05).
Ms Schneid Schuh said: “The implementation cost of the intervention was very low, at less than USD $0.20 per student. This indicates that it could be reproduced in other low resource settings.” She concluded: “This intervention in the school environment was able to stop an increase in BMI. This is an encouraging finding since obesity is rising in Brazil in general, and in Feliz in particular. Most importantly, being able to increase physical activity and fruit consumption in childhood may be crucial for building a healthy and happy life in the long run.”

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Obesity Day to highlight growing obesity epidemic in Europe

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 24 marzo 2016

obesoBrussels. The growing obesity epidemic, which is predicted to affect more than half of all European citizens by 2030, will be the focus of European Obesity Day to be held on 21 May.According to World Health Organisation, obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century. Its prevalence has tripled in many countries of the WHO European Region since the 1980s, and the numbers of those affected continue to rise at an alarming rate.In addition to causing various physical disabilities and psychological problems, excess weight drastically increases a person’s risk of developing a number of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain types of cancer.The risk of developing more than one of these diseases also increases with increasing body weight. Obesity is already responsible for 2–8% of health costs and 10–13% of deaths in different parts of the Region, says WHO. It is also now the 5th leading cause of death worldwide.European Obesity Day is organised by the European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO) in conjunction with its 32 member associations in 32 countries. As well as events on the day itself, various initiatives will be taking place throughout Europe during the month beforehand.
Other major disease organisations, including those related to Cancer, Diabetes, cardiovascular, hypertension, diet and liver disease will also be taking part to highlight the dangers that overweight and obesity causes to those diseases too.Last year, EASO published the findings of a survey among 14,000 members of the public in seven European countries, showing that the majority of people underestimate their own weight, misjudge the weight of others around them, and appear to have little knowledge of the consequences.It also showed that the vast majority of people regard obesity as a problem purely of personal lifestyle, rather than recognising that there are other underlying issues which society needs to address.“Obesity is a complex and chronic disease with numerous causes, many of which are beyond an individual’s control,” says EASO President, Professor Hermann Toplak. “The causes can range from genetic and endocrine conditions to environmental factors, such as stress, diet and increasingly sedentary working patterns. “A healthier lifestyle, including a healthy diet and regular physical activity can help maintain a normal weight. However, obesity is a chronic disease and should be recognised and treated as such. Accepting and supporting people with obesity will help them seek the help and treatment they need,” he said.WHO says that both societies and governments need to act to curb the epidemic. “National policies should encourage and provide opportunities for greater physical activity, and improve the affordability, availability and accessibility of healthy foods. They should also encourage the involvement of different government sectors, civil society, the private sector and other stakeholders.”Professor Toplak agrees that Obesity has become a symptom of our rapidly changing society. “Individuals are vulnerable to changes in food production, processing and marketing and to changes in physical work and transportation. Many of these changes are linked to obesity so we should look out for and take action on changes in the wider society as well as for individuals,” he added.In line with the theme for European Obesity Day 2016, Action for a Healthier Future, people across all EU member states are being encouraged to participate.

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New Teijin Plant in the Netherlands Makes World’s Strongest Tape

Posted by fidest press agency su giovedì, 13 ottobre 2011

Carbon fiber

Image via Wikipedia

Arnhem. on the Emmtec grounds in Emmen, the Netherlands, Teijin Aramid opened its newest plant for the production of the world’s strongest tape, Endumax. By adding the new high-performance polyethylene tape (HP-PE) to its product portfolio, the Teijin Group has taken the next step toward global market leadership in super fibers & materials. For years, the Netherlands has played a dominant role in the global production of super fibers, including Teijin’s aramid fiber Twaron. Thanks to the unique properties of Endumax and the start of the production in Emmen, a new material can be added to the list. The aim is to obtain a global market share with Endumax of at least 15% by 2015. Production capacity will be 1,000 tons a year before the end of 2012. Teijin has again invested dozens of millions of euros for the production of Endumax. A boost for the economy in the northern part of the country and provides dozens of extra jobs in the area.
Endumax-tape is made from a special type of polyethylene (UHMWPE) and is 11x stronger than steel at the same weight, while its stiffness is comparable to carbon fiber. The tape is extremely strong, chemical resistant, not brittle, light in weight and can easily and effectively be used in thin and flat structures. It will play a significant role in making various materials stronger and lighter. For example, it will be used for bulletproof plates, tubes, high performance synthetic plates as well as narrow tapes for cut-resistant gloves, ropes and nets, among other things.

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